( Hriday Bhandari, B.A. (Pol Science), Dehradun, Via: E-Mail )
Dear Hriday, we assume that you have covered your syllabus and given requisite amount of revisions. So, here we will be focusing only on answer writing techniques.
First Step: Address the Question - This is the most important aspect but unfortunately also the most ignored aspect of answer writing. We are in so much hurry to write that we often jump the gun. We tend to just look at the ‘One Word’ which looks similar to us and start writing down. In the end we write what we know rather than what is asked. Thus, break-down the question in parts as needed, and analyse what the examiner demands from you. Once you've done this, stick to the demand of the question.
Second Step: Introduction - Don't beat around the bush. Hit the bull’s eye by directly tackling the question. In order to make your answer sound and homogenous, think about the conclusion in the very beginning and in the end your conclusion should reflect the introduction. This makes an answer holistic.
Third Step: Body of the Answer - This must form at least 80% of your answer. This portion is the test of your knowledge on subject matter. Writing vague answers may end you up in losing marks. Don't write wrong facts or quotes, it will put a negative impression on checker and he/she will be cynical throughout the paper checking. Write in innovative and appealing manner. You can make use of some illustrations, figures, charts, etc. Support information, fact by the relevant Report (Census Report, Forest Survey, HDI Report, World Bank Report and so on). In case of conventional subjects like History, Geography, Polity try to establish inter-subject and intra-subject linkages. It shows that you have understood the subject holistically and your analytical abilities.
Fourth Step: Conclusion - Conclusion should be linked to the introduction to achieve the thematic homogeneity of the answer.
Fifth Step: Share Words of Wisdom - When most aspirants would stop here, there is a fifth step in this process - share words of wisdom- link with words of Preamble, constitutional provisions like Liberty, Justice, Freedom of Information, etc. Give a futuristic view.