​Role of Local Communities in Countering Naxalism & Insurgency

The involvement of local communities in countering Naxalism and insurgency in India is crucial due to their intimate knowledge of the terrain, culture, and socio-political dynamics of the affected regions.

Role of Local Communities

  • Community Policing and Local Participation: Local communities in states like Chhattisgarh have been pivotal through initiatives like 'Salwa Judum' and 'Bastar Fighters,' where local youth are trained and armed as Special Police Officers (SPOs). These forces, familiar with the terrain and languages, gather intelligence and conduct operations against Naxalites.
  • Self-Defence Groups and Village Defence Committees: In Jharkhand and Odisha, Village Defense Committees (VDCs) composed of local volunteers ....
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