Urgent Global Health Challenges For Next Decade

On 13th January, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) released a list of 13 urgent health challenges the world will face over next decade.

Insolvency And Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019 was promulgated on December 28, 2019, which amended the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016.

State Energy Efficiency Index -2019

Recently, the Union Power Ministry released the State Energy Efficiency Index 2019, which tracks the progress of Energy Efficiency (EE) initiatives in 36 states and union territories based on 97 significant indicators.

First In-depth Review Of India’s Energy Policies

On 10th January, 2020, International Energy Agency (IEA), in partnership with NITI Aayog, released the first in-depth review of India’s energy policies.

National Strategy For Financial Inclusion

On 10th January, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released the five year (2019-24) National Strategy for Financial Inclusion (NSFI) with an objective to include all under formal access to finance - a key goal of the government.

Centre Opens Up Coal Sector

On 8th January, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved an ordinance to amend the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 and the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015, to open up coal mining in the country to non-coal companies while removing the end-use restrictions of the mining blocks in the country.

Scientific Social Responsibility

During the 107th Indian Science Congress, the Department of Science and Technology, spoke about the government’s policy on implementing Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR).

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

Recently, Maharashtra has become the first state in the country to seamlessly integrate its land records with the web portal of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).

FAME Scheme-II

On 3rd January, 2020 in a bid to push electric vehicle (EV) adoption in the country, the government approved the setting of 2636 charging stations in 62 cities across 24 States/UTs under FAME India (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India) scheme phase II.

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana

According to the Ministry of Rural Development, only 252 MPs have adopted gram panchayats under Phase-4 of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana(SAGY) -208 members of Lok Sabha and 44 members of Rajya Sabha.

Central Adoption Resource Authority

Consider the following statements:

  1. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.
  2. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Bru Tribe

Consider the following statements with reference to the Bru tribe:

  1. The Bru are the second most populous tribe of Tripura after the Tripuris.
  2. They speak the Reang dialect of Bru language which is of Tibeto-Burmese origin, locally referred to as Kau Bru.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Classical Languages Of India

Consider the following statements with reference to the classical language of India:

  1. The norms for according status of classical language are that the language should have a recorded history of more than 1500 years with ancient valuable literature recorded in it.
  2. Three of the six present classical languages belong to the Dravidian language family.
  3. In 2004, Sanskrit became the first language to get the status of classical language in India.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

International Convention For The Prevention Of Pollution From Ships

With reference to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), consider the following statements:

  1. MARPOL is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.
  2. The current convention is a combination of 1973 Convention and the 1978 Protocol, which entered into force on 2 October 1983.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Green Credit Scheme

Consider the following statements with reference to the “Green Credit Scheme”:

  1. The scheme allows agencies like private companies, village forest communities to identify lands for forest cultivation and ensures plantations are carried out.
  2. After 2 years, these identified lands would be considered as compensatory forest land after meeting forest department’s criteria.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Coastal Regulation Zone

Consider the following statements:

  1. The coastal areas have been classified into four categories—CRZ-I, CRZ-II, CRZ-III and CRZ-IV—in the 1991 notification, which aimed at restricting establishment of industries in these areas.
  2. CRZ-I includes areas situated between the high and low tide lines. Exploration of natural gas and extraction of salt are permitted in this zone.
  3. CRZ-III includes rural and urban areas which fall outside CRZ-I and CRZ-II are covered under CRZ-III. Only agriculture-related activities and public facilities are permitted in this zone.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

Chinese Paddlefish

Recently, the Chinese Paddlefish (Psephurus gladius) has been declared extinct by Chinese scientists. Consider the following statements about the Chinese Paddlefish:

  1. Chinese Paddlefish was endemic to the Yangtze River in China.
  2. Prior to being declared extinct, it was listed as critically endangered, possibly extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Consider the following statements with reference to the Epiphany:

  1. Epiphany is among the three oldest and major festival days in Christianity, the two others being Christmas and Easter.
  2. Epiphany is a feast day, or a day of commemoration, which in Christianity marks the visit of the Magi (meaning the Three Wise Men or Three Kings) to the Infant Jesus (Christ from his nativity until age 12).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

Miyawaki Method

Consider the following statements with reference to the Miyawaki method:

  1. Miyawaki is a technique pioneered by Philippines that helps build dense, native forests.
  2. In Miyawaki method multi-layered saplings are planted close to each other. This blocks sunlight from reaching the ground and prevents weeds from growing, thus keeping the soil moist. The close cropping further ensures that the plants receive sunlight only from the top thus enabling them only to grow upwards than sideways.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

Is India Facing a Moral or an Economic Crisis?

Winner Of CSC February 2020 Essay Competition : Bindiya Patankar

We are proud Indians but not blind ones. Something’s not right and we know it. Today India is going through a crisis and we can’t ignore it pretending it to be a phase.With all mob-lynching, rapes, economic slowdown, we cannot move towards the trillion dollars economy dream fantasizing that these are just bumps on road. There is clearly an evil that needs to be tackled down by getting at its roots. But what is it we are fighting? Is it an economic crisis or a moral one? As a nation what are we up against?Some say it is the economic crisis we are facing. With GDP growth for last quarter sinking down below 5%, unemployment

Medicine for the Ailing Planet

Winner Of CSC January 2020 Essay Competition : Deepakshi Jindal

“The biggest threat to our planet is the belief that someone will save it” -Robert SwanMan himself can make or mar his own destiny. He can save human race or can destroy all forms of life. The present indications are not encouraging any hope or improvements. The increasing environmental pollution is creating survival problems. The forests are disappearing, the deserts are expanding, and the earth is becoming inhabitable. Our planet is in trouble chiefly because of a population boom. Rapid industrial growth has polluted the natural environment. Environment pollution causes globa

Poverty Anywhere is a Threat to Prosperity Everywhere

Winner Of CSC November 2019 Essay Competition : Tiya Singh

In a post-globalised world order, humanity rests on imbricated systems of trade, economy, the environment and a massive, ever- expanding flow of ideas. In such a scenario, poverty threatens the very foundations of this fragile world order. Various economic research studies point toward a recent trend in increasing income inequalities within nations, as marked by the standardised measure of inequality known as the ‘Gini Coefficient’, especially over the past few decades. However, it is important to remember that the consequences of living in grossly unequal societies with millions living in poverty, goes beyond the perspective that mere economic denominator

Role of India in Changing the Global World Order

Winner Of CSC December 2019 Essay Competition : Animesh Kumar

Strolling through the dusty, musty, dirt ridden, cobbled, vine covered, brick laden, concrete layered, and often tarmacked streets of India,one can see development sprawling and sprouting on the horizon. The Indian economy and communal space much like these assorted avenues is a complex mixture of crude and comprehensive. The multidimensional exposure that India receives because of its ethnic diversity and a gargantuan population has over time catapulted India onto the world stage. India is now in the race to reclaim its former glory and prestige. As it tries to purge itself form the sizable stains of poverty and precarious social order,the International forum

Deepfakes – Menace on AI based Creations

Winner Of CSC October 2019 Essay Competition : Alefiya Lokhandwala

“Deep dark monsters loom in the dark,Along the pathways and Recesses that perhaps a few might embark.Evil hidden in plain sight,Hideous masks shunning the right.” The world we live in today has witnessed drastic technological advancements, more so in the last few decades than, in perhaps, the last century. Yet the blade that still hangs on our necks is: Is our species ready for the scientific innovations that have swung by us through the millennia? In recent years AI based applications have received a tidal wave of new upgrades and developments. Acknowledging Artificial int

Data is the New Currency of the World

Winner Of CSC September 2019 Essay Competition : Mah Tilat Tayyab

Data seems to have become the holy grail of everything “DIGITAL”. Many experts extoll the significance of data in today’s world by calling it the most important currency of the times we live in. Every business, every organization, every government scheme seems to hinge its decisions, marketing and operations on the data involved. As per the TCS global trend study of 2015, the IoT (Internet of Things) owed its growth to the customer data that was available. The study extolled how customer data was key to delivering custom made products, better customer service, razor sharp targeted marketing and so on, which begs the question, “What is data that give

Article 370: To Be Or Not To Be?

Article 370 is a contentious provision in the Constitution which incites many sentiments of the general public and political parties alike. This article has been in the news numerous times due to its combative nature

5G In India

Recently on 5th April 2019, South Korea launched the world’s first nationwide 5G mobile networks, giving access to super-fast wireless technology to its users. However, the buzzword around 5G technology is doing the rounds since long and has pitted major superpowers against one another to gain an edge over their rivals.

India's Engagement With The World-Part 2

India's Parliament plays a lesser role in formulation and execution of foreign policy than in other parliamentary democracies. This is not what the founders of modern India envidaged. The record of discussions in the Constituent Assembly soon after Independence shows that India's founding elite wanted Parliament to be supreme in the conduct of international affairs.

G-20 Summit 2018

It is an international forum that brings together the world's 20 leading industrialized and emerging economies which accounts for 85 per cent of world GDP, 80% of total global trade volume and two-thirds of its population. It serves as a convention for deliberate economic communication between industrialized and developing countries.

Is India Winning The Space Race?

China recently became the third country to land a probe on the Moon on January 2, 2019 but its operation is a more significant issue since the probe landed on the dark side of the moon- a historic feat which no other country has achieved.

Toppers Interview

Toppers Imagge

Neetu Gupta

104th Rank In, Rajasthan Judicial Services Examination-2019
"The Sanctity of Judiciary kept me Motivated"

Toppers Imagge

Nilesh Bhardwaj

61st Rank In Bihar Judicial Services Examination - 2019
"Writing quality answers in the limited time frame is the key"

Toppers Imagge

Abhinav Ahlawat

26th Rank Delhi Judicial Services Exam – 2019
"Know your interest first & develop passion for it"

Toppers Imagge

Srushti Jayant Deshmukh

Rank-5, CSE-2018
“Manage time during Mains and attempt all questions”

Magazine Collection

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CSC Magazine (English) February 2020

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CSC Magazine December 2019

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CSC Magazine October 2019

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CSC Magazine September 2019

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CSC Magazine (English) January 2020

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IAS Books Collection

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टू द पॉइंट NCERT PLUS - सामान्य विज्ञान

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टू द पॉइंट NCERT PLUS - पर्यावरण

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LEXICON For Ethics, Integrity And Aptitude

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