On March 2, 2019, Government of India launched “Pradhan MantriJI-VAN (Jaiv Indhan- Vatavaran Anukool Fasal Awashesh Nivaran) Yojana” for providing financial support to Integrated Bioethanol Projects using lignocellulosic biomass and other renewable feedstock.
Centre for High Technology (CHT), a technical body under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, .... Read More
Guatemala has initiated a new dispute complaint against India’s sugar subsidies at the World Trade Organization (WTO) just days after Brazil and Australia lodged their separate complaints on the matter.
Why Repeated Complaints against India?
These countries claim that the domestic support measures are inconsistent with India’s obligations under the WTO’s Agreement .... Read More
On 5th March, 2019, the government introduced a scheme for providing financial assistance for transport and marketing of agriculture products with a view to boosting exports of farm commodities to certain countries in Europe and North America.
Nodal Ministry: The Department of Commerce under the Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
Aim: .... Read More
GI Tag for Coffee Varieties
On March 1st, 2019, the Geographical Indications Registry has granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Coorg Arabica Coffee, Wayanad Robusta Coffee, Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee, Araku Valley Arabica Coffee and Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee.
Tamil Nadu Erode Turmeric
After an eight-year-long process, Erode turmeric on Wednesday finally got a .... Read More
On 6th March, 2019, The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) signed a Cooperation Agreement with the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a member of the World Bank Group (WBG).
Major Highlights of the Agreement
The agreement will enable IFC to assist IBBI to further build the capacity of insolvency professionals, and .... Read More
Reserve Bank of India and Bank of Japan have signed a Bilateral Swap Arrangement (BSA).
The swap involves US Dollar besides Japanese Yen and Indian Rupee.
As part of the agreement, the Bank of Japan (Japanese central bank) will accept rupees and give dollars to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) .... Read More
In March 2019, the Union Cabinet approved the National Mineral Policy (NMP), 2019 to replace the National Mineral Policy 2008.
The move to introduce new Mineral Policy is to comply with Supreme Court’s direction in Common Cause vs. Union of India and others case.
In August 2017, following the SC direction, a .... Read More
The Union Cabinet has given clearance to the FAME-II scheme, with an eye on promoting electric and hybrid vehicles in the country.
The scheme will be implemented over a period of three years with effect from April 1, 2019.
It is the expanded version of the present scheme FAME India I .... Read More
The government has decided to re-classify large hydroelectric projects as renewable energy under the New Hydroelectricity Policy.
Earlier only small hydro projects of a capacity of less than 25 MW were treated as renewable energy. Large hydro projects were treated as a separate source of energy.
It is a reclassification of .... Read More
On 13th March, 2019, the Cabinet approved the proposal for India’s Accession to the Nice, Vienna and Locarno Agreements that would harmonise the classification systems for examination of trademark and design applications, in line with the systems followed globally.
Benefits to India
Protection of Intellectual Property: The accession is expected to instill .... Read More
According to the latest Monster Salary Index (MSI), Gender pay gap is still high in India, as women in the country earn 19 per cent less than men and wage inequalities in favour of men are present in all the relevant sectors.
Key Findings of Report
The current gender pay gap in .... Read More
According to the Global MPI 2018 Report, prepared by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, India has reduced its poverty rate drastically from 55% to 28% in 10 years, with 271 million people moving out of poverty between 2005-06 and 2015-16.
Key Findings .... Read More
On 25th March, 2019, Word Economic Forum (WEF) released the Energy Transition Index.
The report titled Fostering Effective Energy Transition, ranks countries on how well they are able to balance energy security and access with environmental sustainability and affordability.
The index takes into account six individual indicators:
Capital and Investment
Regulation and Political Commitment
Institutions .... Read More
According to the International Energy Agency, India’s energy demand outpaced global demand growth in 2018.
Country’s primary demand rose 4% in 2018 Vs 2.3% growth seen worldwide.
India saw primary energy demand increase 4 per cent or over 35 million tonne of oil equivalent. This accounts for 11 per cent of .... Read More
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) passed by the Parliament on 11 May 2016, received Presidential assent on 28 May 2016 and was notified in the official gazette on the same day.
Reasons for Introduction
It was introduced for two mains reasons:
To consolidate and de-fragment the insolvency and bankruptcy laws of .... Read More
What is GSP?
The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a U.S. trade program designed to promote economic growth in the developing world by providing preferential duty-free entry of products from 129 designated beneficiary countries and territories.
GSP was instituted on January 1, 1976, by the Trade Act of 1974.
GSP had expired .... Read More
On 5th March, 2019, the Prime Minister launched the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM) Yojana for unorganized sector at Vastral in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
The National pension scheme announced in the interim budget in February, 2019 comes under the purview of Ministry of Labour and Employment.
To provide regular pension to those .... Read More
On March 5th, 2019, United States announced to end the preferential trade terms for India under the U.S.’s Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program.
Under this program, US provides duty-free access to 4800 different products from goods from 129 designated countries in order to foster trade and economic development.
A mandatory 60 .... Read More
The World Bank, government of India and representatives of five Indian state governments have signed a loan agreement for additional financing of $137 million for the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP).
The $137 million loan from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) has a three-year grace period and .... Read More
In a bid to provide seamless urban mobility to commuters across the country, the Centre on March 4 launched India’s first indigenously-developed National Common Mobility Card (NCMC).
Dubbed as ‘One Nation-One Card’, the inter-operable transport card would allow holders to pay for their bus travel, toll taxes, parking charges, retail shopping .... Read More
India has decided to post Customs intelligence officers in China in its effort to check black money, trade-based money laundering and other financial frauds.
Two posts of the Customs Overseas Intelligence Network (COIN) have been created in the Indian Embassy in Beijing and in the Consulate General of India at Guangzhou. .... Read More
The Union Government signed Tax information Exchange Agreement (TIEA) with Brunei for the Exchange of Information and Assistance in Collection with respect to Taxes.The Central government is authorised under section 90 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 to enter into an agreement with a foreign country or specified territory for .... Read More
On 16th March, 2019, India’s largest bank State Bank of India (SBI) launched ‘YONO Cash’ using which customers can withdraw money from ATMs without using a physical debit card.ATMs enabled for this service will be termed YONO Cash .... Read More
India and Paraguay have agreed to identify sectors of mutual interest to promote bilateral investment and decided to explore new areas of collaboration in various sectors.The two sides agreed to explore new areas of collaboration including in hydel and solar, health including traditional medicine, Information and Communication Technology, farming and .... Read More
The Government has approved establishment of two new benches of National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT), one at Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh and the other at Indore in Madhya Pradesh.
This step has been taken keeping in view the increasing case load, especially under the Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code 2016.
The jurisdiction of .... Read More
On 14th March, 2019, the NITI Aayog and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) organized the first workshop on development of the India Energy Modelling Forum (IEMF)
The two-day workshop, being held with the support of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), was organized under the Sustainable Growth Pillar .... Read More
On 7th, March, 2019, the Cabinet Committee approved the investment approval for 2x660MW Khurja Super Thermal Power Plant (STPP) in Bulandshahar district of Uttar Pradesh and Amelia Coal Mine in District Singraulli, Madhya Pradesh.The project will be implemented by THDC India Limited, a Mini Ratna CPSU under the Ministry of .... Read More
On 7th, March, 2019, the Cabinet Committee gave approval for investment approval for 2x660 MW Buxar Thermal Power Project (Buxar TPP) in District Buxar of Bihar.The project will be implemented by SJVN Thermal Private Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of SJVN Ltd., a Mini Ratna CPSU under Ministry of Power, .... Read More
On 7th March, 2019, the Cabinet Committee gave approval for the investment sanction for acquisition of M/s Lanco Teesta Hydro Power Ltd (LTHPL) and execution of balance work of the Teesta Stage-Vl HE Project by NHPC Ltd in Sikkim.
Teesta Stage-Vl HE Project is a Run of River (RoR) Scheme in .... Read More
On 7th March, 2019, the Cabinet Committee approved the investment sanction for construction of Kiru Hydro Electric (HE) Project (624 MW) by M/s Chenab Valley Power Projects Private Limited (M/s CVPPPL) in Jammu & Kashmir.
The project is located on River Chenab in Kishtwar district of Jammu & Kashmir.
The project .... Read More
Airport Traffic Rankings by ACI :According to the Airport Traffic Rankings for 2018 released by Airports Council International (ACI), Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA), New Delhi was ranked as the 12th busiest airport in the world.
As per the report, Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (US) topped the list with Beijing Capital .... Read More
The World Bank will provide a $250-million loan for the National Rural Economic Transformation Project (NRETP) to help women in rural households develop viable enterprises for farm and non-farm products.
The $250 million loan has a 5-year grace period, and a final maturity of 20 years.
Digital Financial Products for Small .... Read More
On March 25th, 2019, the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) released a draft report on unemployment based on the periodic labour force survey (PLFS).
This was the first time that the NSSO conducted the Periodic Labour Force Survey, which is an annual survey mapping unemployment to provide a closer trace of .... Read More
It is biennial (every two years) festival celebrated in the city of Behrampur (the silk city), OdishaThe preparations for the nearly month long festival start from Mahasivaratri day. The festival is celebrated in the Hindu month of Chaitra.It is also known as Ghata Yatra. It marks worship of Goddess Buddhi .... Read More
‘Jodi Sankha’ is a traditional folk dance form from Ganjam district, Odisha.Jodi Sankha, which literally means Double Conch, is a combined presentation of rural music along with Badya and Nrutya. This dance form had a martial arts beginning as it needs high endurance.The main accompanying instruments include Changu- Baja and .... Read More
The paintings of tribal artists from the remote agency areas of Telangana have literally arrived on a global platform, through the efforts of Amazon, the largest e-commerce market place.The idea to provide a wider platform to the paintings came when the Tribal Welfare Department and the Tribal Museum, working closely .... Read More
Gond paintings: it is known for use of bright colours and intricate lines. The Gond art mostly represents a tree emerging out of birds (peacocks) and animals (ox, horse, deer, elephant and tiger).Koya Paintings: Here the artist draw on the surface motifs of their sacred ‘Hariveni’ posts, sacred flags and .... Read More
An oppari is an ancient form of lamenting, sung in Tamil Nadu and North-East Sri Lanka where Tamils form the majority.Oppari is a marathon wailing session that rural women perform in groups, when someone dies. Oppari is a repertoire of songs that describe, eulogises the dead and expresses the deep .... Read More
A seven-member expert panel has given the go-ahead for the acquisition of 67.68 acres of land at Valiamala in the Thiruvananthapuram district for the expansion of Indian Space Research Organisation’s Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC).
The State government had appointed Rajagiri outREACH to carry out the social impact assessment in September .... Read More
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for continuation of National AIDS Control Programme-IV (NACP-IV) beyond 12th Five Year Plan.
NCAP-IV will be continued for a period of three years from April, 2017 to March, 2020.
More than 99% of population will be kept HIV free.
More than 70 lakh .... Read More
On March 23rd, 2019, just a day before World TB Day(24th March), a country-wise report card released by The Lancet states that India is not on track to achieve the elimination goals and that its methods to tackle drug-sensitive and multi-drug resistant TB need improvement.
Key Findings of Report
India has 27% .... Read More
What is an Electoral Bond?
Electoral Bond is a financial instrument for making donations to political parties. It is a bond issued in the nature of promissory note which shall be a bearer banking instrument.
The party can convert these bonds back into money via their bank accounts. It neither carries the .... Read More
Why in News?
Attorney general of India recently requested invocation of Official secrets act against The Hindu for using the “secret documents” related to Rafael Deal in breach of the OSA.
Historical Background of OSA
The first Indian official secrets act was enacted in 1889 to muzzle the voice of nationalist publications, which .... Read More
What is Contempt of Court?
Contempt of court refers to actions, which defy a court’s authority, cast disrespect on a court, or impede the ability of the court to perform its function.
Classification of Contempt
Under Section 2(b) of the Contempt of Courts Act of 1971, civil contempt has been defined as .... Read More
On 20th March, 2019, former Supreme Court judge Pinaki Chandra Ghose was appointed as India’s first anti-corruption ombudsman, Lokpal.
PC Ghose, who retired as Supreme Court judge in May 2017, was a member of the National Human Rights Commission when he was appointed to the Lokpal’s position.
Justice Ghose’s name was finalised .... Read More
In a recent judgment, the Supreme Court said that it is the sole prerogative of the government to frame schemes and courts should stay out of governance.
It is only in exceptional cases when the court considers it proper to issue appropriate mandatory directions, said the Supreme Court.
Basis for the Judgment
The .... Read More
Why in News?
On 5th March 2019, Supreme Court ordered the release of 6 innocent men who were held guilty of heinous crime and were locked in Yervada jail for 16 years awaiting death sentence (Ankush Maruti Shinde v. State of Maharashtra case).
In another case an appeal was filed by a .... Read More
Contrary to government claims, the Election Commission of India told the Supreme Court that electoral bonds can wreck transparency in political funding in India.
Election Commission’s Prediction
According to EC, Electoral Bonds coupled with the removal of cap on foreign funding, can invite foreign corporate powers to impact Indian politics.
Donations received through .... Read More
On 19th March, 2019, Mizoram Assembly passed a bill that seeks to detect “illegal migrants” at the village and town level and bring in punitive measures for those making a false statement during the exercise.
Key Highlights of Bill
A comprehensive database of residents will be maintained via individual identification system through .... Read More
The Arunachal Pradesh government on 28th February, 2019, decided to take no further action in granting permanent resident certificates to six tribal communities.
The state’s move came after violent protests against an earlier decision to provide certificates to the Deoris, Sonowal Kacharis, Morans, Adivasis, Mishings and Gorkhas.
Permanent Resident Certificate
Permanent resident certificate .... Read More
The Election Commission of India has appointed transgender social activist Gauri Sawant, as one of the 12 election ambassadors from Maharashtra.Following the Supreme Court order, transgenders got the right to vote for the first time in 2014. In 2014, 918 voters were registered in this third category. This number has .... Read More
A total of 15 temporary polling stations are being set up by Election Commission of India in Mamit district of Mizoram exclusively for Bru community voters living in relief camps in Tripura.
Of the 15 temporary polling stations, nine would be for Bru voters of Mamit district and three each for .... Read More
District election officers have been directed to reach out to the maximum number of voters in the constituencies under their jurisdiction.
Folk song competitions, quiz programmes and appeals by celebrities are some of the initiatives being undertaken by the election office in Assam for attracting women, first-time voters, people with physical .... Read More
On 9th March, 2019, PM inaugurated the new Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology at Greater Noida in Uttar Pradesh.
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology of ASI (under Ministry of Culture) is an academic wing of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the Ministry of Culture.
Archaeological Survey .... Read More
On 30th March, 2019, the Meenachil River Protection Forum, a people’s collective for river conservation, has kick-started a ‘green audit’ of the water body to account for its fluctuations due to human intervention.Forum aims at assessing problems posed by human interventions.A thorough examination of the risks faced by the river .... Read More
5-member committee under Nandan Nilekani: RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das appointed a 5-member committee under the chairmanship of Nandan Nilekani to further deepen the digital payments and enhance financial inclusion through Fintech.
RBI has requested the committee to provide recommendations within 3 months.
Amitabh Kant to Head Transformative Mobility Panel: The Union .... Read More
The second National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS 2018-19) was conducted between November 2018 and February 2019, to establish the progress over the baseline established by NARSS 2017-18.
The NARSS 2018-19 is a third-party survey that has been conducted by the Independent Verification Agency (IVA) under the World Bank supported project. .... Read More
On 15th March, 2019, the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (Icrisat) launched ‘FeFA (Iron for Adolescents) Girls’, an initiative to tackle malnutrition among adolescent girls.
To prepare diet-based approaches to improve haemoglobin and blood iron levels in girls.
To generate scientific evidence .... Read More
On 26th March, 2019, the Government notified the new Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019, reducing the time for approving applications to 30 days for drugs manufactured in India and 90 days for those developed outside the country.
Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
The aim is to promote clinical .... Read More
For the first time, a large-scale, hospital-based study in India involving over 14.5 lakh patients had found the incidence (number of new cases occurring each year) of dry eye disease to be 21,000 (1.46%).
With a large ageing population, growing middle-class and chronic nature of the disease, India is on .... Read More
Robert Mueller submitted his report on 22nd March, 2019 to US Attorney General which investigated the allegations of Russian meddling or any links or coordination between Russia and Trump to defeat Hillary Clinton in US Presidential elections in 2016.
Robert Mueller was appointed by the US Attorney General in 2017 as .... Read More
Why in News?
China on 13 March once again blocked the United Nations Security Council’s move to designate Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad’s (JeM) chief Masood Azhar a global terrorist.
JeM has claimed responsibility for Pulwama terror attack that took place on 14 February 2019.
Details of the proposal
A fresh proposal was moved by .... Read More
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and US President Donald Trump met in Hanoi, Vietnam on 27 February 2019 for their second bilateral summit meeting.
The meeting was conducted to hammer out concrete steps for dismantling N. Korea’s nuclear programme and for the withdrawal of US sanctions on the Korean country.
However, .... Read More
Why in News?
Australian national and a right-wing extremist, Brenton Tarrant, armed with semi-automatic weapons opened fire on two mosques in New Zealand’s Christchurch city. Brenton Tarrant travelled from Australia to New Zealand to carry out the attack. The weapons used in the attack and the improvised explosive devices implanted across .... Read More
Why in News?
External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj met her Maldivian counterpart on 17 March 2019 in Malaysian capital Male during her two-day visit. This is first full-fledged bilateral trip from India to Maldives since the new government of Ibrahim Mohamed Solih came to power in Maldives in November 2018.
India-Maldives .... Read More
l Strategic Location
Maldives is located at a distance of 700kms from Lakshadweep islands and 1200kms form the Indian mainland making it strategically significant for India’s security.
In the name of anti-piracy operations Chinese ships ply up to the Gulf of Aden passing very close to the Maldives which brings it .... Read More
Why in News?
The 7th RCEP Intersessional Ministerial Meeting was held during the first week of March, 2019, in Siem Reap, Cambodia.
The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement that is often characterised as a China-led response to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) put forward by the .... Read More
On 4 March, 2019, Pakistan passed a Statutory Regulatory Order (SRO) which banned Lashkar-e Taiba’s (LeT) offshoots Jamat-ud Dawa (JuD) and Falah-i-Insaniyat Foundation (FIF) in Pakistan.
Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and other countries forced Pakistan to act on terror groups after the Pulwama attack.
LeT and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) are .... Read More
On March 20, 2019 , UN World Happiness Report 2019 has been released by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations
This is the seventh report and first report was released in 2012.
March 20 was declared as World Happiness Day by the UN General Assembly in 2012.
It ranks .... Read More
Exercise ‘Mitra Shakti’ which is being conducted annually since 2012 to facilitate military diplomacy and interaction between armies of India and Sri Lanka will be conducted from March 26 to April 8 for the year 2018-19, in Sri Lanka.
Last year the exercise was conducted at Aundh military station in Pune, .... Read More
The council of the Regional Anti-terrorism Structure (RATS), an organ of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), decided to hold a joint anti-terrorism exercise ‘Sary-Arka-Antiterror’ between all members of SCO in 2019.
The exercise is likely to be held in Sary Arka region of Kazakhstan.
The decision to hold a joint exercise was announced .... Read More
The European Union (EU) has granted two weeks extra time i.e. until 12 April, 2019 to the United Kingdom for implementing Brexit (Britain’s withdrawal from the EU). The deadline for Brexit was earlier fixed at 29 March, 2019.
In a referendum in UK in June, 2016, those favouring Brexit (Leave) .... Read More
Italy joined the BRI by signing a non-binding agreement with China on 23 March 2019.
Today BRI has expanded to over 80 countries, mostly least developed and developing economies. Italy is the first among the Group of Seven (G-7) industrialized countries to sign up to BRI (Belt and Road Initiative) which .... Read More
The Union Government signed Tax information Exchange Agreement (TIEA) with Brunei for the Exchange of Information and Assistance in Collection with respect to Taxes.The Central government is authorised under section 90 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 to enter into an agreement with a foreign country or specified territory for .... Read More
India, Paraguay Agree to Promote Bilateral Investment: India and Paraguay have agreed to identify sectors of mutual interest to promote bilateral investment and decided to explore new areas of collaboration in various sectors.
The two sides agreed to explore new areas of collaboration including in hydel and solar, health including traditional .... Read More
US President signed a proclamation on 25 March 2019 that recognizes Israel’s sovereignty over the disputed Golan Heights.
The U.S. is the first country to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan, which the rest of the international community regards as ‘disputed’ and whose status should be determined by negotiations between Israel .... Read More
A group of solar physicists recently suggested that the “solar dynamo” is linked to the production of sunspots.
However, what kick-starts the 11-year sunspot cycle is not known. According to them, a “solar tsunami” is at work that triggers the new sunspot cycle, after the old one ends.
What is Solar Tsunami?
A .... Read More
The Indian multi-wavelength space observatory AstroSat, launched in September 2015, continues to yield exciting results.
Using this observatory, astronomers from Thiruvananthapuram and Mumbai have identified a new population of ultraviolet stars in the globular cluster NGC 2808.
Globular clusters are collections of thousands to millions of stars, moving as one unit. .... Read More
A team of Astronomers of a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency’s Gaia observation craft, on March 7th announced that they had accurately calculated the mass of the Milky Way for the first time, using new data sets that include the weight of dark matter.
The expert team calculated .... Read More
What is West Nile Fever?
Typically a virus infection spreads by the infected Culex mosquitos. West Nile Virus (WNV) spreads from birds to humans and with the bite of an infected mosquito.
This is mostly affected by people with a weak immune system.
How does it spread?
It is spread mostly through mosquito .... Read More
On March 27, 2019 India conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test, from the Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Island launch complex.
This was a technological mission carried out by DRDO.
The satellite used in the mission was one of India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit.
The test was .... Read More
India’s defence lab DRDO successfully tested-fired the indigenously developed guided rocket system‘’Pinaka’’ on March 12th at Pokhran desert in Rajasthan.
Pinaka is a multiple rocket launcher produced in India and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Army.
The system has a maximum range of 40 .... Read More
Why in news?
The Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Council (PM-STIAC) has identified nine national missions to address major scientific challenges to ensure India’ssustainable development.
The nine missions identified are:
Mission 1: Natural Language Translation
Make science accessible to all: This mission aims to remove the barrier that the requirement of high-level of .... Read More
Why in news?
China plans to complete the construction of the artificial sun this year, achieving an ion temperature of 100 million degrees Celsius.
The HL-2M Tokamak device is designed to replicate the nuclear fusion process that occurs naturally in the sun and stars and to provide almost infinite clean energy through .... Read More
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved the National Policy on Software Products on March 1st2019, to develop India as a Software Product Nation.
Objectives of the Strategy
The Policy will lead to the formulation of several schemes, initiatives, projects and measures for the development of Software .... Read More
Tech giant Google on March 6th, unveiled a new app Bolo that aims to help children in primary school learn to read in Hindi and English.
The free app, which is being launched in India first, uses Google’s speech recognition and text-to-speech technology.
The app features an animated character Diya, who .... Read More
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has discovered a pulsar speeding through space.
Dubbed PSR J0002+6216, the pulsar pulsar, discovered by the NASA, is hurtling through space at nearly four million kilometres an hour.
Pulsar is a celestial object that emits regular pulses of radio waves and other electromagnetic radiation at .... Read More
Women took another step forward in the still male-dominated world of science on 20th March, as American Karen Uhlenbeck won the Abel Prize in mathematics for her work on partial differential equations.
Karen Uhlenbeck received the Abel Prize 2019 for her fundamental work in geometric analysis and gauge theory, which .... Read More
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) has selected G. Satheesh Reddy, the Secretary of India’s Department of Defence R&D and Chairman of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as the co-winner of the 2019 Missile Systems Award.
Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy, Chairman of the DRDO, Ministry of .... Read More
President Ram Nath Kovind on 5th March 19, inaugurated the Festival of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.
He also presented the 10th Biennial National Grassroots Innovation Awards in Gandhinagar.
About Festival of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (FINE)
FINE, is an initiative to recognise, respect, showcase, and reward innovations and to foster a supportive ecosystem for innovators.
It .... Read More
China’s Long March-3B rocket, regarded as the main stay of the country’s space programme since 1970, successfully completed its 300th launch by putting a new communication satellite into orbit on March 10th.
The Long March carrier rocket series, developed by CASC, is responsible for about 96.4 per cent of all .... Read More
According to the researchers from the University of Hawaii in the US, the exoplanet known as Kepler-1658 b is a massive hot Jupiter that whips around its star every 3.85 days.
Ten years after it was launched, the first exoplanet candidate spotted by NASA’s Kepler space telescope has finally been confirmed .... Read More
MITRASHAKTI–VI:The 6th edition of MITRASHAKTI – VI between Indian and Sri Lanka Army is being conducted from March 26th to April 8th at Diyatalawa Parade Ground in Sri Lanka.
Mission Shakti: DRDO’s ‘Mission Shakti’ is to defend India’s space assets where India shot down a low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite in space .... Read More
NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft has observed water molecules moving around the dayside of Moon.
This finding may prove beneficial as the agency plans to put astronauts back on the lunar surface.
Water on Moon
Until the last decade, scientists thought that Moon was arid, with any water existing mainly as pockets .... Read More
India on April 1, 2019 launched an electronic intelligence satellite ‘Emisat’ for the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) along with28 third party satellites.
ISRO, for the first time, will also demonstrate its new technologies like three different orbits with a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
Emisat is .... Read More
The five rhino range nations signed a declaration ‘The New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019’ for the conservation and protection of the species at the recently held Second Asian Rhino Range Countries meeting on March 4th in New Delhi.
India will collaborate with Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia to increase .... Read More
Erode turmeric on March 7th got a Geographical Indication (GI) tag from the Geographical Indication Registry.
The Erode Manjal Vanigargal Matrum Kidangu Urimaiyalargal Sangham had applied for the GI tag on January 4, 2011, at the office of the Deputy Registrar of GI Registry in Chennai.
Erode turmeric was a traditional cultivar .... Read More
For the first time in the areca nut sector, ‘Sirsi Supari’ grown in Uttara Kannada has received the Geographic Indication (GI) tag.
It is cultivated in Yellapura, Siddapura and Sirsi taluks.
Totgars’ Cooperative Sale Society Ltd., Sirsi, is the registered proprietor of the GI.
Unique features: The arecanut grown in these .... Read More
A new study has suggested that protection of coral cover along the existing protected marine areas in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is necessary for the conservation of the endangered bumphead parrotfish.
Commercial significance: A commercial fishery exists for some of the larger species, particularly in the Indo-Pacific, but also .... Read More
The Indian Department of Post has released a ‘special stamp cover on Ice Stupa’. The special stamps aim to create awareness about depleting glaciers and their effect on the ecology around the Himalayas. Over 12 villages in Ladakh have built ice Stupas this year in various villages.
Why Ice Stupas are .... Read More
Indian scientists have developed a common framework for assessment of climate change vulnerability in all the states in the Himalayan region - Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir and hilly districts of West Bengal.
Parameters of the Index
Index has been developed based .... Read More
According to a UN report released on March 11th, Countries will not meet the internationally agreed goal to minimize the adverse impacts of chemicals and waste by 2020, meaning that urgent action is required to reduce further damage to human health and economies.
Chemical production on the rise: The second .... Read More
The United States East Coast and Midwest battled record-breaking low temperatures as cold Arctic air continues to sweep through the region followed by the freezing winter storm — bomb cyclone or bombogenesis.
The process of a storm undergoing such rapid intensification is known as “bombogenesis.” The term comes from the merging .... Read More
According to a study conducted by Pacific Centre for Isotopic and Geochemical research (PCIGR),Honey from urban areas can be used as biomarker to identify polluted localities. The study was conducted in Vancouver, Canada, and has been published in the journal Nature Sustainability, March 12, 2019.
A biomarker is defined as .... Read More
India generates 25,940 tonnes of plastic waste every day. Taking an important step towards tackling the menace of plastic waste in India, the government has completely banned import of solid plastic waste/scrap into the country.
The ministry made a provision where white category (practically non-polluting or very less polluting) of .... Read More
According to a new study by Swiss-based Company IQAir AirVisual and non-profit organisation Greenpeace, Gurugram in the National Capital Region was the most polluted city in the world in 2018. The report said Delhi was the most polluted capital in the world.
The main objective behind the report was to measure .... Read More
The United Nations Environment Assembly, held on March 11-15, 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya observed that the world needed to move faster towards a new development model vis-à-vis the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Environment ministers of more than 170 countries adopted a blueprint for change.
Apart from ministers, the 4,700-plus delegates .... Read More
The “100 Most Influential People in Climate Policy” list is comprised of seven Indian names who took important measures to combat climate change. The list is prepared by Apolitical, a peer to peer learning platform for governments. The list has been topped by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (Congresswoman, US Congress).
7 Names from .... Read More
For the first time, Uttar Pradesh is taking a census of otters in its protected areas. The exercise that began in the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve (PTR), will be completed by the end of March.
Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.
The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic .... Read More
Indians in the 100 Most Influential People in Climate Policy List:The “100 Most Influential People in Climate Policy” list is comprised of seven Indian names who took important measures to combat climate change. The list is prepared by Apolitical, a peer to peer learning platform for governments. The list has .... Read More
Ministry of Power has expanded its ambitious Standards & Labelling (Star Rating) program for Energy Efficient Appliances to cover the Microwave Ovens and Washing Machines (with revised parameters) in the country.
The Star Labelling Programs has been formulated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency.
About the Programme
Initially, the program for above two .... Read More
The annual Frontiers report 2019published by the United Nations (UN) on March 4, has included a chapter on nitrogen pollution in its latest edition.It is a sign that pollution caused by the reactive forms of nitrogen is now being recognised as a grave environmental concern on a global level.
Sharp .... Read More
In a bid to encourage the use of eco-friendly materials in electioneering and to address all related queries, the District Suchitwa Mission opened a stall at the Kollam, Kerela collectorate on March 20th.
Earlier, the Kerala High Court had prohibited use of flex materials and other non-biodegradable materials for election campaigning .... Read More
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has finalised the first draft of the comprehensive amendments to the Indian Forest Act, 1927 (IFA). The 123-page draft provides definitions to important terms that were missing from the law. The amendments have been proposed based on the inputs of a .... Read More
Union Environment Minister on March 8th, released the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) that seeks to provide an integrated approach towards cooling and related areas including reduction in the cooling demand, in order to reduce emissions.
Objectives of ICAP
Sustainable Cooling: The thrust of the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) is to .... Read More
On March 4, 2019, the council of Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), the international non-profit that provides independent third-party certification for sustainable forest management, took the decision to recognize India with a globally recognised forest-certification scheme through a postal ballot.
A Geneva-based non-profit had decided to endorse the Certification .... Read More
Recent recognition of Golan Heights as an Israel sovereign territory by USA has attracted the worlds’ attention, and continuous tussle for Gaza Strip, West Bank between Palestine, Syria and Israel make this region strategically important for study.
Israel is a small, narrow, semi-arid country on the southeastern coastline of the Mediterranean .... Read More
The Israeli-occupied territories include the West Bank, 5,879 km2 (2,270 sq mi), East Jerusalem, 70 km2 (27 sq mi) and the Golan Heights, 1,150 km2 (444 sq mi). Of these areas, Israel has annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, an act not recognized by the international community.
The area of .... Read More
A B.Tech student from IIT Bombay, Kanishak Kataria, has topped the civil services final exam with mathematics as optional paper in his first attempt only. He is from Rajasthan and is currently working as a data scientist.
Even before he topped the UPSC examination, he topped the IIT-JEE in the .... Read More
The second rank holder Akshat Jain of IIT Guwahati, also hails from Rajasthan and has civil service officers in the family. The family comes from Tonk and his father, Dharam Chand Jain, is an IPS officer of 1991 batch who recently joined as a Joint Director in the .... Read More
The third rank was secured by Junaid Ahmad of Jamia Millia Islamia's Residential Coaching Academy.Junaid Ahmad from Nagina town in Uttar Pradesh's Bijnor district is an IRS officer in training. Ahmed’s choice of subject was Geography. It was his fifth attempt.
"In IRS, one deal with taxation and that .... Read More
The fourth rank was secured by Shreyans Kumat from Rajasthan. He is an engineering graduate (B.Tech) from IIT, Mumbai. He suggests for future aspirants to keep faith on themselves and have a positive approach. He also suggests on group discussion to develop .... Read More
With a childhood dream of becoming an IAS officer and a strong resolve of ‘first attempt is last attempt’, Srushti Jayant Deshmukh topped among women candidates, securing the overall fifth rank. She is a BE (Chemical Engineering) from Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal.
Unlike other UPSC aspirants, she did .... Read More
Vaishali Singh has secured 8th Rank in Civil Services Examination 2018. This was her second attempt. Her optional subject was Law, as she is a law graduate from NLU, Delhi.
The journey of CSE preparation for her was filled with ups and downs, however she kept herself motivated. Initially, she .... Read More
Hailing from Moga, Punjab Ritika, a topper of CBSE in 12th, and a student of Sri Ram College of Commerce, showed her resolve despite knowing her father being diagnosed with cancer during her preparation stage.
Ritika, who had done GS Foundation Course at Chronicle IAS Academy, got the 88th .... Read More
1. Consider the following statements:
1. Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) identifies people’s deprivations across four key dimensions – health, income, education and living standards.
2. Multidimensional Poverty Index is published by United Nations.
3. Sabina Alkire and James Foster are credited for creating a new method for measuring multidimensional poverty, known as .... Read More
6.Consider the following statements regarding theMaintenance of Household Registers Bill, 2019:
1.The bill was passed by the the Mizoram Legislative Assembly in order to detect illegal migrants at the village and town level.
2.The bill defines citizens as a person registered as such or having requisite qualification as prescribed under the Citizenship .... Read More
11. Arrange the following cities of the world in north-south order:
1. Dhaka 2. Hanoi
3. Singapore 4. Jakarta
Select the correct answer from the options below:
(a) 1-2-3-4 (b) 2-1-3-4
(c) 3-2-1-4 (d) 2-4-1-3
12. Recently a meeting ‘Moscow Format’ was held in Russia. Select the purpose of the meeting from the following statements:
(a) .... Read More
16. Consider the following statements with respect to FINE:
1. It is organised by NITI Aayog.
2. It will provide a platform for innovators for building linkages with potential stakeholders.
3. It includes an “In-Residence” Program as part of which a batch of ten innovation scholars will stay within the President’s Estate.
Select the .... Read More
21.Which of the following statements are correct with respect to Rhinos in India?
1.In India, only one-horned Rhino is found.
2.Rhinos can be found in the Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, Pobitora Reserve Forest and Orang National Park.
3.It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
Select the correct answer .... Read More
Croatia’s Highest Civilian Award
President Ram Nath Kovind on March 26th was honoured with the Croatia’s highest civilian award the Grand Order of the King of Tomislav in Zagreb.
2018 Turing Award: Nobel Prize in Computing
Godfathers of AI: Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun were named the recipients of 2018 Turing .... Read More
Noted Malayalam writer Ashitha, who potrayed the inner sorrow of women through her touching stories and poems, passed away on March 26th at Thrissur, Kerala.
She received several awards including the Padmarajan Award (2000), Lalithambika Antharjanam Award (1994) and Edaserri Award (1986).
Eminent folk artist, radio commentator, harmonium player, music composer .... Read More
Chacko Purackal Thomas
Tata Coffee on March 22nd announced the appointment of Chacko Purackal Thomas as the new Managing Director (MD) & Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
Transgender Activist Gauri Sawant has been appointed as one of the 12 Goodwill election ambassadors of the Election Commission in Maharashtra. She is the 1st .... Read More
Brazilian physicist and astronomer Marcelo Gleiser on March 19th was awarded with the annual Templeton Prize 2019, for his work blending science and spirituality.
This award is worth $ 1.4 million, and the ceremony was started in 1972 by late global investor Sir John Templeton, previous winners include the Dalai .... Read More
‘i-help’ Initiative in Assam
The ‘i-help’ was launched on March 18th by Mahesh Sahu (Assam CEO) with an objective to promote digital electoral literacy for the forthcoming Lok Sabha polls.
It was a joint initiative of the Office of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) and Common Service Centres (CSC) in Assam.
NBCTF .... Read More
Manu Bhaker & Saurabh Chaudhary wins Gold at AAC
Manu Bhaker & Saurabh Chaudhary won Gold medals in the 10-meter Air Pistol Mixed team event on March 27th at the 12th Asian Airgun Championship at Taoyuan, Taipei.
India wins SAFF Women’s Championship
Recently, India lifted South Asian Football Federation (SAFF) Women’s Championship 5th .... Read More
In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced the launch of both the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. It is essentially a state-financed, state-backed, infrastructure initiative to build infrastructure across Central Asia and other parts of the Indo-Pacific.
Subsequently, both of these initiatives got subsumed within .... Read More
Does it need Transformation?
India is ready to gear up for its biggest festival, the festival of world’s biggest democracy-17th Lok Sabha elections 2019. India’s democracy has its cornerstone on independence, neutrality and integrity of its Statutory and Constitutional bodies. To maintain and preserve this democracy India conducts elections every five .... Read More
Security, Trade & Investment and Technology
Recent developments around the world highlight the faint occurrence of dissensions and splitting up of the world into blocs.
Issue: The US and Russia have pulled out of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty recently.
Impact: This step could lead to renewed nuclear arms race between .... Read More
Renewed Arms Race
Russia and US have recently pulled out of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, a decision which could trigger the nuclearisation of US and the European continent.
The new National Security Strategy announced by US in December 2017 declares the “revisionist” China and Russia as a threat .... Read More
Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)
China is challenging the US global economic hegemony through its BRI which seeks to weave the economies of Asia, Europe and Africa into a common network of development and infrastructure projects.
Rather, China seeks to take other countries into its sphere of influence supported by its .... Read More
Huawei Dispute: Huawei has taken a global lead in development and patenting of 5G technology leaving US far behind. Huawei CFO’s arrest is an indirect way of stifling and containing China’s technological rise and global dominance.
Digital Surveillance: China is a surveillance state and it has been selling its blueprint, including .... Read More
Digitalisation is the process through which many aspects of social life are restructured around digital communication or Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Digital Infrastructure (DI) is a key facilitator in the governance and socio-economic development of India. DI, along with internet, enables deeper penetration of information within the society and boosts people-to-people connectivity, thus enriching citizen-state interaction and ushering in true democracy.
India’s efforts in the field of digitalization started in late seventies when e-governance was first introduced in India with the development of applications in the areas of defense, planning, elections, census and tax administration, etc.
In 2006, the .... Read More
It is a statutory, unique and verifiable 12-digit identification number issued to every resident of India by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).
It provides biometric authentication and stores personal details of an individual in a government database, which is often used in citizen services.
Individual Identity: Aadhar has given an unalienable identity and dignity to the poor across the country.
Empowerment of the poor: The poor can directly avail the entitlements and wages without any middlemen.
Money saver: It has saved around Rs 1, 10,000 crore by better targeting of beneficiaries in various schemes like gas connection .... Read More
Funds are directly transferred into the bank accounts of beneficiaries which are authenticated by JAM i.e. Jan Dhan accounts, Aadhar and Mobile connectivity of recipients.
It is administered by the Cabinet Secretariat.
Government efficacy: Brought efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability in the government system and has brought Reforms in the government delivery system and fund disbursal in welfare schemes.
Improved governance: Working towards ‘Maximum Governance Minimum Government’ through simplification of procedures and de-duplication of data.
Plugged leakages: Led to a total gain of around Rs 1,20,000 crore to the government by plugging .... Read More
To establish a highly scalable network infrastructure accessible on a non-discriminatory basis;
To provide on demand, affordable broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households and
To provide on demand capacity to all institutions in partnership with States and the private sector.
Internet penetration and e-governance: The project would facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, internet and other services across .... Read More
e-NAM (e- National Agriculture Market)
It is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing state Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
Information to farmers: e-NAM removes information asymmetry between buyers and sellers and promotes real time price discovery based on actual demand and supply.
Transparency: It provides better price discovery through transparent auction process based on quality of produce along with timely online payment.
Integration of APMCs: Already 585 wholesale-regulated APMC markets across 16 states have been integrated with the e-NAM platform.
ISRO’s Village Resource Centres (VRC)
ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) launched .... Read More
Indian Computer Emergency ResponseTeam (CERT-In)About:
CERT-In is the national nodal agency for responding to computer security incidents as and when they occur.
It performs following functions:
Information collection and dissemination: Information on cyber incidents, issues forecasts and alerts on cyber security incidents.
Issues guidelines: On emergency measures, vulnerabilities and best practices and procedures on information security.
Coordination: It coordinates cyber incident response activities between other agencies.
Cyber surveillance: It generates data on cyber security incidents including phishing, network scanning and probing, virus or malicious code and website hacking.
Training to enforcement agencies: CERT-In regularly provides basic and advanced training to Law .... Read More
Government e-Marketplace (GEM)About:
It is a single window solution for online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Government Departments / Organizations / PSUs.
The portal offers online registration facilities for all stakeholders namely Government Users, Product Sellers and Service Providers.
Increases Efficiency: It enhances transparency and speed in public procurement by providing tools for direct purchase, e-bidding and reverse e-auction to facilitate the government users to achieve the best value for the money.
Empowers Women: GeM has launched a dedicated section on its platform for woman entrepreneurs to facilitate online procurement of goods made by self-help groups and women, .... Read More
It is an e-governance project of Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).
The project ensures easy and secure online access to all the ministry services for all stakeholders i.e. corporate bodies, professionals, citizens and investors.
Key services that can be availed through the MCA21 portal includes:
Download of e-forms
Registration and incorporation of new companies
Payment of Penalty fees
Redressal of investor’s grievances
Improves public scrutiny: Availability of all company related details online enhances transparency and public scrutiny and increases investor’s confidence.
Enhances corporate efficiency: Online registration and verification, e-stamp, online grievance redressal facilities etc. save time .... Read More
It is an IT platform that facilitates hosting of all the courses, taught in classrooms from 9th class till post-graduation to be accessed by anyone, anywhere at any time.
All the courses are available free of cost to the residents in India.
SWAYAM seeks to achieve the three cardinal principles of Education Policy viz., access, equity and quality.
Educational inclusion: SWAYAM seeks to reach even the most educationally deprived and disadvantaged sections by offering free educational material to all.
Interactive: The programmes in SWAYAM are interactive with multi-modal learning experience, i.e. audio-visual and offer quizzes, self-assessment tests and discussion forums .... Read More
Government Process Re-engineering (GPR)About:
GPR is about reviewing and redefining the way (in terms of processes, procedure, spirit, attitude) government needs to operate and transact with its stakeholders (Citizens, Employees, Business, NGO, other Government agencies, International bodies) in ever changing times.
Transformation of government services: GPR uses IT to transform service delivery by re-orienting the process followed by government in services delivery unlike e-governance which focuses on translating government services by shifting the existing services to online modes.
Some GPR initiatives taken by government are as follows:
— “RUN – Reserve Unique Name” Web service for name reservation.
— Zero fee for .... Read More
It aims to develop, install and implement automated decision-making and decision-support systems in all courts in India.
The e-Courts project entails ensuring of digital interconnectivity between all courts from the taluk level to the apex court through use of cloud.
Automation of workflow management in all courts, electronic movement of records between courts, use of video conferencing and connecting all courts in the country to the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG).
National e-Courts Portal
The portal (www.ecourts.gov.in) has become operational and has been opened for public access.
The portal provides online services to litigants such as details of case registration, cause list, case .... Read More
Centre for Excellence for Internet of Things (IOT)About:
It is a research centre which would create innovative applications and smart capabilities in the field of IoT (Internet of Things) for serving country’s needs like Smart City, Smart Health, Smart Manufacturing, Smart Agriculture etc.
Shaping IoT ecosystem: The center will help build industry capable talent, start-up community and an entrepreneurial ecosystem for IOT.
Futuristic R&D: The centre will focus on evolving breakthrough in futuristic technologies like AI( Artificial Intelligence), robotics and Industry 4.0 etc.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
GIS Software is designed to store, manage, display and analyze different types of geographic and .... Read More
BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money)About:
BHIM is a biometric payment system app using Aadhar platform, and is based on Unified Payment Interface (UPI) to facilitate e-payments directly through bank.
The payments through BHIM app can be made by just a thumb impression after the bank account is linked with Aadhaar gateway. Money can also be sent to non UPI supported banks.
It is developed and managed by National Payments Corporation of India.
Financial equality: BHIM will bring banking services within the reach of even those who are financially illiterate as it is simple to use and can be accessed just with a .... Read More
MyGov portal is a platform that serves as a medium for people, especially the youth, to connect with the Government directly and actively.
It is a technology driven medium that allows citizens to participate in multiple theme-based discussions.
Democratic governance: Citizens can share their thoughts and ideas with a wide range of people by uploading documents, case studies, pictures, videos, other work plans etc. on the platform and can volunteer for various tasks.
Platform for volunteers: The portal provides an avenue to volunteers who want to contribute towards nation building by channelizing their energies in suitable sectors and areas. .... Read More
Indian Railway Catering and TourismCorporation Ltd. (IRCTC)About:
IRCTC is an Indian railway’s online portal, launched in 2002, which handles catering, tourism and online ticketing system of Indian railways.
Professionalization: IRCTC has professionalized Indian railway services through its programs like train status enquiry, prompt alerts to passengers, paperless ticketing, marketing Indian railways and its services, loyalty program for frequent travellers called ‘Shubh Yatra’ etc.
Time and energy efficient: Online ticketing system has given people the facility to book tickets from anywhere and anytime.
Tourism promotion: IRCTC website offers various itineraries to tourists like ‘Bharat Darshan’, ‘Buddhist Circuit Train’ and ‘Maharaja’s .... Read More
e-Health is the provision of all health related services with the use of ICT(Information and Communication Technology) platform.
Telemedicine includes remote diagnosis and treatment of patients by means of ICT.
It also includes tele-consultation, tele-education, tele-follow-up etc.
Government has taken several initiatives at various stages of health care delivery to transform healthcare delivery into e-health such as:
National Health Portal
The portal provides information to citizens and stakeholders in six different languages about government health services, programmes and schemes available and serves as a single point of access for consolidated authentic health information.
It is an initiative to capture patient feedback .... Read More
CCTNS (Crime and Criminal Tracking Networks and Systems)
CCTNS is a crime and criminal records digitization project initiated in 2009 which inter-links all police stations in the country for aiding investigation.
The data is shared across the board and aggregated centrally.
Police data in CCTNS has been integrated with other pillars of the criminal justice system i.e. Courts, Prisons, Prosecution and Forensics and a new system- “Integrated Criminal Justice System (ICJS)” has been developed.
Digital Police Portal
It is a part of CCTNS project and was launched in 2017.
Citizens can report complaints online and submit request for antecedent verifications for self/tenants/employees.
§There is .... Read More
Air Sewa 2.0
It is an online portal managed by Ministry of Civil Aviation which offers following services:
Information about flights operating from various airports in India and their real-time status.
Improved grievance management i.e. submission of grievances and their tracking and feedback, including social media grievances.
Information about assistance available for disabled and minors at airports.
Boost to air travel: Air Sewa has facilitated air travel through its services like disclosure of real time status of flights, listing of services available at airports and easy operation through mobile app etc.
Prompt grievance redressal: The portal has helped significant .... Read More
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima YojanaPMFBY is an actuarial premium based scheme aimed to insulate Indian farmers from the vagaries of Indian monsoon.The scheme provides comprehensive risk coverage from pre-sowing to post-harvest losses due to non-preventable natural risks. It follows One Season-One Premium and One Nation – One Scheme theme. It incorporates the best features of all previous schemes (like NAIS and MNAIS) while removing their shortcomings and weaknesses.
The farmer needs to pay a uniform premium of 2% for Kharif, 1.5% for Rabi food & oilseed crops and 5% for annual commercial/horticultural crops.
The balance premium is .... Read More
Make In India
‘Make in India’ programme aims at promoting India as an important investment destination and a global hub for manufacturing, design and innovation. The ‘Make in India’ initiative has the objective of facilitating investment, fostering innovation, building class manufacturing infrastructure, improve ease of doing business and enhance skill development. The initiative has set an ambitious target of enhancing the manufacturing output contribution to 25% of GDP by 2025.
To promote efficiency and competitiveness in 27 specific domestic sectors
To create a conducive environment for investment, modern and efficient infrastructure
To open up new sectors for foreign investment in manufacturing sector
To forge partnership .... Read More
Samagra Shiksha AbhiyanSamagra Shiksha - an integrated Scheme for School Education has been launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. It is an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class XII and aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education in accordance with Sustainable Development Goal for Education.It envisages the ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels.
Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan subsumes three Centrally Sponsored Schemes,
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
Teacher Education (TE)
To provide quality education and enhance learning outcomes of .... Read More
This special is designed as per the changing pattern of civil services preliminary examination in recent times where at least 20 questions are from the Indian Polity and Governance section. In this issue, the emphasis is especially on often-overlooked section of the Prelims Syllabus namely Public Policy. Public policy section has been dealt with systematically through the holistic analysis of government schemes delineated across agriculture, manufacturing and services sectors.
Additionally, we have focused on the structural development of India by detailed analysis of the digital infrastructure of India along with its impact on various aspects of Indian governance framework. With increasing .... Read More