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Miscellaneous

BIS Rule On Helmets

23-07-2018

From January 15, new helmet will be lighter by 300gm and will be airier. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has amended the cap on maximum weight of helmets for bikers to 1.2kg instead of the present 1.5kg, which every manufacturer will have to comply with. The Road Transport Ministry has also started the process to bring manufacturing of all motorcycle helmets under the mandatory regime to get BIS certification. This will mean sale of non-standard helmets will become an offence. The new helmets will also specify that these are meant for two-wheeler riders. The new norms of lighter helmets and mandatory provision for ventilation holes in the headgear have been made considering the reasons why bike riders don’t prefer wearing them.

Miscellaneous

First Made-in-India Note

20-07-2018

RBI has released a new Rs 100 denomination banknote which is lavender in colour, is the first note made of entirely domestic materials. This note is designed in India, printed on currency paper made in India. The ink is made in India and even the security features have been made by Indian companies.

Cultural Aspect: The notes have motif of Rani ki Vav on the reverse- which is a stepwell situated in the town of Patan in Gujarat. It is located on the banks of Saraswati River. Rani ki Vav was built as a memorial to an 11th-century king Bhima-I. It was added to the list of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites in 2014.

Miscellaneous

Exercise Pitch Black

20-07-2018

An Indian Air Force contingent of Su-30MKI fighter jets will participate the multi-national exercise, Pitch Black, in Australia, scheduled from July 24 to August 18. This is the first time India is sending fighter aircraft for the biennial exercises hosted by the Royal Australian Air Force.

Miscellaneous

Student Police Cadet Programme

20-07-2018

The national Student Police Cadet (SPC) programme will be launched at Gurugram, Haryana.  It is a unique initiative successfully implemented in Kerala and Telangana is now going to be implemented across the country.  Students of Classes VIII and IX are the target of this programme.

The programme envisions a humane and just society, where citizens respect and follow laws, practise responsible behaviour, demonstrate empathy for weaker sections of society and participate in tackling community issues.

As part of the programme, the teachers will act as community police officers (CPOs) and additional CPOs, who will be trained by the police.

An annual activity calendar will be prepared for this with periodic monitoring. The training programme will include study classes, physical training, field visits, camps and practical projects. Students will study about the law and Constitution, communication skills, disaster management, and health and hygiene. Cadets will be given certificates based on evaluation of their performance.

Miscellaneous

First Use Of Satellite Collar To Dhole

20-07-2018

In Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh, Scientists have for the first time tied a Radio collar to a dhole-the Indian wild dog to understand the ecology of this endangered species that is considered as important as tigers in keeping the balance in forests but is heading for extinction.

Miscellaneous

Meghalayan Age

19-07-2018

Geologists have given a name to an age we are living in – Meghalayan, following the study of a rock (stalagmite) in the northeastern Indian state of Meghalaya that provided chemical signatures as evidence. A stalagmite is a type of a rock formation that forms on the floor of a cave due to the accumulation from ceiling drippings.

Geologists divide up the Earth's existence into slices of time. We currently live in what is called the Holocene, which reflects everything that has happened over the past 11,700 years. Further, the Holocene is subdivided into three parts, the Greenlandian, the Northgrippian, and the youngest addition, the Meghalayan. The Greenlandian runs from 11,700 to 8,200 years ago; the Northgrippan runs from 8,200 to 4,200 years ago, and finally, the Meghalayan runs from 4,200 years ago to present.

Scientists identify these ages by geologic age dating, where they assign an age to a material, like a rock, and then calculate the history of the earth by relating it to time, along with major event in the Earth's past, such as the break-up of continents, dramatic shifts in climate and more. This discipline is called geochronology.

The International Commission on Stratigraphy is the official keeper of geologic time.

Points to Remember
Name of the Age: Meghalayan
Time: 4200 years to present
Material: Stalagmite
Major event: The Meghalayan age began when a mega-drought devastated civilisations across the world, whose effects lasted two centuries. It severely disrupted civilisations in Egypt, Greece, Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and the Yangtze River Valley.

Miscellaneous

India's 1st Transgender Poets' Meet

19-07-2018

To see how transgender people can share their plight through literature and what role literature plays in helping them to express themselves, the Sahitya Akademi, the country's national academy of letters under the Union Culture Ministry organised india’s 1st transgender poets' meet at Kolkata.

Miscellaneous

ISRO Ropes In 3 Partners

19-07-2018

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has roped in three partners to help it assemble 27 satellites at a quick pace over the next three years. ISRO’s nodal satellites division URSC (U.R. Rao Satellite Centre) has signed separate three-year contracts with Alpha Design Technologies P Ltd and its six consortium members; with defence public enterprise Bharat Electronics Ltd; and with Tata Advanced Systems Ltd, Hyderabad.

Miscellaneous

Adoption Procedure Simplified

19-07-2018

Adoption process is set to get simple for prospective parents, who will now not be required to make several rounds to a court to seek an adoption order as the Union Cabinet has authorised District Magistrates or District Collectors to do so. The Union Cabinet has approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 to enable speedier adoption of children.

Miscellaneous

New Moons Of Jupiter

18-07-2018

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has announced the discovery of 10 new moons orbiting Jupiter. Along with two found in June 2017, this brings the number of Jupiter’s known natural satellites to 79. Of the 79 moons now known, most orbit in the same direction as other moons nearest them. The moons closer to Jupiter orbit Jupiter in the same direction as the planet’s rotation — astronomers call this a prograde orbit. The outer moons move in the opposite direction — a retrograde orbit. Eleven of the twelve new moons follow these conventions, but a tiny moon – which is set to be named Valetudo, after the Roman god Jupiter’s great-granddaughter – is orbiting the Jupiter in a Prograde orbit, i.e., in an opposite way and may destroy it self.

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