In the Constitution the office of Governor was constituted (Article 153) to stand as a bulwark against secessionism as well as to provide legislative expertise to the newly formed states. The constitutional fathers intentionally created adversarial relationship between the Governor and Chief Minister so as to ensure the letter and spirit of the constitution is followed. However political immaturity has always resulted in conflict between the two constitutional posts.
Though the Collegium System was instituted in the Third Judges Case (1998) to ensure the separation of powers between the executive and judiciary and to maintain independence of the judiciary, some recent decisions taken by the Supreme Court has highlighted the flaws of collegium system.
Ayodhya was an age old problem which created social tension among Hindus and Muslims. It was a hurdle in effective integration between the two religious groups. The place where Babri mosque is located was claimed to be the birthplace of Lord Ram which created social unrest. Ayodhya verdict and measures by government ensured that the centuries old matter is solved and effective social integration took place.
On 1st Oct, 2019, the Supreme Court recalled its directions in a March 20, 2018 verdict that had effectively diluted provisions of arrest under the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 (SC/ST Act).
The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 has been passed by the Parliament and got Presidential assent on 5 December, 2019.
The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Fourth Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by Parliament on January 8, 2019.
State of the Education Report for India: Children with Disabilities report has been released by the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and highlights accomplishments and challenges with regard to the right to education of children with disabilities (CWDs).
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) (Amendment) Bill was passed by both houses of parliament and got presidential accent on 5th August, 2019. It aims to combat rising cases of child sex abuse in the country.