Useful & Harmful Microorganisms

Application of Useful Microorganisms

  • Probiotics: Beneficial bacteria like lactobacillus and bifidobacteria aid in gut health and digestion.
  • Fermentation: Yeast and bacteria used in fermentation processes for making bread, beer, wine, and yogurt.
  • Bioremediation: Certain bacteria and fungi help clean up pollutants in soil, water, and air, breaking down harmful substances.
  • Medicine: Production of antibiotics like penicillin and streptomycin derived from fungi and bacteria to combat infections.
  • Food Production: Various bacteria and molds used in cheese making, while bacteria like Rhizobium fix nitrogen in soil for plant growth.
  • Biotechnology: Microbes used in genetic engineering to produce enzymes, proteins, and pharmaceuticals.

Examples of Useful Microorganisms

  • Saccharomyces ....
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