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PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Q&A

Topic-wise Soltions of Previous Year's Question Papers [Revised & Updated 2018 Edition]

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LEXICON For Ethics, Integrity And Aptitude

The Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude has been the closest in interpreting the syllabic content for GS Paper IV. Having established itself as the leader in its domain; the present edition is an upgraded version.

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GENERAL STUDIES IAS Mains Q&A Paper I To IV

Covering all the four papers of mains this book is a limited period edition with special discount. The book tackles the problem of answer writing in mains and subject understanding.

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सामान्य अध्ययन (प्रश्नोत्तर रूप में) पेपर I-IV

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा के लिए कितना पढ़ा जाये और पढ़ाई कहां से शुरू किया जाए को लेकर कई लोग भ्रमित रहते हैं। पिछले वर्षों के प्रश्न पत्रों का आकलन कई संदेहों को दूर करने में मदद कर सकता है। सामान्य अध्ययन आईएएस मुख्य परीक्षा क्यू एंड ए पुस्तक, इस समस्या का समाधान करने का प्रयास करती है।

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CSC English 6 Plus 1 Combo (Jan-to-Jun 18 + Sociology Q&A)

The special package includes previous 6 (Jan-to-June​) months issues of Civil Services Chronicle English with Sociology IAS Mains Q & A as complimentary.This is a limited period offer.

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CSC Hindi 6 Plus 1 Combo (Jan-to-Jun 18 + English Compulsory)

The special package includes previous 6 (Jan-to-June) months issues of Civil Services Chronicle Hindi with ENGLISH COMPULSORY Q&A as complimentary.This is a limited period offer.

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CSC English 6+1 Combo (Jan-Jun 18 + Public Administration Q&A)

The special package includes previous 6 (Jan-to-June​) months issues of Civil Services Chronicle English with Public Administration IAS Mains Q & A as complimentary.This is a limited period offer.

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FACTFINDER + Current Affairs Roundup 'JAN18

Chronicle Year Book- FACTFINDER is the first part of two books by Chronicle Publications. Keeping the current trend of various competitive examinations in mind, which are based mainly on issues..

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News in Short

Sports

Fakhar Zaman

Pakistan opener Fakhar Zaman became the sixth international batsman and the first Pakistani player to score a double hundred against Zimbabwe. Pakistan ended at 399/1, which is the highest score for Pakistan in ODIs. Zaman joined an elite list of players - Sachin Tendulkar, Virender Sehwag, Rohit Sharma, Chris Gayle and Martin Guptill - as the only players with double-hundreds in ODIs. Sharma still remains the only player with multiple double-centuries (3). Imam-ul-Haq and Zaman’s 304-run opening stand is also a record for highest opening partnership in ODIs.


Deaths

Ramchandra Singh Deo

He was Chhattisgarh’s first Finance Minister who held cabinet positions in the undivided Madhya Pradesh on multiple occasions. A fierce campaigner for tribal rights and staunch supporter of the Narmada Bachao Andolan.


Appointments

SC Collegium Recommendations

The Supreme Court Collegium has recommended the following to be appointed as judges to the Apex Court and High Courts:

Recommendation for the Supreme Court

K.M. Joseph: Chief Justice of Uttarakhand High Court (second time recommendation)
Indira Banerjee: Madras High Court Chief Justice
Vineet Saran: Odisha High Court Chief Justice

Recommendation for High Courts

Justice V.K. Tahilramani: He will be the Chief Justice of Madras High Court with the incumbent, Justice Indira Banerjee, being recommended by the Supreme Court Collegium for appointment to the top court.
Justice Rajendra Menon: Patna Chief Justice Rajendra Menon to take over as the Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court.
Justice Gita Mittal: The acting Chief Justice, Justice Gita Mittal, has been recommended for appointment as the Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court.
Justice Aniruddha Bose: He will be the Chief Justice of the Jharkhand High Court.


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Article

Choosing Overseas Over Home

The Number of Indian Students Going Abroad is on the Rise

Aarav is a brilliant student who has scored well in his XII board exams but it still couldn’t fetch him a seat in his preferred college and the course. Someone suggested him to consider pursuing higher education abroad. Now, he is all set to commence his preferred undergraduate course in a university in Canada.



Let us consider another example of Palak who seeks to pursue Masters in Fashion Photography. She believes that due to an increased focus on theoretical education and less chances of exposure to the profession in India, her creativity will not be utilized fully and hence she would not be able to discover her full potential. Therefore, she hopes to make her place in a renowned fashion school in London.

Aarav and Palak represents a group of students in India who either fail to get into the top colleges and universities in India due to high competition and irrational cutoffs or due to the curriculum in many Indian institutes which often falls below the curriculum provided by the foreign universities. Indian students who are usually unable to grab a seat in Indian universities are welcomed by foreign universities.

Key Trends in Global Higher Education

Students from all over the world are choosing to study abroad in larger numbers and in different countries and the volume of student mobility presently is at an all-time high which is expected to further rise owing to which higher education stakeholders are devising new ways to draw students to their country. Let us look at the trends in the global scenario of overseas education which have been prevalent in the recent years.



Apart from the top destination and source countries, take a look at the Best Cities in the World for International Students. The only Indian city that has made it to the Top 100 Best Student Cities is Mumbai owing to its famed IIT Bombay and the Mumbai University.

What are some Competitive Exams to get going for Overseas Studies?

What deserves a mention in any conversation revolving around foreign education are the competitive exams which form an important criteria for securing a seat at various foreign universities. Following are some important and standardized exams that anyone who aspires to study abroad should be aware:

GRE (Graduate Record Examination): For pursuing a Master's or doctoral degree; over 6.9 lakh students had taken the exam in 2017.

TOEFL (Test of English As A Foreign Language): Measures one’s English Language ability; over 27 million people all over the world had taken the test in 2016.

IELTS (International English Language Testing System): Measures English proficiency; in 2016, the number of test takers stood over 3 million.

GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test): Intended to assess analytical writing and problem-solving abilities for management aspirants. A total of 2,50,884 GMAT exams were taken in 2017.

SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test): For undergraduate courses in USA, Canada, Singapore etc.; more than 1.75 million students appeared for SAT in 2017.

LSAT (Law School Admission Test): For students who wish to pursue a career in law in the USA, Australia and Canada. Over 27K appeared for the exam in 2017-18.

MCAT (Medical College Admissions Test): It is a mandatory exam for getting admission into undergraduate courses in the U.S medical schools.

A Look at the Trends in India
India sends the most students overseas, after China. The following points will explain the hype around foreign universities and the current trends in overseas education in India.


As one plans to study abroad, one of the pressing concerns is usually of which subject they should pursue. With boundless range of alternatives to choose from, it is a tough call to decide that one subject that would be a perfect fit.


International Competitive Exams in India

Here is the Indian perspective of the students appearing in international standardized exams:

• Starting with the GRE, the number of Indian students appearing for the exam has seen an overall growth, from over 47K in 2010 to over a lakh students in 2016.

• About IELTS, more than 3 million tests were taken in 2016 globally, India being one of the top most countries in terms of the number of tests conducted.

• Even GMAT has seen a rise in the number of students appearing for the exam. In a 5 years’ period, from 2013- 2017, the number rose from over 25K to over 32K i.e. approximately a growth of 28%.

The Ivy League Competition

India faces stiff competition from the Ivy League universities- these are eight universities in the US which connote academic excellence, selectivity in admissions, and social elitism; these universities are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, and Yale University.

The number of Indian students flying to the US had fallen in 2017 owing to the restrictive visa norms, yet US remains the top destination for Indian students. In India, students scoring a laudable 90% find the Ivy League more accessible than the Delhi University. Another significant move has been in the middle class segment- earlier, it was only the wealthy Indian families who would send their kids to the best foreign universities, while the middle-class ones used to settle for DU as the cheaper and best option. But with DU, IIMs, IITs increasingly becoming out of reach for many students and also due to lack of prestigious universities in India, these foreign universities have become their happy choice. In addition to the dreams of many Indian students, the Ivy League has also become India’s safety schools.


Apart from Harvard, Columbia and Cornell which show a definitive growth from 2016 to 2017 enrollments, the other universities also imply a growth or that India is the top source country of their students. The Brown University and the Dartmouth University, India stood in the top five contributors for both of them in 2017. Pennsylvania had 48% of its students coming from Asia in 2017 of which India and China have a significant share. And, the Yale University had seen a rise in its Indian students from 170 in 2015 to 184 in 2016. The rise and the popularity of the foreign colleges is clearly reflected by these figures and says a lot about the demand for foreign education by the Indian students.

Studying Abroad- A Happy Choice

For decades, the foreign degree has been a great dream for many Indian students, a way to not just get an excellent education, but also a fast track to move to the West. With a mixed bag of reasons ranging from increasing competition, dreams to fulfill or simply to adopt a more practical approach in their process of learning, students are choosing overseas over home.

Talking about the IIMs and the IITs, they have an acceptance rate of around 2-3% and India doesn’t have enough eminent institutes that can cater to its population which leads to students turning to other countries.

Indian student growth overseas is powered by various factors and is still expected to grow further. With the increasing purchase power, globalization of ideas and upcoming new career options and moreover the willingness to adopt new careers, expectation of high-quality education, the international value placed on foreign degrees and the opportunity to form a lifelong connection with a foreign country, Indian students are clearly inclined towards awarding themselves with a foreign degree.

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Reading From Multiple Sources Decreases Your Chance At CSE

Jignesh has come from Gujarat to Delhi to prepare for one of the India’s toughest and competitive examination- UPSC. As soon as he stepped in the UPSC hubs of CSE, he was awed by the sight of it. Plethora of bookshops were established at every nook and corner of the area selling each and every coaching's study materials – all of them proclaiming to be the ultimate guide to make you an IAS or IPS. As with every fresher who gets overwhelmed by these sights, he was befuddled and confused.

He thought that he should not lag behind and thus he brought all the books and materials to study. He went to different bookstores where he thought that the divine information could land him in the top coveted ranks. But as the exam came closer, he felt that he couldn’t complete the syllabus on time. And thus, he read some topics and left some of them. He couldn’t qualify the examination.

Another aspirant, Vignesh Acharya was confident that he will be able to complete all the resources in time. He was a senior aspirant who had given multiple attempts. He had seen people falling in the web of buying various resources. He had even warned new aspirants to read selected materials. But some of the freshers thought that he wasn’t giving the right advice and wanted them to be left behind.

Vignesh cleared the exam, whereas his overzealous friends were caught behind.

Bad Information Drives out Good Information
The similarity that we see with many cases is that, aspirants are hankering after numerous sources. They look at various websites and download each and every article that comes through. In this haste, they forget that at the end they will be over burdened by the information. As the saying goes, 'Bad money drives out Good, and thus in this case, Bad information drives out Good information’.

Most aspirants attempt to cover every resource that is available in the market. As the material piles up, stress and anxiety are created. Instead, gain thorough knowledge about the syllabus first. Then, one NCERT book should be focussed on with an additional book used as reference.

In the end, the candidate is left behind with mediocre knowledge, never ending information and is reading the same information again and again which he might have studied from any previous centre- thus wasting his time.

Aspirants need to understand that everyone has his/her own potential, learning ability, perspective and way of understanding things. So instead of following others’ strategies, aspirants should analyse their own weaknesses and strengths.

So, do you know the way out?
Yes, Quality matters over Quantity. Before purchasing any book, you should take the help of technology and do a good research on the books. There are many toppers and the people who have appeared in the examination who have given reviews on some particularly followed books for the major subjects.

Mukherjee Nagar and Old Rajinder Nagar which have been termed as the ‘Mecca and Medina’ of UPSC preparation in India and various local markets of these UPSC hubs are flooded with books of numerous authors and publications. However, only selected books are actually apt for fruitful preparation. But, due to insufficient understanding of the UPSC CSE preparations, many students end up creating piles of books in their room, turning it into a junk pile instead of an ideal learning set up.

An aspirant is always advised to seek information from seniors who have qualified the examination, mentors and genuine sources and then choose what to buy and what not.

Many channels in Youtube also keep sessions of topper’s talks in which they tell about their strategies and the books that they use to follow and the confusions that they used to have in their mind while preparation. Also, proper importance should be given on the point that the book should be upto the mark in terms of syllabus.

You should always remember that you have to follow only one book for a subject and read it as many times as you can. If you try to read all the books of only one subject you might end up having your syllabus unfinished in given time.

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Advantages Of Sociology

“The country doesn’t deserve anything less than success from us. Let us aim for success”– Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Dear students we all are striving for success in some way or another and UPSC is one of that platform through which we strive for success and Sociology is one of the optional through which you can enhance your chances to become successful.

Sociology is extension of our common sense knowledge of social life. As student in some way or another is connected with this society so he/she is having some basic understanding of society. But despite this some basic questions come in our mind regarding such as:

Advantages of Sociology

How effective is Sociology as an Optional in UPSC?
Sociology is very effective optional. It not only helps you to get good marks in optional paper but is also helpful in Essay and better writing skills.

What is the success ratio of Sociology in UPSC?
Success Ratio varies- the number of candidates getting selected are around 85 to 240. This ratio, however, can be neglected; this is because there are numerous candidates who score high in their optional but due to not performing well in their GS papers, they are not able to clear Mains.

Will Sociology help in General Studies also?
Yes definitely, being a generalized topic, it helps in all the four papers of the General Studies. Various sections in which it helps in General Studies has been mentioned below in this Approach paper.

Why Sociology is a safer optional?
Sociology is considered as a safer optional as it doesn’t require any particular knowledge or academic background for its preparation as an optional. It has been proved many times that candidates without any prior knowledge of Sociology have scored well in their optional paper.

Who should take Sociology?
Any student can take Sociology as an optional as it deals with society and we all are staying in this society itself. Apart from humanities background, students from technical background can also opt for Sociology as students from this background has an edge in applied aspects of Sociology. Rest of the students who are coming from other streams can also chose Sociology as an optional as it is much generalized in nature and no specialization is required for it.

Which books can be referred for Sociology?
Being one of the popular optional subject abundant study materials are available. But beginning should always be done with NCERT 11th & 12th.

Other Benefits

1.You will never get very low score in this subject. Regardless of whether or not you have finished the syllabus, you can without much of a stretch compose answers from a general up point of view and it will enable you to score marks unlike other subjects where there are odds of you getting a zero too in your answers.
2.Further, Sociology helps you have a generalized theory on each topic; this means scoring more marks in essays.
3.Better your interview and speaking abilities at different levels.
4.Questions on theories are repeat quite often. So, there's no need to worry about getting shockers in the exam.
5.Aforementioned, no necessity to have a background of Sociology.
6.Syllabus is not very long.
7.Study material is conveniently available.

Importance of Sociology

General Studies - Paper I
• Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
• Notable highlights of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
• Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
• Impacts of globalization on Indian culture
• Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

General Studies - Paper II
• Pressure groups and formal/informal associations, their role in the Polity.
• Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
• Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
• Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
• Education, Human Resources.
• Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
• Civil services in a democracy.

General Studies - Paper III
• Comprehensive development and issues emerging from it.
• Land reforms in India.
• Changes in industrial policy, impacts of liberalization on the economy, and their outcome on industrial growth.
• Development and spread of extremism linkage – Naxalism.

General Studies - Paper IV
Human Values- role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values; reformers and administrators, lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders

Essay
It helps with the essay paper since generally at least one essay is asked on social issues.

Interview
We all live in society and by analyzing it we try to make our opinion. Being a Sociology student always give you an edge in maintaining balance in your answers in front of the Interview board members.

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IAS Books Collection

Toppers Interview

Toppers Imagge

Badole Girish Dilip, RANK 20, IAS 2017

Badole Girish Dilip, RANK 20, IAS 2017
One has to have diverse and in-depth knowledge
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Toppers Imagge

DURISHETTY ANUDEEP

AIR 1, CSE 2017
"Update Yourself with Current Facts, In-Depth Knowledge of Recent Topics, and Constant Practice"
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Toppers Imagge

Anu Kumari

AIR 2, CSE 2017
“I BELIEVE THAT IF YOU START A YEAR PRIOR TO PRELIMS, IT WILL BE SUFFICIENT TO CRACK THIS EXAM."
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