Civil Services Chronicle December 2020

Parliament Q & A

Map Study

On the Hot Seat

Jacinda Ardern Jacinda Ardern has been elected as the Prime Minister of New Zealandfor the second consecutive three-year term. Her Labour Party won the election in a landslide victory against the National Party, led by Judith Collins. Wavel Ramkalawan An Indian-origin priest whose grandfather came from Gopalganj, Bihar - Wavel Ramkalawan - has been .... Read More

Rajiv Kumar Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman (VC) of NITI Aayog will head the NITI Aayog constituted 14-member advisory committee to evaluate the reforms in the urban planning education system. Harish Kumar and Umesh Sinha Harish Kumar and Umesh Sinha are the two members of the committee constituted by the Election Commission of .... Read More
Faces Only in Memory

Mario Molina Mario José Molina-Pasquel Henríquez, a Mexican chemist who played a pivotal role in the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, and was a co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his role in noting the threat to the Earth's ozonelayer from chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) gases has passed away. He .... Read More
States in News

Disturbed Areas Act President Ram NathKovind has given his assent to the amended Disturbed Areas Act passed by Gujarat Legislative Assembly in 2019 to stop polarisation and keep a check on attempts to cause any “demographic imbalance”. Under the Disturbed Areas Act, a District Collector can notify a particular area of a .... Read More
Places in News

Lucerne-Burgenstock The World Economic Forum will hold its Annual Meeting 2021 in Lucerne-Burgenstock, Switzerland, as against the traditional venue of the ski resort town, Davos. Nazca Lines Peru’s famous Nazca Lines, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its depictions of larger-than-life animals, plants and imaginary beings called geoglyphs was in news recently .... Read More
Organisations in News

Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals India Ltd (GSFC) Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals India Ltd (GSFC) is the first company in India to manufacture Calcium Nitrate and Boronated Calcium Nitrate- fertilizers that were solely imported by India. Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) It is a military alliance formed by six member countries- Armenia, .... Read More

Exercise Malabar It is an annual naval exercise which began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the U.S; Japan joined in 2015; and now Australia will join this in November 2020 edition. Bongosagar The second edition of India-Bangladesh naval exercise – Bongosagar - was held in Northern Bay of Bengal. Stand-off .... Read More

“Stacked Odds”: UN Report on Modern Slavery On the occasion of International Day of the Girl Child, 2020 (11 October), the United Nations(UN) released a report titled “Stacked Odds” that highlights the scenario around the globe on modern slavery. Modern slavery is defined as the recruitment, movement, harbouring or receiving of children, .... Read More

India’s First Sand Dune Parks India’s first sand dune parks are set to be developed in Goa. The World Bank has sanctioned around Rs.3 crore for the same. A dune is a mound of sand formed by the wind, usually along the beach or in a desert. A collection of dunes is .... Read More
World of Awards

Nobel Prize 2020 Field Winner For Given By Physiology or Medicine Harvey J. Alter (USA) Michael Houghton (UK) Charles M. Rice (USA) The discovery of Hepatitis C virus Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute Physics Roger Penrose (UK) >Reinhard Genzel (Germany) Andrea Ghez (USA) Their work on blackhole formation and the discovery of a supermassive blackhole at the centre of our galaxy Royal Swedish Academy .... Read More
World of Sports

Tennis French Open 2020 The French Open is a Grand Slam tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was held at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. Major Titles Women’s Singles Poland's Iga Swiatek defeated American Sofia Kenin to win the 2020 French Open for her first Grand Slam singles title. The 19-year-old Swiatek, .... Read More
India’s Water Woes

Introduction From taps running dry to flooding, 30 cities in India could face dramatically increased “water risks" by 2050 unless urgent actions are taken to mitigate and adapt to climate change, according to the scenarios in the WWF Water Risk Filter report. Cities across India have been facing acute shortage of .... Read More
Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A threat to Regional Security&Energy Markets

Introduction Nagorno-Karabakh is a territorial and ethnic conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Central Asia over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding districts, which are controlled by Armenia in reality. However, it is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan ignored the norms established by the OSCE and the .... Read More
Right to Protest in India

Recently, parliament of India passed,three farm bills amid massive protests by farmers across many states. Similar upsurge of protests had followed the passage of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). Such incidents raise the question about the status of public protests in India. Also, the Supreme Court has delivered its verdict on .... Read More
Carbon Tax and India

Recently, China, the largest carbon dioxide emitter in the world has announced to balance out its carbon emissions with specific measures to offset them before 2060. With this, the spotlight is on the U.S. and India, ranking second and third in emissions. Also, India ranks fifth in the Global Climate .... Read More
Model Solved Paper Mains 2020


Case Study

Biodiversity Conservation

Introduction Biodiversity has taken centre stage in the planning and strategy of environmental and conservation bodies throughout the world. The term incorporates biological, geographical and human attributes which deserve some explanation before considering how biodiversity can be conserved. Biodiversity may be defined as the variety and variability of living organisms and the .... Read More
Geographical Analysis of Pollution in North India

Introduction For years, air pollution in India was seen as a problem largely for New Delhi, especially after the World Health Organization put India’s capital atop its list of most polluted global cities in 2014. The World Health Organization in 2018 updated list of most polluted cities globally on the basis .... Read More
Rights and Responsibilities of Civil Servants

Introduction India is a constitution driven nation and its operations usually dependupon four supports that include Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, and Press. Each one of these has been assigned its role in democratic establishment. Civil Servants are considered as the backbone of the administration. In order to ensure the progress of the .... Read More
Rights vs Duties

Introduction Rights and duties go hand in hand. One's rights becomes another's duty and vice-versa. Out of the two which takes precedence is always a point of debate. According to Harold Laski, one man’s right is also his duty.Generally, a duty is an obligation and a right is an entitlement. The rights .... Read More
Wildlife Conservation in India

Introduction Wildlife resources constitute a vital link in the survival of the human species and have been a subject of much fascination, interest, and research all over the world. Wildlife involves the study of wild undomesticated animals and plants living in their natural habitats and their ecological interactions. Wildlife is defined under .... Read More
Intellectual Property Rights in India

Introduction In times of the coronavirus pandemic, while the world strives to restore a semblance of normalcy, the field of intellectual property continued to witness some interesting updates in the country. Recently, the Delhi High Court continued with its trend of passing dynamic injunction orders against rogue websites indulging in online .... Read More
Defence Sectorin India

Introduction The existing and emerging security scenario, both global and regional, requires the Armed Forces to maintain a high degree of preparedness across the entire spectrum of conflict. Identifying and developing the capabilities required by the Armed Forces to maintain the decisive edge will be the cornerstone of future defence planning. The .... Read More
Examining the Utility of Article 142

The Indian Judiciary and the constitution of India believe that every citizen of India must get “complete justice”. The Constitution of India under Article 142 grants the power to the Supreme Court for passing any decree to do “complete justice”. And since past few years, Article 142 has become a .... Read More