On 2nd April, 2020, the Centre launched new features on the electronic national agriculture market (e-NAM) platform to make it more convenient for farmers to sell their produce at warehouses and collection centres set up by farmer producer organisations (FPOs).
The features have been launched at the time when there is .... Read More
Central Government is making concerted efforts to facilitate farmers in direct marketing and assure better returns for their harvested produce during lockdown period..The States have been requested to promote the concept of ‘Direct marketing’ to facilitate farmers/ group of farmers/FPOs/ Cooperatives in selling their produce to bulk buyers/big retailers/processors etc.
Various .... Read More
Kashmir saffronhas been given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indications Registry.
The spiceis cultivated and harvested in the Karewa (highlands) of Jammu and Kashmir including Pulwama, Budgam, Kishtwar and Srinagar.
The unique characteristics of Kashmir saffron are its longer and thicker stigmas, natural deep-red colour, high aroma, bitter .... Read More
With no quick escape in sight for Covid-ravaged economies, authorities the world over are going back to the drawing board to find strategies to deal with this nightmare. In India, Telangana chief minister suggested printing of currency and called for implementing a ‘Helicopter Money’ scheme.
Telengana CM urged theCentre to .... Read More
In the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, India is working with the United States to secure a dollar swap line that would help in better management of its external account and provide extra cushion in the event of an abrupt outflow of funds.
Current Status of India’s Foreign Exchange Reserves
As .... Read More
On 16th April, 2020, the Government of India in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds.
About the SGB Scheme
The Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme was launched under the Gold Monetisation Scheme in the year 2015.
The Gold Monetisation Scheme was introduced to replace the existing .... Read More
The rate-setting Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) will be meeting five times in FY21, against seven in FY20. Usually, the MPC meets six times a year. But, in FY20, it had an extra meeting in view of the pandemic and the urgent need to assess the current and evolving macroeconomic situation.
About .... Read More
On 25th April, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on announced a special liquidity facility of Rs 50,000 crore to ease the liquidity strain on mutual funds, which had intensified due to redemption pressures sparked by the closure of some debt schemes.
Need for Special Liquidity Facility
The trigger for the .... Read More
On 29th April, 2020, the Task Force on National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP), headed by the economic affairs secretary Atanu Chakraborty submitted its Final Report on NIP for FY 2019-25 to the government.
The Summary Report of the Task Force on National Infrastructure Pipeline for 2019-2025 has already been released by the .... Read More
On 30th April, 2020, the government launched the Bank of Schemes, Ideas, Innovation and Research portal on Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises(MSMEs).
About the Portal
The Portal gives access to all Schemes of Union, State and UT Governments.
It has the provision for uploading Ideas, Innovations & Researches in the sector.
The portal .... Read More
The government is fast tracking a plan to implement electronic Bill of Lading (eBL) as it looks at ways to facilitate business continuity by removing hurdles in the trade documentation process in a post-coronavirus world where the current hard-copy based format could pose a huge risk to the smooth flow .... Read More
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has urged states to set up renewable energy (RE) equipment manufacturing parks to meet domestic demand as well as make India a global production hub.
To meet the domestic demands as well as to attract firms shifting base from China amid COVID-19 pandemic .... Read More
Madhuban Gajar, a biofortified carrot variety with high β-carotene and iron content developed by Vallabhhai Vasrambhai Marvaniya, a farmer scientist from Junagadh district, Gujarat is benefitting more than 150 local farmers in the area.
The variety is being cultivated in more than 1000 hectares of land in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West .... Read More
On 17th April, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), announced a 60% increase in the Ways and Means Advances (WMA) limit of state governments over and above the level as on March 31,2020,with a view to enabling them “to undertake COVID-19 containment and mitigation efforts” and “to better plan .... Read More
On 17th April, 2020, the Central government launched the Kisan Rath Mobile App that will facilitate farmers and traders to identify suitable transport facilities for the movement of farm produce during coronavirus lockdown.
Developed by the National Informatics Centre, theapp will facilitate farmers and traders in searching for transport vehicles for .... Read More
The commerce ministry has designed an online platform for issuance of Certificate Of Origin (CoO), with a view to facilitate shipments during the COVID-19 crisis.
The platform has been designed as a single-point access for all Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)/Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs), for all designated CoOissuing agencies and for all .... Read More
The Tablighi Jamaat, an Islamic organisation, has been at the centre of controversy after hundreds of people who attended a religious congregation organised by the group at its headquarters in Delhi in March and those who came in their contact across the country, tested positive for COVID-19.
Tablighi Jamaat, which .... Read More
The Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) is celebrated its 70th Foundation Day on 9th April 2020. However, the grand celebrations planned earlier are now postponed by a year in the wake of COVID-19.
Indian Council for Cultural Relations
ICCR is an autonomous organisation of government of India which was founded in .... Read More
Odisha’s Ganjam district administration banned the Meru Jatra festival and congregations related to it at temples on the occasion of Mahavishub Sankranti recently.
Meru Jatra marks the end of the 21-day-long festival of penance named ‘Danda Nata’.
•Danda Nata is celebrated in the month of ‘Chaitra’ (the first month of .... Read More
Uncertain about their future since lockdown, the Pattachitra Artists of Raghurajpur, the heritage crafts village in Puri District of Odisha want virtual platform to sell their artwork as tourists, the foundation of livelihood of villagers, are no longer welcomed. Making of Pattachitras, traditional paintings in which mythological, religious stories and .... Read More
The Union Culture Ministry released a draft list of 106 items listed as intangible cultural heritage recently seeking public comment.
13 traditions of Indian intangible cultural heritage have already been recognised by UNESCO and the national list is an attempt to further awareness and protection to more such elements.
The initiative .... Read More
Recently nihangs came into the national limelight when a group of nihangs chopped off hand of a police officer in Patiala, Punjab when stopped for a curfew pass and for the subsequent seizure of weapons and narcotics.
Nihang is an order of Sikh warriors, characterised by blue robes, antiquated arms .... Read More
The Union Cabinet recently approved a 30% cut in the salaries of all Members of Parliament and a two-year suspension of the MP Local Area Development (MPLAD) scheme so that the amount saved can go to the Consolidated Fund of India to fight COVID-19.
Highlights of the Cabinet Decision
The Cabinet, .... Read More
Recently, many state governments invoked National Security Act, 1980 against those offenders who were attacking doctors, nurses, police etc fulfilling their duties in the fight against COVID-19.
National Security Act, 1980
The National Security Act (NSA) is a preventive detention law which was promulgated on September 23, 1980.
It empowers the Centre .... Read More
After revoking the special Status of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 on August 6, 2019 , Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) amended a 2010 legislation — the Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services (Decentralisation and Recruitment Act) on March 31 by substituting the term “permanent residents” with “domiciles of J&K.”
On .... Read More
In its April 22nd verdict, a five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court held it unconstitutional to provide 100% reservation for tribal teachers in schools located in Scheduled Areas across the country.The five-judge Bench was answering a reference made to it in 2016 on whether 100% reservation is permissible under .... Read More
The Supreme Court recently modified its April 8 order which asked private labs to conduct free COVID-19 tests and said the benefit will be available only to "economically weaker sections" who are covered under a government scheme such as the Ayushman Bharat. The top court said it never intended to .... Read More
Supreme Court gave the landmark Kesavananda Bharti vs State of Kerala verdict forty seven years ago on 24th April 1973.This judgement is hailed for giving us the famous doctrine of basic structure of the Constitution which has time and again prevented many constitutional crises.
Keshavananda Bharti Verdict
Since the Indian Constitution was .... Read More
The government has launched a special digital platform iGOT for training and capacity building of healthcare staff including doctors, nurses, paramedics, hygiene workers and technicians, stepping up efforts to fight the coronavirus pandemic.
The Centre has constituted 11 Empowered Groups to formulate plans and provide effective solutions to address the challenges .... Read More
Amidst theCorona virus pandemic a constitutional crisis is looming large in Maharashtra over the continuation of Uddhav Thackeray as the Chief Minister without becoming a legislator within six months after taking oath.
Constitutional Issues ahead for Maharashtra Government
Violation of Article 164: Uddhav, who took oath on November 28 as the CM .... Read More
The Innovation Cell of the Ministry of Human Resources Development and All India Council for Technical Education in collaboration with Forge and InnovatioCuris launched a mega online challenge - SAMADHAN - to test the ability of students to innovate.
The students participating in this challenge will search and develop such measures .... Read More
Governor’s rule was imposed in Assam’s Bodoland Territorial Area Districts (BTAD) on 27th April as the term of 40-member Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) expired without an election being held due to COVID-19 pandemic.On March 11, the State Election Commission had declared holding of the BTC election on April 4 but .... Read More
Recently, a Delhi-based Human Rights body, Rights and Risks Analysis Group, has sought Prime Minister’s intervention in ensuring food for the Chakma and Hajong communities in Arunachal Pradesh who have allegedly not been included in the government’s economic package.
The Human Rights Organisation claims that the Chakmas and Hajongs do not .... Read More
Prices of benchmark United States crude turned negative on 22nd April, dropping as low as -$40.32 per barrel before settling in the negative thirties. Oil prices have suffered their biggest fall since the day in 1991 when American forces launched air strikes on Iraqi troops following their invasion of Kuwait.
Why .... Read More
The President of United States of America halted US funding to the World Health Organization (WHO), days after he said the international group had “missed the call” on the coronavirus pandemic. US has accused the body and had “called it wrong” on COVID-19. It states that it was very “China .... Read More
India recently revised its Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy with the objective of preventing “opportunistic takeovers” of firms hit by the lockdown induced by the COVID-19 outbreak. The move has upset China, which has termed it a violation of international trade principles.
Features of the Amendment
The government said firms in neighbouring .... Read More
The recently releasedCommodity Markets Outlook report of World Bank says that as countries around the world contend with the health emergency of the COVID-19 pandemic, the economic effects of suspending almost all activity have immediately impacted the world’s commodity markets and are likely to continue to affect them for months .... Read More
An international alliance of UN, governmental, and nongovernmental agencies, and Global Network Against Food Crises working to address the root causes of extreme hunger has released a new edition of their annual Global Report on Food Crises.
Key Findings of the Global Report on Food Crises
The report indicates that at the .... Read More
Border Roads Organisation (BRO) constructed a bridge over Subansiri river in Arunachal Pradesh in a record span of just 27 days. The bridge is of utmost importance in strategic connectivity as it links roads leading upto the LAC (Line of Actual Control )between India and China.
Amidst the nationwide lockdown, .... Read More
Finance Minister of India appreciated efforts of New Development Bank on fast tracking of financial assistance of about five billion dollars to BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries including Emergency Assistance of one billion dollar to India to combat COVID-19 pandemic.
India has pitched for enhancing the .... Read More
Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs, participated in the 2nd Extraordinary G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBG) meeting under the Saudi Arabian Presidency on 31st March, to discuss the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy and coordinate efforts in response to this global challenge.
G20 .... Read More
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) made its updated projection in a trade and development report that was released on 22nd April.
Key Features of the Report
According to the report, released by the UNCTAD, titled ‘The COVID-19 Shock to Developing Countries — “Towards a ‘whatever it takes’ programme .... Read More
Recently theFinance Minister of India said that the country could not support a general allocation of new Special Drawing Rights by the International Monetary Fund because it might not be effective in easing coronavirus-driven financial pressures.
Cause of Concern
India is concerned that such a major liquidity injection could produce potentially costly .... Read More
Recently, President of the United States signed an executive order, temporarily banning immigration into the US to protect jobs for American workers. The US government has said it would allow non-immigrant visa holders, such as those on the H1-B visa, to apply for an extension of their stay in the .... Read More
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) Astrogeology Science Center in collaboration with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Lunar & Planetary Institute (LPI) has released the latest comprehensive geologic map of the Moon.
Unified Geologic Map of the Moon
Called the ‘Unified Geologic Map of the Moon’, it represents the .... Read More
In a significant new study, a team of scientists has been able to solve the mystery of hot upper atmosphere of Saturn, and possibly other gas giants like Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune. The Sun is too far from these planets to cause the heating. Therefore, it remained to be known .... Read More
The result of a long drawn survey led by the Carnegie Institution for Science, published recently, has revealed fresh insights into the formation and growth of the universe.
The Carnegie-Spitzer-IMACS Redshift Survey- an experiment spanning a decade- observed tens of thousands of galaxies using the Magellan Baade Telescope at Carnegie's .... Read More
A team of scientists, while reviewing old observations from NASA’s Kepler space telescope, has recently discovered an Earth-size exoplanet, Kepler-1649c.
Robovetter, the computer algorithm developed to sort through the massive amounts of data from the Kepler spacecraft, had mislabelled the exoplanet but researchers reviewing Kepler data correctly identified it.
Named Kepler-1649c, the .... Read More
In a significant development, a team of scientists has discovered a novel mechanism of suppression which inhibits cancer-specific immune responses and developed new methods of activating the immune cells against cancer.
Mechanism of Suppression
In patients with tumor, the ability of the immune system (especially the CD8+ T cells) to eliminate cancer .... Read More
Recently, the Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) has been selected as one of the Biological Knowledge and Resource Centre of the Indian Initiative on Earth BioGenome Sequencing (IIEBS).
IIEBS is a nationwide project to decode the genetic information of all known species of plants and animals in .... Read More
An international team of scientists has detected gravitational waves emanating from the first ever merger of two binary black holes of unequal masses.
GW190412: The Merger
The event, named GW190412, involved two black holes of unequal masses coalescing.
One of the black holes was 30 times the mass of the Sun whereas the .... Read More
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, an Institute of National Importance under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), has developed Chitra GeneLAMP-N, a diagnostic test kit and Chitra Magna, an innovative RNA extraction kit to carry out detection of COVID-19.
The kit enables confirmatory diagnostic test, .... Read More
In their fight against COVID-19, many countries have been utilizing the prowess of supercomputers to expedite research and information processing in order to consolidate their efforts.
Role of Supercomputers
One of the basic premises as to how supercomputers are helpful in fighting COVID-19 is the huge volume of data that is generated .... Read More
Scientists from the University of Sheffield have shed new light on the structure of bacterial cell wall in a study which has important implications for combating antimicrobial resistance.Scientists produced the first high-resolution images which revealed, in great detail, a new and unexpected structure of the outer bacterial layers of the .... Read More
A Mobile Virology Research and Diagnostics Laboratory (MVRDL) has been developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in collaboration with some other institutions.The first of such Mobile Viral Research Lab (MVRL) that will speed up COVID-19 screening and related R&D activities was developed by Research Centre Imarat (RCI), the .... Read More
Chandigarh based Council of Scientific & Industrial Research-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIR-CSIO) has designed and developed an innovative technology that promises effective disinfection and sanitization as a preventive measure against the COVID-19 pandemic.Based on the electrostatic principle, the Electrostatic Disinfection Machine produces uniform and fine spray of charged droplets of .... Read More
A team of scientists from the Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), Mohali (Punjab), an autonomous institute under the Department of Science & Technology (DST), has developed computer-based designs of nanomaterials with super-high piezoelectricity (generation of electricity in certain materials upon application of pressure) which can pave the way .... Read More
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), have discovered hundreds of Li-rich giant stars indicating that Li is being produced in the stars and accounts for its abundance in the interstellar medium. They have also associated such Li enhancement with central He-burning stars, also known as red clump giants.Lithium .... Read More
Elon Musk's company SpaceX and NASA are working toward a May 27 launch date for Demo-2, which will send astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken to and from the International Space Station (ISS) aboard a Crew Dragon capsule.SpaceX is flying Demo-2 under a contract the company signed with NASA's Commercial .... Read More
Due to COVID-19 pandemic various state governments are using geofencing technology to keep an eye on people in Quarantine or assisting migrant workers with cash transfers.The Bihar government has made use of the geofencing technology to enable downloading of the weblink for registration by workers only outside the state.The Centre .... Read More
Due to Coronavirus pandemic, the government has recently issued an advisory (formulated by the Indian Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioner Engineers) related to setting the ideal range for temperature of air conditioners and maintaining relative humidity.Room Temperature: Set room temperature between 24 degrees Celsius and 30 degrees Celsius. .... Read More
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), an autonomous R&D Centre of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India and University of Hyderabad (UoH) together with the help of Mekins Industries Ltd. (MIL), have developed a UVC based disinfection trolley to fight against COVID-19 .... Read More
Amidst the pandemic, one of the silver linings that has been reported from across the world is that people are breathing cleaner air and are witness to clearer, more blue skies as human movement has been restricted due to lockdowns imposed by various countries. But while the air may be .... Read More
Scientists at the British Geological Survey (BGS) reported a change in the Earth’s seismic noise and vibrations amid the coronavirus lockdown. The findings have come two weeks after seismologists at the Royal Observatory in Belgium observed a 30-50 per cent fall in levels of ambient seismic noise since schools and .... Read More
India's 1.3 billion people are under complete lockdown in a bid to stem the spread of coronavirus, that has claimed over 3million lives across the world so far. During the lockdown, Section 188 of the Indian Penal Code has been widely invoked against those not following it. Persons violating the .... Read More
A newly discovered bright green pit viper discovered in the forests of Arunachal Pradesh has been named after Salazar Slytherin, one of the founding fathers of Hogwarts school from the wizarding world of Harry Potter. The name of the snake is Trimeresurus Salazar, meaning Salazar's pit viper.
Why is the snake .... Read More
As the coronavirus pandemic unfolds across the globe, threatening lives and upending the world economy, it’s also had a profound impact on the environment. If we pay a close eye to all that is happening around us owing to the spread of this virus, we will notice that all the .... Read More
To address unprecedented situation arising from global outbreak of Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19), and to ramp up availability or production of various drugs, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on 27th March 2020, has made an amendment to EIA Notification 2006.
All projects or activities in respect of bulk .... Read More
The National Green Tribunal directed a team, comprising the Centre and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), to supervise handling and scientific disposal of COVID-19 waste in accordance with the guidelines.
A bench headed by NGT Chairperson directed the Chief Secretary of States and Union Territories to closely monitor the .... Read More
A new study conducted by the University of Manchester, UK and Mahavir Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Phulwarisharif in Patna has found uranium contaminating the groundwater in 10 districts of Bihar.
Uranium concentrations are elevated mostly in the North West-South East band along and to the east of Gandak river .... Read More
Earth Day, was celebrated around the world on April 22nd to pledge support for environmental protection. The year 2020 marks the 50th anniversary of the annual celebrations. This year’s theme for Earth Day is ‘climate action’. In 2009, the United Nations designated April 22 as ‘International Mother Earth Day’.
Earth .... Read More
The European Union’s Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) announced that a hole in the Arctic ozone layer, believed to be the biggest reported, has closed. The hole formed earlier this year and reached its maximum size in March some 11 miles above the surface of the Earth.It was the largest .... Read More
Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Changestates that as the world is unitedly engaged in finding a vaccine for novel Coronavirus, likewise it should have climate technology as open source which must be available at affordable cost.
The first virtual Climate Dialogue, was the eleventh session of Petersberg Climate Dialogue .... Read More
There are very few countries which are completely unaffected from the COVID 19 pandemic; in this three Asian countries are North Korea, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan has a unique feature as it is said to have extremely poor healthcare conditions with ill-qualified, incapable workers. Turkmenistan has a history of suppressing .... Read More
Noted film Actor Irrfan Khan known for his work in Hindi cinema passed away on 29th Aril 2020 after two-year battle with neuroendocrine tumor, at the age of 53. He had also worked in British films and Hollywood.
Irfan received many awards throughout his career spanning 30 years and .... Read More
Dekho Apna Desh
The Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of India is organising a series of Webinars on the overall theme of ‘Dekho Apna Desh’.
The objective of these Webinars is to create awareness about and promote various tourism destinations of India – including the lesser known destinations and lesser known facets .... Read More
Animal rights body People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India has conferred Chief Minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik with ‘Hero to Animals Award’ for allocating funds to feed community animals in Odisha during the lockdown owing to the novel coronavirus pandemic.
Raghuram Rajan, the former RBI .... Read More
Sanjay Kothari has been appointed as the Central Vigilance Commissioner.
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is a statutory body.
It has the status of an autonomous body, free of control from any executive authority, charged with monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government, advising various authorities in central Government organizations in .... Read More
Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID)
India has shared nine whole genome sequences of the coronavirus with the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID).
Headquartered at Munich, Germany, the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data was created to promote international sharing of all influenza virus sequences related .... Read More
Switzerland has expressed solidarity with India in its fight against the coronavirus pandemic by projecting the tricolour on the Matterhorn Mountain in the Swiss Alps.
The Matterhorn is a mountain of the Alps situated on the border of Switzerland and Italy.
It is the sixth highest mountain in the Alps and .... Read More
Jeevan Shakti Yojana
Madhya Pradesh Government has launched the ‘Jeevan Shakti Yojana’. Under this scheme, women in urban areas can earn by making masks at home. The government will pay them Rs 11 per mask.
Women wishing to make masks will have to register themselves by calling on the Call Centre .... Read More
World Press Freedom Index 2020
India has dropped two places on a global press freedom index to be ranked 142nd out of 180 countries in the annual Reporters Without Borders analysis.
South Asia in general features poorly on the index, with Pakistan dropping three places to 145, and Bangladesh dropping one place .... Read More
ASEAN Special Summit
Vietnam is chairing a Special Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit via video-conference due to Coronavirus pandemic.
Headquartered in Jakarta, Indonesia, the ASEAN is a regional grouping of 10 countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, The Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Brunei, and Laos) which was established in 1967 with .... Read More
Official Mascots of 19th Asian Games
The official mascots of the 19th Asian Games (2022 Hangzhou Asian Games) are collectively known as the smart triplets- three robots - Congcong, Lianlian and Chenchen, which reflect the internet prowess of Hangzhou city and Zhejiang province.
The Olympic Council of Asia's 19th Asian Games .... Read More
On April 1, 1950, India became the first non-Communist country in Asia to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC). This year marks the 70thanniversary of diplomatic relation between the two countries.
Ancient Civilizations: India and China are two ancient civilizations, with a long history of .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Introduce with the general reason why there could be impact on rural areasBody: Enumerate all the possible impacts due to COVID-19Conclusion: Conclude with a possible solution to mitigate the adverse impact.
The national lockdown has severely affected lives and livelihoods across rural India. Agriculture and allied sectors employ more than half of the workforce in the country. A majority of India’s farmers (85%) are small and marginal farmers with less than two hectares of land. More than nine million active fishers directly depend on fisheries for their livelihood, 80% of which are small scale fishers; the sector .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Introduce by giving a brief summary as to how lockdown has impacted womenBody: Give the various aspects on how coronavirus has affected womenConclusion: Conclude with way forward
Women are already suffering the deadly impact of lockdowns and quarantines. These restrictions are essential, but they increase the risk of violence towards women trapped with abusive partners. Recent weeks have seen an alarming global surge in domestic violence; the largest support organisation in the U.K. reported a 700% increase in calls. At the same time, support services for women at risk face cuts and closures.
In terms of the direct .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Briefly define micro irrigation and its types.Body:Discuss micro irrigation benefits over traditional irrigation methods.Conclusion:Conclude by listing few government schemes to promote micro irrigation and the importance of micro-irrigation in agriculture.
Micro irrigation is an innovative water saving technology in which water is directly supplied to the crops with very less conveyance and evaporation losses. Hence, this technology boosts up overall water use efficiency. It helps to achieve higher cropping intensity and irrigation intensity through more focused application of water to crops.
Different types of systems are drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, micro-sprinkler, porous system, rain gun etc. The major .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Introduce it by giving current context of it.Body: Enlist what are the provisions of the bill and give arguments in favour and against itConclusion: Conclude with way forward
The National Medical Commission (NMC) Act 2019 repealed the existing Indian Medical Council Act, 1956, and replaced the Medical Council of India (MCI) with a new body — National Medical Commission.
Provisions of the Act
It set up a National Medical Commission with 33 members, to be appointed by the central government on the recommendation of a committee.
The members will include a chairperson, who must be a senior medical practitioner and .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Introduce it by giving the need for the and what it entailsBody: Give reasons in support of your viewConclusion: Conclude it with way forward
The Kamal Nath led Madhya Pradesh government ran into trouble recently after Congress leader Jyotiraditya Scindia defected to the BJP and took many MLAs with him. This is not the first time an opposition-run state government has suffered from defections.
Aaya Ram Gaya Ram was a phrase that became popular in Indian politics after a Haryana MLA Gaya Lal changed his party thrice within the same day in 1967.The anti-defection law sought to prevent .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Briefly define RTI and its objectives.Body:Discuss how RTI has enabled a culture of accountability and more informed citizens in India and analyse the various issues and loopholes in RTI related to the RTI act.Conclusion:Suggest measures needed to enhance the accountability under the RTI Act.
The Right to Information (RTI) Act was passed in 2005 with the objective to establish an infrastructure for citizens to access information held by Public Authorities. This in turn led to increased transparency and accountability at the Public Authorities.
Significance of RTI
Informed Citizenry: Democracy requires an informed citizenry and transparency of informationfor its functioning. .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: State what is CTBT, and its significance.Body: Give your views if India should sign and ratify it.Conclusion: Conclude with way forward
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is the Treaty banning all nuclear explosions - everywhere, by everyone. The Treaty was negotiated at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It opened for signature on 24 September 1996.
Importance of CTBT
The CTBT is the last barrier on the way to develop nuclear weapons.
It curbs the development of new nuclear weapons and the improvement of existing nuclear weapon designs.
When the Treaty .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Introduce with the general status of armed forces currently.Body: Enumerate all the possible vulnerabilities in light of bio-warfare like situation.Conclusion: Suggest a way forward with possible solutions for making armed forces more robust and resilient.
Armed forces across the world are being forced to confront an insidious and deadly enemy— the COVID-19 virus. Closer home in India, number of corona virus positive cases have started to emerge across Armed forces.
Vulnerabilities of Indian Armed Forces
The Army has been involved in quarantining operations which haveexposed some of its personnel to the virus.
Physical distancing is not easy in military .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Introduce with Naxalism as threat to internal security – highlight recent attacksBody:Elaborate root causes of Naxalite movement and describe recent government initiativesConclusion: Conclude with way forward as collective approach needed to solve naxalism
Naxalism was an outcome of exploitative relation of landlords and peasants, but today it has become one of the biggest internal security problems for India. The term ‘Naxal’ derives its name from the village Naxalbari of district Darjeeling in West Bengal, where the movement originated in 1967 under the leadership of Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal. Until recently, Naxal affected area (Red corridor) spread .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: State what are Rice fish co culture and its need in India.Body: State the various benefits and its limitationConclusion: Conclude with way forward
Rice, an important food grain, roughly feeds 50 per cent of the world population. It has been identified as a major crop consuming vast chunks of available water resources while at the same time paddy fields emit large amount of the greenhouse gas, methane.
Thus, solutions need to be sought to improve the management of rice production systems. Rice-fish farming constitutes a unique agro-landscape across the world, especially in tropical and sub-subtropical Asia.
It is no .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Define water stress condition.Body:List down the causes which have led to water stress in India and state measures to overcome water deficiency.Conclusion:Conclude appropriately.
Water stress is a condition where the demand for water exceeds the available amount during a certain period or when poor quality of available water restricts its use. Therefore, water stress occurs when deterioration of fresh water takes place in terms of quality and quantity.
However, the reasons for water scarcity and the extent to which they are felt differ from region to region. Following are the main causes of water stress in India.
Causes of .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: State facts regarding forest fires in India and its frequency.Body:List down the adverse effects of forest fire in India.Conclusion: Conclude by suggesting few measures to counter the menace.
Fires are a major cause of forest degradation and have wide ranging adverse ecological, economic and social impacts. As per Forest Survey of India, 62% of forests in India are exposed to occasional and moderately frequent fires.
Effects of Forest Fire
Loss of Valuable Timber Resources: Forest fires cause indispensable loss to timber and deteriorate its quality. Valuable timber species like teak, sal, chir, deodar, sheesam, rosewood etc. are adversely .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Introduce with the definition of moral relativismBody: Explain the types of moral relativism.Conclusion: Enumerate suitable examples
Moral relativism is an idea which states that there is no absolute or universal set of moral principles. It advocates ‘to each his own’ and its followers say ‘who am I to judge’?
Moral Relativism has following types:
Descriptive Moral Relativism (Cultural Relativism): It states that the moral standards are actually culturally derived. Indeed, there may be a few values that seem nearly universal like honesty, respect etc but many differences appear across cultures.
Meta-Ethical Moral Relativism: It states that there are no objective .... Read More
Approach of the AnswerIntroduction: Introduce with the moral thinker who stated this sentence.Body: Express your views about the statement.Conclusion: Conclude by bringing the whole essence of the statement for you.Answer:This statement which brings out the significance of fortitude and courage is attributed to Aristotle, the great Greek Philosopher and moral thinker. This statement reminds one of the pioneers like Gautam Buddha, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, A P J Abdul Kalam, etc who did not confirm to the standards and norms of the society and instead followed their heart with a touch of courage, fortitude and madness. .... Read More
Approach of the Answer
Introduction: Define aptitude, ability and achievement highlighting their differences.Body: Enumerate desirable aptitudes for civil servicesConclusion: Conclude with suitable remark.
Aptitude is inborn potential to do certain kinds of work whether developed or undeveloped. It can be either physical or mental. For instance, aptitude of quick decision making or doing mathematical problems.
Ability is developed knowledge, understanding, learnt or acquired abilities (skills) or attitude.
Aptitude is innate quality in contrast to skills and achievement, which represent knowledge or ability that is gained through learning.
The following aptitudes act as the foundational values of civil services in India:
Cooperation and Collaboration: Cooperation and .... Read More