Evolving Financial Markets to Support the Investment Needs of a Growing Economy

The evolution of Indian financial markets over the past decade reflects a combination of robust reforms, increased market access facilitated by digital technology, and proactive regulatory measures. Key highlights include:

Equity Markets

  • Indian equity markets, represented by BSE Sensex and Nifty 50, demonstrated exceptional performance with a CAGR of 13.5% from January 2014 to December 2023.
  • Volatility decreased in 2023, reflecting improved corporate fundamentals resulting from balance sheet clean-up and deleveraging.
  • Digital technology adoption led to a remarkable 536% growth in the number of demat accounts, reaching 13.9 crore by December 2023.
  • Retail investor participation in the equity cash market on NSE increased ....
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