​India’s Border Management Challenges

India's extensive and diverse border regions pose multifaceted challenges, from security threats to infrastructure gaps, necessitating strategic initiatives and technological advancements for effective management.

What are the key challenges in managing India’s borders?

  • Long and Diverse Borders: India shares approximately 15,106 km of land borders with seven countries (Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan).
  • Diverse Terrain: The borders span mountains, deserts, rivers, forests, and plains, each presenting unique challenges for surveillance and management.
  • Security Threats: Infiltration by terrorist groups, especially along the Pakistan and Myanmar borders.
  • Smuggling and Trafficking: Illegal trade in arms, drugs, and human trafficking, particularly along the Bangladesh ....
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