Civil Services Chronicle April 2019

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Preliminary Examination



Multilateralism and Its Challenges in the Present Time

Renewed efforts are required to establish that multilateralism is nothing more than countries coming together, respecting one another, and establishing the forms of cooperation that guarantee peace and prosperity. In the past few years, globalization seems to be slowing down as a percentage of GDP, trade is no longer rising and .... Read More
Counter Terrorism in India

Indian Counter Terrorism infrastructure has not been able to evolve itself as per the changing dynamics of terrorism The recent Pulwama attack on CRPF convoy in Kashmir which claimed more than 40 lives highlights the critical security lapses in Indian counter-terrorism (CT) architecture. India did not have any structured CT architecture until .... Read More
Corporate Governance in India

Profound corporate governance is a must for the Indian economy, however, India still has a long road to travel towards greater corporate governance. Poor corporate governance standards in India have been a major grievance of domestic and foreign investors alike for long. Recent instances such Chanda Kochhar Case, IL&FS case, sale .... Read More
Faith, Belief and Customs

Every night when you go to sleep after putting an alarm, is that your faith or belief or your daily custom that makes you sure of waking up fit and fine the next morning? For some it is their faith in religion that makes them go to bed peacefully. At .... Read More
Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises

Global Mobility SummitThe Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, outlined the vision for the future of mobility in India, in the Global Mobility Summit held in New Delhi in September 2018. He spelt out 7 Cs: Common, Connected, Convenient, Congestion-free, Charged, Clean and Cutting-edge. AMP 2026The Government of India and .... Read More
Department of Space

Announcement of Manned Mission While addressing the nation from the ramparts of the Red Fort on the 72nd Independence Day, the Prime Minster, Shri Narendra Modi announced that India has resolved to send manned spacecraft to the space by 2022 and India will be the fourth country to do this. So .... Read More
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

World Environment DayConsidering India’s global leadership in environmental protection and climate change sectors, the UNEP had chosen India to be the global host for World Environment Day (WED) on 5th June, 2018. The main event was organized in Delhi and included a series of conferences in Vigyan Bhawan.This WED, 2018 .... Read More
Ministry of Tourism

‘Adopt a Heritage’ Project Ministry of Tourism in close collaboration with Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) launched “Adopt a Heritage Project” to provide world class tourist facilities at the various natural/cultural heritage sites, monuments and other tourist sites. The project plans to entrust heritage sites/monuments and other .... Read More
Ministry of Skill Development and Enterpreneurship

SANKALP Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) project aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM), which was launched on 15th July, 2018 by Ministry of Skill Development through its core sub-missions. The project will be implemented in mission mode through World Bank support. .... Read More
Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare

Doubling of Farmers’ Income The Government has set a target of doubling of farmers’ income by the year 2022. The Government has constituted an Inter-Ministerial Committee under the Chairmanship of Chief Executive Officer, National Rainfed Area Authority, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare to examine issues relating to doubling of .... Read More
Ministry of Earth Sciences

High Performance Computing (HPC)The Ministry of Earth Sciences has augmented its HPC facility by 6.8 Peta Flops (PF) which has been installed at two of its constituent units namely, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune with 4.0 Peta Flops capacity and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), .... Read More
Ministry of Culture

Mumbai’s Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Building Declared as World Heritage by UNESCOIn yet another landmark achievement, India’s nomination of the “Victorian and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai” was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. This makes Mumbai city the second city in India after Ahmedabad to be inscribed on .... Read More
Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Initiatives for Particularly Vulnerable Tri bal Groups (PVTGS) Ministry has enhanced the allocation of funds for the development of PVTGs from Rs 240.00 crores in 2017-18 to Rs 260.00 crores in 2018-19. State Government have been given the flexibility of utilizing the funds using the gaps identified through Base Line Surveys. In order to ensure .... Read More
Department of Biotechnology

DNA Bill Union Cabinet approved “The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018”. The Bill has been formulated for the regulation of the use and application of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) technology with the aim to establish the identity of certain category of persons including the victims, offenders, suspects, under trials, .... Read More
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (Ministry of Science & Technology)

India’s First Biofuel-powered FlightA historic flight powered by indigenously produced aviation biofuel based on patented technology of CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Dehradun completed journey from Dehradun to Delhi on August 27, 2018. With this maiden flight India joined the exclusive club of nations using biofuel in aviation. The use .... Read More
Ministry of Shipping

Development of New PortsIn addition to projects for capacity expansion of major ports, 6 new port locations, namely – Vadhavan (Maharashtra), Enayam (Tamil Nadu), Tajpur (West Bengal), Paradip Outer Harbour (Odisha), Sirkazhi (Tamil Nadu), Belekeri (Karnataka) have been identified to increase overall cargo handling capacity.Port ModernizationUnder Project Unnati, global benchmarks .... Read More
NITI Aayog

Health Index NITI Aayog has developed the ‘Healthy States, Progressive India’ Report also known as the ‘Health Index’ in February 2018. The Composite Water Management Index was also launched in June 2018. The ‘School Education Quality Index (SEQI)’, ‘SDG India Index’ and the ‘Digital Transformation Index’ (DTI) which will measure states’ .... Read More
Ministry of Power

SAUBHAGYALaunched for universal electrification in September, 2017Camps organised at village level. Minimum documentation requiredSpecial drive for economically weaker sections under Gram Swaraj AbhiyanOver 2.1 crore households electrified since 11th Oct, 20179 States have achieved 100% saturation in household electrification under Saubhagya namely Madhya Pradesh, Tripura, Bihar, J&K, Uttarakhand, Mizoram, Sikkim, .... Read More
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas

Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP)/ Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP) This is a paradigm shift from Production Sharing Contract (PSC) regime to Revenue Sharing Contract (RSC) regime based on the principle of ease of doing business. It provides for single License for exploration and production of conventional as well as .... Read More
Ministry of Commerce & Industry

12 Champion SectorsThe Union Cabinet approved the proposal of the Department of Commerce to give focused attention to 12 identified Champion Services Sectors for promoting their development, and realizing their potential.These include Information Technology & Information Technology enabled Services (IT &ITeS), Tourism and Hospitality Services, Medical Value Travel, Transport and .... Read More
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Ayushman Bharat Ayushman Bharat is a centrally sponsored programme anchored in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). It is an umbrella of two major health initiatives, namely Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojna (PMJAY). National Health Policy 2017 The National Health Policy of the country was .... Read More
Ministry of Finance

GDP and the Economy The share of Indian economy in world (measured as a ratio of India’s GDP to world’s GDP at current US$) increased from 2.6 per cent in 2014 to 3.2 per cent in 2017 (as per World Development Indicators database). The average share of Indian economy in world .... Read More
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