On 7th March, 2021, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Central Silk Board under the Ministry of Textiles on a convergence model for the implementation of Agroforestry in the silk sector under the ongoing Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme.
It aims to .... Read More
On 2nd March, 2021, the Government introduced modifications to an existing component of the PM-KUSUM scheme so as to channelize its focus on solarizing agricultural feeders instead of pumps.
Under this new sub-scheme, the Centre will bear 30 per cent of the cost of building of a small solar plant to .... Read More
Recently, NITI Aayog held a national-level consultation on the Principles and Practices of Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati(BPKP) -Natural Farming.
About Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati
It was introduced as a sub scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) since 2020-21 for the promotion of traditional indigenous practices including natural farming.
The scheme mainly emphasises .... Read More
On 25th March, 2021, the Parliament passed the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill, 2021, which seeks to establish the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development (NBFID) to support the infrastructure financing in the country.
Development finance is highly risky and takes a long time as gestation periods .... Read More
On 8th March, 2021, the Sub-committee of Insolvency Law Committee (ILC) submitted its report to the Government and recommended a pre-pack framework within the basic structure of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016.
In June 2020, the Government constituted a sub-committee of Insolvency Law Committee (ILC) under the chairmanship of .... Read More
On 25th March, 2021, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) decided to introduce new requirements for sustainability reporting by listed entities.
This new report shall be called the Business Responsibility and Sustainability Report (BRSR) and shall replace the existing Business Responsibility Report (BRR).
In November 2018, the Ministry of Corporate .... Read More
On 22nd March, 2021, the Lok Sabha passed the Insurance (Amendment) Bill, 2021 which seeks to amend the Insurance Act, 1938.
To increase the maximum foreign investment allowed in an Indian insurance company.
Foreign investment in the insurance sector was first permitted in the year 2000 up to 26%.
Subsequently, vide an .... Read More
On 22nd March, 2021, the Parliament passed the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2021, bringing in many reforms to India’s untapped mining industry.
The Bill amends the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957.
Untapped Mining Potential: Mining in India contributes to only 1.75 per cent of .... Read More
On 13th Match, 2021, the Centre has issued a framework for scrap recycling of non-ferrous metals, including aluminium and copper, in a bid to cut down the scrap imports.
Increased Import Dependency: One of the key challenges faced by the non-ferrous metals industry is its heavy dependence on import of .... Read More
On 31st March, 2021, the Union Cabinet approved the Central Sector Scheme - Production Linked Incentive Scheme for Food Processing Industry (PLISFPI) to support food manufacturing entities with stipulated minimum Sales and willing to make minimum stipulated investment for expansion of processing capacity and Branding abroad to incentivise emergence of .... Read More
Rajasthan Government has been strongly demanding national project status for the Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project (ERCP).
About Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project
Envisaged on the lines of the Indira Gandhi Canal in western Rajasthan, the project aims to harvest surplus water available during the rainy season in rivers in southern Rajasthan such .... Read More
On 22nd March, 2021, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) ordered for investigation and assigned to Serious Fraud Investigation office (SFIO) and Regional Directors (RDs) in the cases where there are allegations of misuse of corporate structure/ fraud.
About Serious Fraud investigation (SFIO)
It was constituted in July 2003 following the recommendations .... Read More
On 4th march, 2021, the government approved the CSIR Floriculture Mission for implementation in 21 States and Union Territories of India.
Farmers have little knowledge about floriculture which can give 5 times more return than the traditional crops.
Floriculture has the potential to provide employment to a large number of people .... Read More
On 22nd March, 2021, the Reserve Bank of India announced the names of the members of the Standing External Advisory Committee (SEAC) for evaluating applications for Universal Banks as well as Small Finance Banks.
Shyamala Gopinath, former Deputy Governor, RBI, has been appointed as the chairperson of the SEAC.
The constitution of .... Read More
Capital market regulator SEBI has approved sweeping changes to the corporate governance framework for listed companies.
The new measures are based on recommendations made by a 25 members committee headed by Uday Kotak, Executive Vice Chairman and Managing Director of Kotak Mahindra Bank.
The committee was formed in June, 2017 with .... Read More
The Economic Survey 2021 stated that India’s sovereign credit rating doesn’t reflect its fundamentals. The survey called for an overhaul of sovereign rating methodology, saying that the fifth-largest economy can’t be BBB- rated.
Currently, India is rated investment grade by three major CRAs – S&P, Moody’s and Fitch.
About Sovereign Credit .... Read More
On 1st march, 2021, Union Ministry for Agriculture celebrated the first anniversary of the Central Sector Scheme on "Formation & Promotion of 10,000 Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs)".
Formation & Promotion of 10,000 Farmer Producer Organizations
It was in February, 2020, at Chitrakoot (Uttar Pradesh) with a budgetary provision of Rs 6865 crore.
More .... Read More
Manipur has been declared as a winner state where the government’s Van Dhan Vikas Yojana has appeared as a major source of employment for the local tribals residing in the state.
Since the time that the programme was launched in the State in October 2019, 100 Van Dhan Vikas Kendras have .... Read More
The Indian government not only proposes to de-nationalise public assets, but it also seeks a larger role for private wealth creators by giving them "as much opportunity" to turn India into AatmaNirbhar Bharat.
This completes a circle that began with the Bombay Plan of 1944 which had sought the exact opposite .... Read More
Red Rice Iron rich ‘red rice’ is grown in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam, without the use of any chemical fertilizer. The rice variety is referred to as ‘Bao-dhaan’, which is an integral part of Assamese food. Much like brown rice and white rice, red .... Read More
Udan 4.1 Launched
To further enhance regional air connectivity, the Centre has launched the 4.1 round of the RCS-Udan scheme.
Some operational flexibilities are extended to Airlines under the Udan 4.1 to ensure suitable operation models to connect smaller cities or airstrips.
New routes are proposed under 'Sagaramala Seaplane Services'.
Operations under Non Scheduled .... Read More
In poll-bound Assam, in campaigns of political parties one place figures prominently-the Bartadrava Than/Sattra (monastery) in Nagaon, which is the birthplace of renowned Vaishnavite saint-reformer Srimanta Sankardeva.
Sattras are monastic institutions created as part of the 16th century Neo-Vaishnavite reformist movement started by Srimanta Sankaradeva (1449-1568).
As the saint travelled across .... Read More
Centuries-old St. George’s Orthodox Church at Cheppad, Kerala is now set to be declared a Centrally protected monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
St. George’s Orthodox Church
It is believed that the church was built in AD 950, but some experts put the year of construction at .... Read More
According to a new scientific study of material found at a Harappan site, 4MSR Binjore, in Rajasthan, the Harappan people used to consume high-protein multigrain laddoos around 4,000 years ago.
The study was jointly conducted by the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences (BSIP), Lucknow, and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), New .... Read More
The NITI Aayog recently circulated a discussion paper on a proposed revision in the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013.
National Food Security Act 2013
The NFSA provides a legal right to persons belonging to eligible households to receive foodgrains at subsidised central issue prices (CIPs)– rice at Rs 3/kg, wheat at .... Read More
On March 28, President of India gave his assent to the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021. The Bill amends the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991.
The 1991 Act provides a framework for the functioning of the Legislative Assembly and the government of .... Read More
Recently, while rejecting a plea to terminate the Lok Sabha membership of Dr. Farooq Abdullah and book him for seditionover his remarks after the abrogation of Article 370, the Supreme Court said that voicing dissent against the government does not amount to sedition.
Section 124 A of IPC (Indian Penal Code) .... Read More
The Supreme Court recently said that reservation in favour of Other Backward Classes in concerned local bodies cannot exceed an aggregate of 50 per cent of the total seats reserved for Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and OBCs taken together.
The judgment came on petitions challenging Section 12(2)(c) of the Maharashtra .... Read More
On 26th March, the Supreme Court refused to stay the sale of electoral bonds before Assembly elections in crucial States like West Bengal, Tamil Nadu etc.
A plea to stay the sale of a new set of electoral bonds between April 1-10, before Assembly elections in crucial States, was filed by .... Read More
In its 25th March verdict, the Supreme Court allowed the pleas of several women short service commission (SSC) officers seeking grant of Permanent Commission in the Army and held that the Annual Confidential Report (ACR) evaluation process was flawed and discriminatory in nature as it did not address the gender .... Read More
On 16th March, the Rajya Sabha passed the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 that increases the time period within which an abortion may be carried out by certain ‘special categories ’ of women.
The Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha in March 2020.
It amends the Medical Termination .... Read More
On 15th March, the Jharkhand government announced 75% reservation in private sector jobs with a salary of up to Rs 30,000 for locals in its Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2021.
Key Provisions of the Bill
Definition of Private Sector: The bill will treat shops, establishments, mines, enterprises, industries, companies, .... Read More
The government has notified a consolidated list of rights that Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) enjoy along with a list of activities which would require prior permission.
The notification granted OCIs the right of multiple entry lifelong visa to India for any purpose; exemption from registration with the Foreigners’ Regional .... Read More
Ministry for Social Justice and Empowerment recently launched the 'Sugamya Bharat' App which has been developed by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities.
It is a crowd-sourcing mobile application which will act as a means for sensitising and enhancing accessibility in the three pillars of the Accessible India .... Read More
On 21st March, Ministry of Health and Family welfare (MoHFW) informed that the government has achieved its planned target of operationalising 70,000 Ayushman Bharat- health and wellness centres (AB-HWCs) ahead of time.
The government had earlier set March 31 as the deadline for realising the target.
Ayushman Bharat Scheme
It is a .... Read More
On the 91st anniversary of the historic salt march led by Mahatma Gandhi along with 78 men, from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi in Gujarat, Prime Minister flagged off a symbolic 386-kilometre ‘Dandi march’, following the same route. The PM also launched Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav to celebrate 75 years of .... Read More
The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2021 which amended the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 was passed by the parliament recently.
The Constitution empowers the President to specify the Scheduled Castes (SCs) in various states and union territories. Further, it permits Parliament to modify this list of notified SCs.
The .... Read More
Anti-defection Law The Tenth Schedule, popularly known as the anti-defection law, was added to the Constitution in 1985 to bring stability to governments by deterring MPs and MLAs from changing their political parties on whose ticket they were elected. The penalty for shifting political loyalties .... Read More
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi
On 10th March 2021, the Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN) as a single non-lapsable reserve fund for share of Health from the proceeds of Health and Education Cess levied under Section 136-b of Finance Act, 2007.
The major benefit will be .... Read More
On 4th March , Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs released the final rankings of Ease of Living Index (EoLI) 2020 and the Municipal Performance Index (MPI) 2020.
The rankings under Ease of Living Index 2020 were announced for cities with a population of more than a million, and cities with .... Read More
The outsized impact Covid-19 has had on women in some countries could result in an additional 10 million child marriages in this decade, according to a UNICEF study titled "Covid-19: A threat to progress against child marriage" released on International Women's Day (8th March).
An estimated 1.5 million underage girls in .... Read More
A parliamentary standing committee has asked the Tribal Affairs Ministry to issue directions to all states and union territories for starting a special drive to provide caste certificates to all Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups
PVTGs constitute the most vulnerable section among tribals and inhabit isolated, remote .... Read More
For effective implementation of various schemes and programmes of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, all major schemes of the Ministry have been classified under 3 umbrella schemes viz. Mission Poshan 2.0, Mission Vatsalya and Mission Shakti.
The prime objective of the Ministry is to address gaps in State action .... Read More
Everyday four child victims of sexual offences are denied justice due to closure of their cases by police because of insufficient evidence, according to a new study titled 'Police case disposal pattern: An enquiry into the cases filed under POCSO Act, 2012' by Kailash Satyarthi Children's Foundation (KSCF).
Implementation of .... Read More
The World Happiness Report 2021 has been released by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network on March 20th, the International Day of Happiness.It focuses on the effects of Covid-19 and how people all over the world have fared.
Finland has been ranked as the happiest country in the world for .... Read More
On 23rd March, 2021, the Suez Canal, a critical shipping artery that connects the Mediterranean and Red Seas through Egypt, was blocked after a large cargo ship ran aground while passing through it, bringing traffic on the busy trade route to a halt.
The vessel blocking Suez was the Ever Given .... Read More
On 26th March, 2021, an Indo-Korean friendship park was jointly inaugurated by Defence Minister of India and Minister of National Defence of South Korea at Delhi cantonment.
About the Park
The park has been built to commemorate the contribution of Indian peacekeeping force during the Korean war of 1950-53.
It as an imposing .... Read More
The 116th Annual Meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) comprising of Indus Commissioners of India and Pakistan was held on March 23-24, 2021 in New Delhi.
The last meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission was held in Lahore on August 29, 2018
The two sides discussed on the designs .... Read More
On 2nd March, 2021, Prime Minister inaugurated the second edition Maritime India Summit -2021 organised by the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways on a virtual platform
The 1st edition of Maritime India Summit was held in 2016 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Denmark was the partner country for the three-day summit.
At .... Read More
Indian Prime Minister paid a State Visit to Bangladesh from 26 to 27 March 2021 to join the celebrations of the Golden Jubilee of the Independence of Bangladesh, the Birth Centenary of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and 50 years of establishment of diplomatic relations between .... Read More
The World Trade Organization (WTO) compares the “boxes” it uses for classifying trade subsidies to traffic lights when it comes to agricultural trade and commodity subsidies.
Different Box Subsidies
Green Box Subsidies
Green Box Subsidies don’t distort free trade or distort the free trade at a very minimal or negligible level.
Example of these .... Read More
The Seventeenth Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) Ministerial Meeting was held virtually in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 01 April 2021 to finalize preparations for the Fifth BIMSTEC Summit to be held in Sri Lanka in 2021.
The meeting endorsed the BIMSTEC Master Plan for Transport .... Read More
On 2nd April, 2021, the US President lifted sanctions that Donald Trump imposed on top officials of the International Criminal Court.
The U.S. sanctions had targeted ICC chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda and the court’s head of jurisdiction, Phakiso Mochochoko, for pressing ahead with investigations into the U.S. and its allies, notably .... Read More
The Sixth India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) Women’s Forum meeting was held virtually on 16th March, 2021. Led by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, the event witnessed participation of Ministers and officials responsible for Women Affairs of IBSA Countries.
The participating countries also lauded the efforts of Government .... Read More
Codex Alimentarius Commission The Codex Alimentarius, or "Food Code" is a collection of standards, guidelines and codes of practice adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. The Codex Alimentarius Commission(CAC)is an international food standards body established jointly by the Food and Agriculture organization (FAO) and the .... Read More
IAF Participated in EX Desert FLAG
The Indian Air Force participated for the first time in Exercise Desert Flag-VI along with air forces of United Arab Emirates, United States of America, France, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and Bahrain.
Ex Desert Flag is an annual multi-national large force employment warfare exercise hosted .... Read More
On 24th March, 2021, the World bank released the World Development Report 2021: Data for Better Lives.
It focuses on how data can improve the lives of poor people and advance development objectives
The report explores the tremendous potential of the changing data landscape to improve the lives of poor people, while .... Read More
On 30th March, 2021, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) released a report titled ‘Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2021: Towards post-COVID-19 resilient economies.
About the Report
Published annually since 1947, the Survey provides analyses to guide policy discussion on the .... Read More
On 30th March, 2021, India attended the ninth Ministerial Conference of Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) on Afghanistan in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
India spelt out her commitment to the development and rebuilding of Afghanistan. The development partnership of USD 3 billion for Afghanistan, includes more than 550 Community Development .... Read More
The first ‘Quadrilateral Security Dialogue’, also known as the Quad leaders' virtual summit took place on 12th March, 2021.
A joint statement, titled ‘The Spirit of the Quad’ was presented after the summit.
Quad Vaccine Partnership
The leaders finalised a landmark initiative under which huge investments will be made in India to .... Read More
On 27th March, 2021, Iran and China on Saturday signed a 25-year strategic cooperation agreement addressing economic issues amid crippling US sanctions on Iran.
The deal marked the first time Iran has signed such a lengthy agreement with a major world power.
In 2001, Iran and Russia singed a 10-year cooperation .... Read More
On 25th March, 2021, Philippine’s military ordered the deployment of more navy ships to the South China Sea amid a growing diplomatic row over a fleet of Chinese boats parked near a disputed Whitsun Reef.
South China Sea Dispute
It is a dispute over territory and sovereignty over ocean areas, and the .... Read More
On 1st April, 2021, the US President let a June 2020 executive order banning the issuance of new non-immigrant worker visas expire.
In June 2020, the former US President Trump signed an executive order extending the ban on immigrant and non-immigrant worker visas.
The executive order was first extended for 60 days .... Read More
Recently Russian scientists launched one of the world’s biggest underwater neutrino telescopes called the Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) in the waters of Lake Baikail, the world’s deepest lake situated in Siberia.
The Baikal-GVD is one of the three largest neutrino detectors in the world along with the IceCube at the South .... Read More
An Indian team of Scientists has been studying haematite concretions in Kutch and their study has revealed recently that the ‘blueberries’ in India and Mars share similar characteristics.
In 2004, NASA’s Mars exploration rover ‘Opportunity’ found several small spheres on the planet, informally named Martian blueberries.
Opportunity’s mini spectrometers studied .... Read More
An international team of astronomers have discovered the most distant ‘radio-loud’ quasar named P172+18 with the help of European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (ESO’s VLT).
It took 13 billion years for the quasar’s light to reach earth.
Radio-loud quasars are quasars with powerful jets that are strong sources of radio-wavelength emission. .... Read More
Recently the LHCb Collaboration at CERN has found particles not behaving in the way they should according to the guiding theory of particle physics – the Standard Model.
The LHCb experiment is one of the four huge particle detectors at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The other three are ATLAS, CMS .... Read More
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Bharat Biotech International are looking at bringing the messenger RNA platform to India after seeing its successful use in quick development of covid-19 vaccines by US-based Pfizer and Moderna.
CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT) will be looking at supplying lipid nanoparticles, which .... Read More
The Atomic Minerals Directorate (AMD) for Exploration and Research has taken up Uranium exploration in Arunachal Pradesh along India- China border.
The exploration was taken up in Aalo of West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, about 619 metres from ground level.
Uranium (U) is a radioactive chemical element of the actinoid .... Read More
India imports helium for its needs, and with the U.S. appearing set to cut off exports of helium since 2021, Indian industry stands to lose out heavily.
The U.S. is the most important exporter of helium across the world.
Qatar is a possible exporter but acute political and diplomatic wrangles have .... Read More
Twenty gelatin sticks were recovered from a vehicle parked outside Antilla, the residence of industrialist Mukesh Ambani on February 25.
About Gelatin Sticks
Gelatin sticks are cheap explosive materials used by industries for the purpose of mining and construction related work, like building structures, roads, rails and tunnels etc.
By itself an .... Read More
The National Cyber Security Coordinator (NCSC) has finalized the criteria for identifying trusted sources and products, and conveyed to the Telecom Companies (telcos) and other stakeholders the process to provide information.
Under the process, vendors will have to provide information to telcos, who will inform the designated authority (NCSC) about the .... Read More
On 10th March, the Indian Navy inducted its third Scorpene-class conventional diesel electric submarine, INS Karanj, into service.
The first submarine of the class, INS Kalvari, was commissioned in December 2017 and the second, INS Khanderi, in September 2019.
A fourth submarine, Vela, was launched into the water in May 2019 .... Read More
India’s arms imports fell 33% between 2011-15 and 2016-20 according to a report released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) recently.
The report on international arms transfers attributed the drop in India’s arms imports mainly to an attempt to reduce its dependence on Russian arms and complex procurement .... Read More
A 30-member team of scientists and researchers from the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) in Panaji (Goa) and another 30 crew members onboard its research vessel Sindhu Sadhana will spend the next three months traversing the course of over 10,000 nautical miles in the Indian Ocean on a research project .... Read More
According to a recent study, four strains of bacteria have been discovered at the International Space Station out of which three strains were previously unknown to science.
Scientists of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory have identified four strains of bacteria in the samples collected from ISS, all belonging to Methanobacteriaceae family .... Read More
ISRO recently launched a sounding rocket to study attitudinal variations in the neutral winds and plasma dynamics from Sriharikota spaceport.
ISRO has developed a series of sounding rockets called Rohini series, important among them being RH-200, RH-300 and RH-560, number in the name indicating the diameter of the rocket in .... Read More
Indian Health and Family Welfare Minister Harsh Vardhan has been appointed Chairman of the ‘Stop TB Partnership’ Board for a three-year term commencing from July 2021.
Stop TB Partnership
The Stop TB Partnership is a unique international body with the power to align actors all over the world in the fight against .... Read More
Echo and Bifrost Cables
Facebook and Google are planning to build new cables under the sea called 'Echo' and 'Bifrost' to connect the US to Singapore and Indonesia. While Google is only investing in Echo, Facebook is investing in both cables.These cables will increase overall transpacific capacity by 70 per cent .... Read More
Flight Test of Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet
DRDO successfully carried out a flight demonstration based on Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) technology from Integrated Test Range Chandipur off the coast of Odisha on March 05, 2021.
This technology has provided DRDO with a technological advantage which will enable it to develop .... Read More
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has completed development of a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) capable of producing extremely high-resolution images for a joint earth observation satellite mission with the U.S. space agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) is a joint collaboration for a dual-frequency L and S-band .... Read More
Recently ISRO successfully demonstrated free-space Quantum Communication over a distance of 300 metres, for the first time in the country.
According to ISRO, a number of key technologies were developed indigenously to accomplish this major feat, which included the use of indigenously developed NAVIC receiver for time synchronization between the .... Read More
For the first time, astronomers have detected a powerful, 600 mile wide(1,000 kilometres) hurricane of plasma in Earth's upper atmosphere, a phenomenon they're calling a "space hurricane."
The space hurricane, a mysterious fuzzy patch of aurora lights, raged for nearly 8 hours on Aug. 20, 2014, swirling hundreds of miles .... Read More
A group of scientists at AgriGenome Labs in Kerala’s Kochi city has used the popular genome editing technology - CRISPR Cas9 - to change the colour of tomato to yellow and improve its traits. Such mutations could occur naturally, but it may take several years.
The research led by AgriGenome Labs, .... Read More
A fire which started in the Similipal biosphere reserve area in February was brought under control in March.
The Similipal forest reserve area frequently witnesses forest fires during dry weather conditions.
Forest fire is the uncontrolled fire that destroys the biodiversity and the ecology of large parts of the forest. It .... Read More
On the occasion of World Water Day (March 22) , Prime Minister launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain campaign.
Catch the Rain
Catch the Rain is a Jan Andolan campaign which aims to take water conservation at the grass-roots level through people’s participation and intends to accelerate water conservation across .... Read More
Sundari, a tigress shifted as part of India’s first inter-state translocation project in 2018 from Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh) to Satkosia Tiger Reserve (Odisha) has returned home.
Tiger Relocation Project
The tiger relocation project was initiated in 2018 wherein two big cats, a male (Mahavir) from Kanha Tiger Reserve and a female (Sundari) .... Read More
National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) has established seven Regional Cum Facilitation Centres (RCFCs) in different regions of the country.
Government Initiatives for Promoting Herbal Cultivation
Ministry of Finance has announced Rs. 4000 crore package under Atma Nirbhar Bharat for Promotion of Herbal Cultivation.
The Ministry of AYUSH has prepared a draft scheme namely .... Read More
The Prime Minister recently addressed the third edition of the annual conference of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI).
Highlights of the Conference
The Prime Minister elaborated on following key priority areas:
First, CDRI must embody the central promise of the Sustainable Development Goals, that is, "leave no one behind". This .... Read More
The United Nations celebrates March 21 as the International Day of Forests , commemorating the green cover around the world and reiterating its importance.
The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed March 21 as the International Day of Forests (IDF) in 2012.
The Day is celebrated by the United Nations Forum on Forests .... Read More
Nearly 70 years after the cheetah was declared locally extinct or extirpated, India will receive its first batch of the large cats from Africa by the end of this year.
This is the first time in the world that a large carnivore will be relocated from one continent to another.
Time Line .... Read More
The new assessments by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has put African elephants living in forests in the critically endangered category and the African savanna elephant as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Previously, African elephants were treated as a single species, listed as Vulnerable; .... Read More
Recently central government’s flagship scheme Jal Jeevan Mission rolled out a framework and guidelines for testing, monitoring and surveillance of drinking water quality as well as a Water Quality Information Management System (WQMIS), an online portal that provides detailed information on laboratories for this purpose.
The guidelines have been prepared in .... Read More
On 4th March, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released the Food Waste Index Report 2021.
The report looks at food waste that occurs in retail outlets, restaurants and homes – counting both food and inedible parts and presents the most comprehensive food waste data collection, analysis and modelling.
The index was .... Read More
According to the latest report of the Central Pollution Control Board, there are 112 sites in India contaminated by toxic and hazardous substances.
Besides, there are 168 Probably Contaminated sites that may be contaminated but require investigation and confirmation
Odisha tops the list with 23 contaminated sites, followed by Uttar Pradesh (21) .... Read More
Beijing was shrouded in thick brown dust in mid-March. Pollution levels were sent soaring as heavy winds blew in from the Gobi desert and parts of north-western China. The meteorological department called it the biggest sandstorm in a decade.
Heavy winds brought in sand from Inner Mongolia to the provinces of .... Read More
Flamingos, pelicans and some other species are yet to leave the Chilika lake in Odisha despite the early onset of summer in the state, even as most waterfowl have left the area.
The flamingos and pelicans generally come to Chilika during late winter. While pelicans start their journey with the onset .... Read More
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) recently informed the parliament that over Rs 1,000 crore has been released for the conservation of 157 wetlands in the country under the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems (NPCA).
Threats to Water Bodies
The NPCA is .... Read More
On 26th March, representatives of state pollution control boards, urban local bodies and Institutes of Repute signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for 132 identified cities to implement city-specific action plans under the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP).
The NCAP is a long-term, time-bound, national level strategy to tackle air pollution .... Read More
Nag River Pollution Abatement Project Recently government approved the Nag River Pollution Abatement Project in order to treat the sewage and industrial waste flowing into the river in Nagpur, the city named after the river. The project has been approved under the National River Conservation .... Read More
World Energy Transitions Outlook
The World Energy Transitions Outlook report has been brought out by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
The report proposes energy transition solutions for the narrow pathway available to contain the rise of temperature to 1.5°C and halt global warming.
The window of opportunity to achieve the 1.5°C Paris .... Read More
On March 11, the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) issued the draft Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules, 2021 for handling India’s plastic waste.
It has extended the applicability of the rules to brand-owner, plastic waste processor, including the recycler, co-processor, etc.
It will also include new .... Read More
On the occasion of World Water Day on March 22, a memorandum of agreement was signed between Union Minister of Jal Shakti and the chief ministers of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh to implement the Ken-Betwa Link Project (KBLP).
Ken-Betwa Link Project
It is the first project under the National Perspective Plan .... Read More
The draft Coastal Zone Management Plan (CZMP) has stoked a controversy in Goa after the draft met with criticism from locals, environmentalists and political parties.
Some of the issues with the draft are- 30 day duration to respond to the draft contrary to the 60-day limit provided by the Environment Protection .... Read More
Italy has signed the International Solar Alliance under the amended ISA Framework Agreement. The amendments to the Framework Agreement of the ISA entered into force, opening its Membership to all Member States of the UN.
International Solar Alliance
The International Solar Alliance was launched jointly by the Indian Prime Minister and the .... Read More
Justice NV Ramana
Justice NV Ramana has been appointed as the 48th CJI (48th) by the President with effect from April 24, 2021, and will retire on August 26, 2022.
Samia Suluhu Hassan
Vice President Samia Suluhu Hassan has become the first female president of Tanzania.
After the recent death of President John .... Read More
Tirath Singh Rawat
Tirath Singh Rawat has been appointed as the new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand after the resignation of Trivendra Singh Rawat.
On 17th March, 2021 Kuldiep Singh has been appointed as the director general (DG) of CRPF after incumbent chief A P Maheshwari’s retirement.
On 18th March, Indian Police .... Read More
Walter Anthony Gustavo Pinto
Lieutenant General Walter Anthony Gustavo Pinto has passed away on 25 March 2021.
He last served as the 8th General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Central Command.
As a major general, he led the 54th Infantry Division on the western front in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, for which .... Read More
Jharkhand Govt. launches SAAMAR Campaign
The Govt. of Jharkhand has launched SAAMAR (Strategic Action for Alleviation of Malnutrition and Anemia Reduction) campaign to tackle malnutrition.
The campaign aims to identify anemic women and malnourished children; and to converge various departments to effectively deal with the problem in a state where malnutrition has .... Read More
‘Shantir Ogroshena -2021’
Indian Army will participate in a multinational military exercise namely SHANTIR OGROSHENA -2021 in Bangladesh along with contingents of Bhutan, Sri Lankan and Bangladesh Armies.
The nine days exercise will start on the 4th April 2021 to commemorate the birth centenary Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and mark glorious 50 .... Read More
Foundation Laid for Conservation of Singorgarh Fort
The President of India laid the foundation stone for the conservation works of Singorgarh Fort in Singrampur village of Damoh district in Madhya Pradesh.
It was a fort and a residence of Rajgond rulers of Gondwana Kingdom in Central India.
Before coming in hand of .... Read More
Global Gender Gap Report 2021
India has slipped 28 places to rank 140 among 156 countries in the Global Gender Gap Report 2021. In 2020, India ranked 112th among 153 countries.
Iceland has topped the index as the most gender-equal country in the world. Afghanistan is the worst-performing country in the report.
India .... Read More
Russia has registered the world’s first coronavirus vaccine for animals.
Called Carnivak-Cov, the vaccine was developed by scientists at the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, also known as Rosselkhoznadzor.
Troops from Pune-headquartered Southern Command of the Indian Army have launched ‘Operation Thiruvallur’ in Tamil Nadu for the safe disposal .... Read More
Gandhi Peace Prize
The Gandhi Peace Prize for the past two years (2019 and 2020) were conferred on late Omani Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said and Bangladeshi leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman respectively.
Late Sultan Qaboos is being recognised for his “unparalleled vision and leadership” in strengthening India-Oman relations and his efforts .... Read More
Virat Kohli: He became the first batsman to reach 3,000 runs in T20 internationals.
Bhavani Devi: She is India’s first ever fencer to qualify for the Olympics (Tokyo 2021).
Smriti Mandhana: The left-handed Indian batswoman has become the first-ever cricketer, male or female, to smash 10 consecutive scores of 50 or .... Read More
The security landscape in the Indo-Pacific region has experienced significant changes in the last few decades. The increasing assertiveness of China in the South and East China Sea, border standoff with India in the Eastern Ladakh along with the nuclear missile experiments conducted by North Korea, has generated great concern .... Read More
In India’s fight against the pandemic, the Centre-States relations have witnessed/witnessing frictions regarding vital decisions.Political scuffle over key issues like declaration of the nationwide lockdown without the consultation of the States, the irregular supply of essential medical equipment, the plight of the migrant workers and the tackling of the crisis .... Read More
Marine Ecosystems are aquatic environments with high levels of dissolved salt in contrast to freshwater ecosystem. Marine ecosystems are found near the shores and not on land. Marine ecosystems are defined by their unique biotic (living) and abiotic (nonliving) factors. Biotic factors include plants, animals, and microbes while important abiotic .... Read More
National Forest Policy
India’s forests are currently governed by the National Forest Policy, 1988.
The principal aim of National Forest Policy, 1988 is to ensure environmental stability and maintenance of ecological balance including atmospheric equilibrium which are vital for sustenance of all life forms, human, animal and plant.
Objectives of National Forest Policy
Maintenance .... Read More
National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)
In June 2008, India announced its National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
Climate change is one of the most critical global challenges of our times. Recent events have emphatically demonstrated our growing vulnerability to climate change. Climate change impacts will range from affecting agriculture .... Read More
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.
UNEP defines Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as a tool used to identify the environmental, social and .... Read More
Biological Diversity Act 2002
The Biodiversity Act - 2002 primarily addresses issues of conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of biological resources in the country, issue related to access to genetic resources and associated knowledge and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from utilization of biological resources to the country .... Read More
The term sustainability was first used in 1987 in Brundtland Commission (World Commission on Environment and Development) report- Our Common Future.
Sustainable development is defined as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It calls for concerted .... Read More
The World Health Organisation (WHO) says that polluted water is water whose composition has been changed to the extent that it is unusable.
In other words, it is toxic water that cannot be drunk or used for essential purposes like agriculture, and which also causes diseases like diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, .... Read More
Disaster Management is a strategic planning and procedure that is administered and employed to protect critical infrastructures or critical assets from severe damage when natural or human made calamities and catastrophic event occur.
The International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies defines disaster management as the organisation and management .... Read More