​Maritime Security Challenges in the IOR: Need for Enhanced Cooperation

The maritime domain in the Indian Ocean region (IOR) presents a complex landscape of challenges and opportunities. From piracy and maritime terrorism to environmental threats and sovereignty concerns, the region demands robust strategies for security, cooperation, and sustainable development.

IOR: Key Maritime Security Challenges

  • Piracy: Piracy in the IOR, particularly off Somalia's coast, disrupts maritime trade, increasing shipping costs and delays. In 2010, global economic losses due to piracy were estimated between $7 billion and $12 billion.
  • Maritime Terrorism: The IOR faces threats from maritime terrorism, exemplified by the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda and ISIS use the maritime ....
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International Relations