Light Pollution & Migratory Birds
Each year, World Migratory Bird Day is celebrated on two days - on the second Saturday of May and October.
- The Days are a way to reflect the cyclical nature of bird migration as well as the fact that there are varying peak migration periods in the northern and southern hemispheres.
- Activities to mark the day were held globally under the theme 'Dim the Lights for Birds at Night'.
- Light pollution is increasing around the globe. More than 80 per cent of the world's population is currently estimated to live under a "lit sky".
- The amount of artificial light on the Earth's surface is increasing by at least two per cent each year and could be much greater.
Impacts of Light Pollution on Birds
- Light pollution is a significant and growing threat to wildlife, including many species of migratory birds.
- Every year, light pollution contributes to the death of millions of birds.
- It alters the natural patterns of light and dark in eco-systems.
- It can change birds' migration patterns, foraging behaviours, and vocal communication.
- Attracted by artificial light at night, particularly when there is low cloud, fog, rain or when flying at lower altitudes, migrating birds become dis-orientated and may end up circling in illuminated areas.
- Depleted energy reserves put them at risk of exhaustion, predation, and fatal collision with buildings.
Conservation Value of Darkness
- According to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), "Natural darkness has a conservation value in the same way as clean water, air, and soil.
- A key goal of World Migratory Bird Day 2022 is to raise awareness of the issue of light pollution and its negative impacts on migratory birds.
- The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) is an environmental treaty of the United Nations and provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats.
SC on Premature Release/Remission of Convict
The Supreme Court of India, in a recent ruling, said that remission or premature release of a convict has to be considered in terms of the policy applicable in the State where the crime was committed and not where the trial was transferred to and concluded.
- A Bench of Justices said under Section 432(7) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) 1973, there cannot be a concurrent jurisdiction of two State governments on the issue of remission.
15 May: International Day of Families
Each year on 15th May, the International Day of Families is observed to reflect the importance that the international community attaches to families.
- The theme for this year’s observance was ‘Families and Urbanization’. This year’s theme’s focus is to raise awareness of the importance of sustainable and family-friendly urban policies.
- Urbanization is one of the most important megatrends shaping our world and the life and wellbeing of families worldwide.
- Sustainable urbanization is related to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets, such as SDG-1 (Poverty eradication); SDG-3 (Good health and well-being); SDG-11 (Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable); and SDG-10 (Reduce inequality within and among countries).
- These SDGs and their targets depend on how well urbanization is managed towards benefitting families and enhancing the well-being of all generations living in cities.
Vatican declares ‘Blessed Devasahayam’ - a ‘Saint’
On 15th May 2022, ‘Blessed Devasahayam’, became the first Indian layman to be declared a saint by Pope Francis during a canonisation ceremony held at the Vatican.
- Devasahayam was born on April 23, 1712 as Neelakanta Pillai into a Hindu Nair family, at Nattalam in Kanyakumari district, which was part of the erstwhile Travancore kingdom.
- He was an official in the court of Travancore’s Maharaja Marthanda Varma when he was instructed into the Catholic faith by a Dutch naval commander in 1745.
- He took the name “Lazarus”, or “Devasahayam” in Malayalam, which translates to “God is my help”.
- While clearing Devasahayam for sainthood in 2020, the Vatican dropped ‘Pillai’ from his name and referred to him as “Blessed Devasahayam”.
India wins maiden Tomas Cup
India’s men’s badminton team beat 14-time champion Indonesia 3-0 in the final to win its maiden Thomas Cup title in its 32nd edition.
- The biennial international badminton championship was held at Bangkok, Thailand.
- Indian men had previously reached the Thomas Cup semis in 1952, 1955, and 1979.
- India is only the sixth country to win the Thomas Cup.
- Lakshya Sen beat Olympic bronze medallist Anthony Sinisuka Ginting in the first singles.
- K. Srikanth beat Jonatan Christie in the second singles.
- Satwiksairaj Rankireddy & Chirag Shetty beat Mohammad Ahsan & Kevin Sanjaya Sukamuljo in the doubles event.
Uber Cup 2022
|Who has been appointed as the President of the UAE after the demise of Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan? -- Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|Who replaced Biplab Kumar Deb and became the 11th Chief Minister of Tripura? -- Dr. Manik Saha|
|Up to what percent (from the current 6%), the Fair and Average Quality (FAQ) of wheat with shrivelled and broken grains has been relaxed by the Centre to allow FCI to procure wheat in Punjab and Haryana including UT of Chandigarh for central pool without any value cut? -- 18%|
|Which business house recently became second largest cement player in India next only to UltraTech Cement of the Aditya Birla Group after acquiring Switzerland-based Holcim Ltd.’s entire stake in Ambuja Cements Ltd. and ACC Ltd.? -- Adani Group|
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