Civil Services Mains Examination Geography Of India & The World - GS Paper I

World's Physical Geography

Question. How does the Juno Mission of NASA help to understand the origin and evolution of the Earth? (CSE 2017)

Question. How does the cryosphere affect global climate? (CSE 2017)

Question. Account for variations in oceanic salinity and discuss its multi-dimensional effects. (CSE 2017)

Question. What characteristics can be assigned to monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 percent of the world population residing in Monsoon Asia? (CSE 2017)

Question. Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes. (CSE 2016)

Question. Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation? (CSE 2015)

Question. Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. Do you agree? (CSE 2014)

Question. Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes. (CSE 2014)

Question. Explain the formation of thousands of Islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos. (CSE 2013)

Question. What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support. (CSE 2013)

Question. What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the place? (CSE 2013)

Question. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why? (CSE 2013)

Natural Resources across the World including South Asia and India

Question. “Disputes between the riparian states on sharing of river waters in post-Independence India are becoming increasingly complex.” Objectively analyse the major disputes in this connection, with special reference to the Southern States. (CSE 2010)

Question. Why is India taking keen interest in resources of Arctic Region? (CSE 2018)

Question. “The ideal solution of depleting groundwater resources in India is water harvesting system.” How can it be made effective in urban areas? (CSE 2018)

Question. Petroleum refineries are not necessarily located nearer to crude oil producing areas, particularly in many of the developing countries. Explain its implications. (CSE 2017)

Question. The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain. (CSE 2016)

Question. India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity. (CSE 2015)

Question. What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences? (CSE 2015)

Question. Critically evaluate the various resources of the ocean which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world. (CSE 2014)

Question. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world. (CSE 2013)

Question. It is said that India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of the country for a quarter century. However, tapping of the resources doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved. (CSE 2013)

Question. Elucidate the factors contributing to the growing need for water harvesting in India, both rural and urban. (CSE 2005)

Question. What are the resource bases available for the economic development of the newly created States of Jharkhand and Uttarakhand? (CSE 2005)

Question. What is wasteland? Write a note on prospects of wasteland development in India. (CSE 2000)

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sector Industries

Question. Golden Revolution. (CSE 2010)

Question. Why is the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation? (CSE 2018)

Question. What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. (CSE 2018)

Question. Defining Blue Revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India. (CSE 2018)

Question. “In spite of adverse environmental impact, coal mining is still inevitable for development”. Discuss (CSE 2017)

Question. Mention the advantages of the cultivation of pulses because of which the year 2016 was declared as the International Year of Pulses by United Nations. (CSE 2017)

Question. In what way can floods be converted into a sustainable source of irrigation and all-weather inland navigation in India? (CSE 2017)

Question. Enumerate the problems and prospects of inland water transport in India. (CSE 2016)

Question. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate. (CSE 2015)

Question. Why did the green revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water? (CSE 2014)

Question. Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the iron and steel industry in the world. (CSE 2014)

Question. How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa? (CSE 2014)

Question. Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern States of India? Discuss with justification. (CSE 2013)

Question. Analyse the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India. (CSE 2013)

Question. Assess the contributions made by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in agricultural development. (CSE 2010)

Question. Technological changes have brought in a major shift in the use of roads as transport corridors in India. How far do you agree with this view? (CSE 2007)

Question. Examine the distribution of oil refineries in India. (CSE 2004)

Question. Give an account of the tea plantation of Assam and West Bengal and state the economic significance of these plantations. (CSE 2002)

Geophysical Phenomena (Earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic Activity, Cyclone, Etc.)

Question. Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. (CSE 2018)

Question.“The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation. (CSE 2016)

Question. Major cities of India are becoming vulnerable to flood conditions. Discuss. (CSE 2016)

Question. In what way micro-watershed Development projects help in water conservation in drought prone and semi-arid regions of India. (CSE 2016)

Question. Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so? (CSE 2015)

Question. How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Discuss. (CSE 2015)

Question. Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why? (CSE 2014)

Question. The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate. (CSE 2013)

Question. Bring out the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in Western Ghats. (CSE 2013)

Question. Examine the causes and the extent of ‘desertification’ in India and suggest remedial measures. (CSE 2012)

Question. List the significant local storms of the hot-weather season in the country and bring out their socio-economic impact. (CSE 2010)

Question. The winter rains in North India are largely related to Jet Streams and Western Disturbances. Bring out the relationship. (CSE 2008)

Geographical Features and their Location locational changes in Critical Geographical Features

Question. What are the consequences of spreading of ‘Dead Zones’ on marine ecosystem? (CSE 2018)

Question. South China Sea has assumed great geopolitical significance in the present context. Comment (CSE 2016)

Question. Present an account of the Indus Water Treaty and examine its ecological, economic and political implications in the context of changing bilateral relations. (CSE 2016)

Question. Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of Climate Change in the Indian sub-continent. (CSE 2014)

Question. Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the shivaliks and lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain. (CSE 2014)

Question. Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world. (CSE 2013)

Question. There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghats. Why? (CSE 2013)

Question. The impact of climate change on water resources in India. (CSE 2011)

Question. Assess the significance of coastal regions in the economic development of India. (CSE 2009)

Question. Discuss the wetlands and their role in the ecological conservation in India. (CSE 2009)

Question. Bring out the Significance of the various activities of the Indian Meteorological Department. (CSE 2009)

Question. Why do the rivers of west coast not from a delta? (CSE 2006)

Question. “Political boundaries and regional boundaries need to be co-terminus.” Do you agree? (CSE 2005)

Question. Why are the Aravallis called a divide between Mewar and Marwar? (CSE 2004)

Question. Describe the major characteristics of the rivers of Peninsular India. (CSE 2003)

Question. Account for the very high concentration of salt extraction industries in the Saurashtra and South Tamil Nadu Coast. (CSE 2003)

Question. Discuss the distribution of winds and rainfall over India in the summer monsoon season. (CSE 2002)

Question. Explain the causes of the Indian Monsoon. (CSE 2001)

Question. Had there been no Himalayas, what would have been the winter climate in north India. (CSE 2001)

Question. Mention the agro-climatic regions of India stating the basis of classification. (CSE 2000)