Dipankar Choudhary
Civil Services Examination 2019, IAS Topper, All India Rank–42
I am also very excited for new challenges and opportunities.


C.S.C. : Heartiest congratulations to you from Civil Services Chronicle for your success. How are you feeling about it?

Dipankar Choudhary : I am very happy. I am also very excited for new challenges and opportunities. Finally all my hard work and patience has paid off and I can take a sigh of relief.

C.S.C. : What is your inspiration for becoming an IAS officer? Whom do you give credit for your success? What is the role of family and others (teacher, friends) in your preparation and success?

Dipankar Choudhary : My father who is a retired civil servant was my primary inspiration. I could see myself working like him. Civil services give you diverse opportunities and the chance to grow to your full potential. That itself was a huge inspiration for me.

I give credit to my parents, my elder sister, my mentor Mr Smar Ranjan he is associate members of indian institute of public administration. He has always stood besides me throughout my preparation. He is truly my mentor in all respect.

my friends and my fiancé (Tanwika) for my success. Family, friends and your mentor are your support systems, your pillars of strength and a source of constant motivation and guidance in this long and arduous preparation. They help in every possible way be it mental support, emotional support, financial support or guidance of any sort.

C.S.C. : What strategy one should follow for preparing for General Studies Prelims & Mains? Did you integrate your Prelims and Mains preparation or was it separate?

Dipankar Choudhary : Yes, the strategy should be integrated but there are times when you need to prepare separately too. 3 months prior to prelims, you should be more prelims oriented and after prelims you have to be Mains oriented.

C.S.C. : How much time did you devote for Prelims, Mains, Interview, Optional ? How did you manage your time in both prelims and mains examinations?

Dipankar Choudhary : I started preparing in 2016 and in 2018 I was selected with a rank of 166 and was serving as an IPS in Kerala. So almost 2.5 to 3 years of dedicated preparation. Intially, like I said my preparation was integrated. For optional, it took me 5-6 months to finish it once and cover my basics. Thereafter I polished it; added more material, examples, theories; wrote test series and kept discussing with Smar Ranjan Sir.

I used to put in 8-10 hours of dedicated study everyday after I left my job.

C.S.C. : Did you prepare notes? How helpful are the notes? What is your advice on notes-making?

Dipankar Choudhary : Yes, I prepared notes for optional, ethics and modern history. For current affairs and everything else, I relied on the books and magazines but I used to scribble at the margins, cross reference everything and highlight using a marker. They served as my notes and I revised them over and over again for, maybe, I guess 7-8 times. I also prepared diagrams and flowcharts for many topics in my notes.

Notes are very important. They help you to revise speedily. As far as my advice goes, you can and should make notes specially for optional. The notes should be as concise as possible. You should be able to revise the entire paper 1 or paper 2 of your optional with the help of those notes in 2-3 hours.

The same goes for any subject you choose to make notes for. Making notes for current affairs can get very bulky in my opinion, so better rely on magazines and newspapers. But if one feels that some topic for current affairs is difficult to follow and understand then one can make notes for it.

C.S.C. : What was your optional?What was the basis of selecting this optional? What strategy one should follow for optional?

Dipankar Choudhary : My optional was Public Administration. I chose it because I had a very good mentor and the syllabus was simple. Moreover it overlapped with GS Paper 2, Indian economy, social issues and ethics.

For optionals it is very important to make notes and read good books. One shouldn’t completely rely on readymade notes but make it for oneself. Also keep reading Yojana, newspaper, NITI Aayog website etc for case studies, examples etc. Write test series to gauge your level of preparation.

C.S.C. : What was your preparation strategy and books which you referred for Ethics Paper?

Dipankar Choudhary : I relied on class notes of Mr Sanjeev Kumar, my public administration notes wherever they overlapped and examples from various sources like newspapers and Yojana. I also wrote test series for it.

C.S.C. : Tell us something about preparation of Essay paper.

Dipankar Choudhary : For essay I practiced a lot and focused on my flow and lucidity. The essay shouldn’t look abrupt and bumpy. The connection from one paragraph to another should be smooth. You don’t have to prepare extra GS topics for essay. All you should do is practice and focus on your writing skills.

The trick is moderation. Use of examples, stories, anecdotes, facts, case studies, personal life examples, quotations from eminent people, poems or couplets etc, but all in moderation. To develop these practice a lot and get it reviewed from peers and mentors. Read good essays written by toppers.

C.S.C. : What was your style of writing in the exam? How was it distinct from the general writing style? How did you develop this writing style?

Dipankar Choudhary : I focused a lot on presentation i.e. use of diagrams and flowcharts. I used it in almost 8-9 questions in every paper. Don’t overdo it though. Interlink your content by using cross referencing when revising as I have already mentioned. Focus on an edge of 1-2 marks in each question. Write answers point wise and also number all your points. You can use paragraph for introduction, conclusion and to connect two different parts of the answer but these should be brief, to the point and crisp. Avoid flowery and flamboyant language.

C.S.C. : How did you prepare for interview? Which type of questions were asked in interview? Did you answer all? Was there any specific area they emphasised upon?

Dipankar Choudhary : I prepared my DAF in detail and went for some mock interviews. They asked me questions mostly about my engineering background, my home-state and hometown and some situation based questions like-

If you have to make one amendment in the constitution of India, what would it be?

If you were asked to explain Fourier transform to a student of 9th standard, how would you do it?

What should India emphasize on, education budget or defense budget?

No, I didn’t answer a few questions. I simply said that I don’t know and I will look them up for the questions I didn’t know the answers to.

C.S.C. : Importance of coaching in the preparation of exam.

Dipankar Choudhary : Test series and the guidance of a good mentor is vital. You don’t have to join classroom classes necessarily.

C.S.C. : What is the role of Civil Services Chronicle in your success?

I have referred it for current affairs and a few other topics. I read topper’s strategies from it and used it to enrich my preparation.

C.S.C. : What is your source of Preparation? Which Books, Magazines, News Papers and Online Sources were used by you during your preparation?

Dipankar Choudhary :

C.S.C. : Suggested Book list for Optional paper 1 & 2.

Dipankar Choudhary :

Paper 1

  • Nicholas Henry
  • Stephen Robbins for selected topics,
  • BL Fadia,
  • MP Sharma,
  • Prasad and Prasad administrative thinkers,
  • Three books by Mohit Bhattacharya-Restructuring Public Administration, Public Administration: New Issues and Perspectives, Social theory and development administration.
  • The public administration theory primer by H George fredrickson and Kevin smith,
  • The public policy theory primer by Kevin smith and Christopher Larimer
  • Post Modern Public administration by Hugh T. Miller and Charles J. Fox
  • Selected IGNOU material.

Paper 2

  • 2nd ARC report,
  • Punchhi Commision report,
  • Yojana which are relevant.
  • RK Arora,
  • BL Fadia,

Current Affairs,

Updates from NITI Aayog website

  • Books: Ancientand medieval history: IGNOU Material.
  • Modern history: Bipan Chandra andS.Chand publication BL Grover- A new look at modern Indian History.
  • Geography: DR Khullar and Savinder Singh.
  • Economics: NCERT of class 11 and 12; and current affairs of 2.5 years.
  • Social issues: current affairs of 2.5 years and Public administration material.
  • Polity: Covered in Public administration.
  • Ethics: Sanjeev Sir's notes and Lexicon.
  • International relations: current affairs of 2.5 years and online material to look up background.
  • Art and culture: IGNOU and CCRT.
  • Environment: Self made notes, NIOS and current affairs of 2.5 years.
  • Newspaper: Indian express and Mint.
  • Online news portals like: Scroll, HW News English, WIRE, Firstpost, The Print etc.

Pradeep Singh
Civil Services Examination - 2019- IAS Topper, All India Rank–Ist
My inspiration for becoming IAS to is to work for the downtrodden sections mainly farmers and daily wage labourers.


C.S.C. : Heartiest congratulations to you from Civil Services Chronicle for your success. How are you feeling about it?

Pradeep Singh : Thank you I am feeling very happy and satisfied.

C.S.C. : What is your inspiration for becoming an IAS officer? Whom do you give credit for your success? What is the role of family and others (teacher, friends) in your preparation and success?

Pradeep Singh : My inspiration for becoming IAS to is to work for the downtrodden sections mainly farmers and daily wage labourers. There has been immense support from family friends and teachers during my preparation. I would like to give them all the credit for my success.

C.S.C. : What strategy one should follow for preparing for General Studies Prelims & Mains? Did you integrate your Prelims and Mains preparation or was it separate?

Pradeep Singh : I think prelims and mains are the two different phases of the single exam and therefore one should prepare for each phase with a different mindset.

However there is some syllabus that is common between prelims and mains and one need to focus on the factual aspects for the prelims and need to focus on building the opinion for mains.

C.S.C. : How much time did you devote for Prelims, Mains, Interview, Optional ? How did you manage your time in both prelims and mains examinations?

Pradeep Singh : I've been giving this exam since 2016 but started preparing seriously for this exam since 2017. I think one need to give focus to the mains and optional upto 6 months before the exam but last 6 months should be totally devoted to the prelims preparation.

C.S.C. : Did you prepare notes? How helpful are the notes? What is your advice on notes-making?

Pradeep Singh : Yes I also prepared the notes. notes are very handy when you have very less time for revision. One should make notes at least for the miscellaneous topics which you will not find normally in the conventional books.

C.S.C. : What was your optional? What was the basis of selecting this optional? What strategy one should follow for optional?

Pradeep Singh : My optional is public administration. I chose this optional because I have done BTech in Computer Science in Engineering which was not an available optional in the UPSC optional list and also I find it interesting and relevant to the service for which you are preparing.

C.S.C. : What was your preparation strategy and books which you referred for Ethics Paper?

Pradeep Singh : I have prepared some handwritten notes for the terms that is being given in the ethics paper 4 syllabus. for case studies I have practiced them enough before going to the exam.

C.S.C. : Tell us something about preparation of Essay paper.

Pradeep Singh : Essay is one paper which gives you the freedom to write freely in the exam. one should feel the freedom to write the essay. for preparing essay one should take cues from the topper’s copies of essay and from videos available on YouTube etc.

C.S.C. : What was your style of writing in the exam? How was it distinct from the general writing style? How did you develop this writing style?

Pradeep Singh : I did not have a single writing style in the exam . Actually one has to write the answer to the question according to the demand of the question. one needs to do enough answer writing practice to develop a style.

C.S.C. : How did you prepare for interview? Which type of questions were asked in interview? Did you answer all? Was there any specific area they emphasised upon?

Pradeep Singh : I prepared for the interview from various sources like internet newspaper magazine etc. interview mainly emphasized upon the government schemes , farmers problems , india china relations etc. there were some of the question whose Answer I wasn't able to give.

C.S.C. : Importance of coaching in the preparation of exam.

Pradeep Singh : The requirement of coaching depends upon various factors like availability of resources, study material , proper guidance. If it is available by any other means then there is no need of coaching. Otherwise you need someone while you start preparation and teach you if you are a fresh candidate.

C.S.C. : Suggested Book list for Prelims, GS & CSAT and Mains Paper 1 to 4 and Essay.

Booklist for prelims

  • Spectrum for modern history
  • Laxmikant for polity
  • NCERTs for geography,
  • Ramesh Singh or coaching notes for economics
Pradeep Singh : Answer writing practice for mains for CSAT no specific book, just focus on basic reasoning and arithematic skills.

Abhishek Saraf
Civil Services Examination - 2019, IAS Topper, All India Rank - 8
I am naturally inquisitive. I like to learn new things from a wide variety of sources, apply what I learn in daily life. IAS provides the best opportunity for that. This motivated me to join IAS.


C.S.C. : Heartiest congratulations to you from Civil Services Chronicle for your success. How are you feeling about it?

Abhishek Saraf : Honestly, it is a feeling of relief. The CSE chapter of my life has ended and it ended on a happy note. It also feel humbled and overwhelmed at the same time by the result. I never expected such a high rank. I was expecting a rank around 100.

C.S.C. : What is your inspiration for becoming an IAS officer? Whom do you give credit for your success?What is the role of family and others (teacher, friends) in your preparation and success?

Abhishek Saraf : I am naturally inquisitive. I like to learn new things from a wide variety of sources, apply what I learn in daily life. IAS provides the best opportunity for that. This motivated me to join IAS. The fact that IAS officers along with other civil servants contribute to the largest cross section of society and in the most direct manner inspired me to become an IAS officer.

I am eternally grateful to God Almighty for bestowing this success upon me. I owe an immense debt of gratitude to my mother. I would give the biggest credit to her. But credit also goes to my brother and sister-in-law, my whole maternal family and dear friends (especially Shubhanshu Jain, IPS) without whose support it would not have been possible.

My family supported me financially, logistically as well as emotionally. They gave me full freedom to write as many attempts as I wanted to no matter how much strain it put upon them. They dealt will all the problems that arose themselves without even telling me so that I can study free of any stress.

I would like to thank my friend Shubhanshu Jain, IPS for his critical inputs to my essays without which such result would not have been possible. I got 105 marks in essay paper in CSE 2017 and 79 marks in CSE 2018.. this is 40 marks below average. Hence, improvement in essay paper was critical for my success and I thank Shubhanshu for it. I would also like to thank Anmol Jain (AIR-14 CSE 2019) for his help in interview preparation.

C.S.C. : What strategy one should follow for preparing Examination General Studies Prelims & Mains? Did you integrate your Prelims and Mains preparation or was it separate?

Abhishek Saraf : As the name suggests, general studies is about working understanding of things. One has to balance depth with width of knowledge of the subject matter. Other than that, memorize the syllabus because that will help you sort out exam relevant material from whatever you read. It is advisable to read the toppers answer booklets. That will enable one to understand the depth of content that needs to be covered and also tricks topper use to improve presentation. It is advisable to do answer writing practice for at least 8-10 months in the first attempt. Answer writing practice will help only if answers are either reviewed by senior aspirant, selected candidates or self review based on top voted answer if one is using websites. Writing practice can be reduced further as one proceeds to second third attempts.

Special mention can be made of the ethics paper, it is more about application and less about theory. Not more than 20% of the answer should be composed of theory and 80% should discuss real life application of ethical principles. Examples from one’s own life and life of other accomplished people can be used.

Essay preparation- Two years of subpar performance (105 marks in CSE 2017 and 79 marks in CSE 2018) made me realise that essay paper is not about volume of content and the depth of knowledge. It is about diversity and broadness of perspective. The closest analogy I can give to make my point is that of a balanced diet. A balanced diet is supposed to contain all the major and micro-nutrients needed for human survival. Just like that in an essay there has to be a balance between a various perspectives of the topic. UPSC expects candidates to be knowledgeable thinking and analytical persons. Knowledge gets tested in GS papers and thinking and analytical capacity gets tested in essay paper. Lastly, you have to write only 2400 words at the maximum in 3 hours. GS papers make you write 4000 words. Less written words means UPSC has given time to think. So if you have brainstormed on a topic for 20 or so minutes, then UPSC has the right to expect some sort of learning or a logical way ahead that can help make improvement to the state of affairs. That is what the essay should be about- a discussion on the state of affairs from positive and negative perspectives, an analysis of the cause and a solution for a better future. Dear candidates, kindly do not just spill the existing knowledge in the paper. It will not yield you marks. Give your new perspective and an insight.

I oriented my preparation and answer writing strategy as per the above approach. And hopefully it yielded benefits. For Prelims- Yearlong preparation with self-notes. Revision in last one month with test series. Overall target was to finish 4000-5000 question including quizzes and full length mock tests for Paper 1 of prelims. Quizzes had to be solved all year long and notes have to be made.

Preparation for prelims and mains has to go all year round but separately. Even in the 1-2 months same books have to be read for prelims as well as mains but focus has to be on facts for prelims and analytical part for mains.

C.S.C. : How much time did you devote for This exam Prelims, Mains,Interview,Optional ? How did you manage your time in both prelims and mains examinations?

Prelims

Prelims preparation has to go all year round. Candidates can devote last 1-2 months for interview preparation as per one’s own convenience. Along with yearlong preparation as mentioned above, I used to devote 1 full month for prelims preparation.

Mains

My optional was civil engineering. Being a civil engineer by qualification as well as having cleared Engineering Services Exam (formerly called Indian Engineering Service) in 2013 provided me a lot of comfort. So I studied optional only between prelims and mains. When I had full day to study, I divided my day into 3 parts. 3-4 hours for newspaper. 4 hours for one GS topic and another 4 hours for another GS topic. When did not, I prioritized the newspaper and did that diligently. Whatever, time I had left over was used for GS preparation.

Interview

Generally it is said that you need 1 month to prepare for interview. But I tend to prepare a little bit more intensively than an average candidate. So it took me around 3 months to prepare for interview.

During Examination- Prelims

Solve the paper 1 in 3 iterations. Fill the bubbles only to those questions which you are 100% sure of in the first iteration. Also sort out and strike off the questions that you are absolutely unaware. Do not look at them again. Also mark the questions that you are partially sure of (for such questions write the options that you think are the possible answers in the question paper itself). In the second iteration, fill in the bubbles to those questions that you can answer with 70% or 60% certainty. In the third iteration go for questions that you have only 50% certainty. (70%, 60% certainty might sound vague but with enough test papers you develop a knack). Make sure you attempt 85-90 questions. Guess work in second third iterations should include at least 30 questions to ensure guess work lead to a net positive score. Learn the art of elimination to maximize attempt and accuracy.

Mains

7 minutes each for 10 markers. 11 minuets each for 15 markers. No prioritisation of questions was done. Attempted Q1 to Q20 in order. In ethics paper, 90 minutes for each part. 7 minutes for each of the 13 markers. 15 minutes for each case study.

C.S.C. : Did you prepare notes? How helpful are the notes? What is your advice on notes-making?

Abhishek Saraf : Yes I did make notes. But only for current affairs. I made my own notes for current affairs for mains as well as prelims separately. I did not rely on any coaching notes. Notes help one to internalise the content faster.. and what you internalise is what you really produce in the mains and interview.

I was particularly unskilled at making notes. So I made notes when I am reading the newspaper and trimmed them down iteratively during revisions. In the third iteration I reached the final crisp concise version that could be used for final revision.

C.S.C. : What was your optional? What was the basis of selecting this optional? What strategy one should follow for preparing .

Civil engineering.

There are various parameters to consider. Some people go by the previous years’ high scores. Empirical evidence suggests some options have consistently yielded higher scores. Sometimes people tend to go by ease of covering syllabus and availability of material in market. Some others tend to go by their interest in the subject matter. I think a combination of these factors with the best way to go by. However, the most important parameter is one’s interest in the subject matter. After all people do get selected from various optionals. If you are really interested in the subject you can work hard enough to become the subject topper in the exam. Otherwise, even in a so-called scoring optional you can end up with mediocre marks.

Civil engineering – College class notes or Distance Learning Programme Material of IES Master, PYQ books of ESE and CSE of Made Easy and Next IAS.

Optional papers can be very scoring and hence one needs to devote sufficient amount of time. Syllabus of optionals is limited while the same cannot be said about GS, which makes the cost benefit analysis very much favourable for devoting time on optionals.

It was relatively easier for me since my optional was my graduation subject and I had also cleared Engineering Services Exam (formerly called IES) of UPSC in 2013. So I could do well even by studying optional only between prelims and mains. I did not require any coaching for the subject either. However, other candidates can strategize as per the need of the subject and their comfort with the subject matter.

C.S.C. : Books and Strategy Prepration of Ethics Paper-IV

Abhishek Saraf : Read Lexicon cover to cover to develop familiarity with basic topics and used G Subba Rao’s book for reference. Ethics paper, it is more about application and less about theory. Not more than 20% of the answer should be composed of theory and 80% should discuss real life application of ethical principles. Examples from one’s own life and life other accomplished people can be used. Answers have to be diversified by invoking various topics and keywords mentioned in the syllabus in each answer. For eg. aptitude, attitude, emotional intelligence, personal ethics, public ethics etc.

C.S.C. : What was your style of writing in the exam? How was it distinct from the general writing style? How did you develop this writing style?

Abhishek Saraf : I wrote all answers in points.

I used data liberally. I tended to write 14-15 points in 10 mark questions and 20-22 points in 15 mark questions.

I could develop this style by making my own notes. It helped me internalise the data and other content better. This helped me reproduce the content better in the exam. I did intense writing practice in my CSE 2017 attempt. Based on a strong foundation, I could progressively make do with less and lesser answer writing practice in the next attempt.

C.S.C. : How did you prepare for interview? Which type of questions were asked in interview? Did you answer all? Was there any specific area they emphasised upon?

Abhishek Saraf : My approach for interview preparation is reading extensively about the topics in my DAF. My mantra is during the interview as far as the question on DAF are concerned you should be able to present something new that the board members might not be aware of. That will instantly move the level of conversation to another orbit and make the board feel positively about you. Preparation should be such that there is a consistency between how you represent yourself on paper (DAF) and how to come across helps in interview. UPSC is looking for an honest, rational and humble person. These traits have to be implicitly presented in your answers. Inconsistency in the answers in the interview shows dishonesty. Mugged up answers shows lack of rationality and are best avoided. Genuineness and humility in accepting shortcomings honestly will help you a lot.

Questions were on my patent application, research in India and abroad, IT sector and competition therein, tourism, Kashmiri Pandit issue, and world history. I could not answer some factual questions on world history. Most of the focus of the interview was on DAF.

C.S.C. : Importance of coaching in the preparation of exam.

Abhishek Saraf : Coachings are not at all necessary for GS. At best coachings can cover the static background in GS subjects. They can help streamline the preparation and provide a good foundation. But these things can very well be done using online sources. Candidates can streamline their preparation by reviewing the answer copies of previous years toppers and getting guidance from peers. I would advise candidates to liberally use online sources as well as recommended material from various coaching classes rather than the classes themselves. I follow insightsonindia, civilsdaily and IASbaba sincerely.

Even in test series, candidates can use coaching’s question papers and get them reviewed by peers and selected candidates. I would recommend against getting copies checked in coaching classes as the quality of feedback is unreliable at best and destructive and misleading at worst.Candidates may go for coaching for optional subjects.

C.S.C. : What is your source of Preparation. Which books, magazines, News papers and online Sources were used by you during your preparation !

Booklist mentioned below

Newspapers

  • The Hindu and Indian Express for prelims and mains
  • The Hindu, Indian Express and Times of India for Interview.

Websites

  • Civilsdaily- daily current affairs, editorial summaries, pib notes and daily quiz
  • InsightsonIndia- daily current affairs, answer writing practice, daily quiz, insights into editorial, RSTV summaries
  • IASbaba- daily current affairs, editorial summaries, quizes, TLP for answer writing, 60 day plan for prelims, RSTV summaries, AIR summaries.
  • Downtoearth- for starting 2 years of my preparation
  • IDSA- for starting 2 years of my preparation

C.S.C. : Suggested Book list for Prelims, GS & CSAT and Mains Paper 1 to 4 and Essay

Preliminary Examination Paper I (General Studies) and Paper II (Aptitude Test): No preparation done

History & Indian Culture

Modern History

A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir

Ancient History

‘Ancient India’ by RS Sharma (Old NCERT)

Medieval History

History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra (Old NCERT)

Indian Culture

Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hand written notes)

Geography

Physical

Geography

Certificate Physical and Human Geography

Maps Oxford School Atlas

Indian Geography India:

Physical Environment (NCERT)

World Geography

Fundamentals of Human Geography (NCERT)

Certificate Physical And Human Geography

Economy

Economy

India People and Economy (NCERT)

Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh

Recent Economic Survey

Polity

Polity

Indian Polity by Laxmikanth

NCERT books for Indian Polity

Current Affairs

Daily Current Affairs

The Hindu, Daily current affairs notes and quizes from

Science & Tech

Science & Tech

Daily Newspapers

Environment & Ecology

Environment & Ecology

Newspapers, Shankar IAS, NIOS Study Materials

Practice questions

Test papers and quizzes

Vision IAS test series of 35 tests

Daily quizzes all year long- from InsightsonIndia, Civilsdaily,

IAS baba

Main Examination

General Studies: IAS Mains Paper 1

  • Ancient History by R.S Sharma (Old NCERT)
  • Medieval History by Satish Chandra (Old NCERT)- relevant chapters only
  • Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania Hand written notes
  • The spectrum of modern India by Rajiv Ahir
  • Politics in India since Independence (NCERT)
  • India since Independence by Bipin Chandra (Old NCERT)
  • World History NCERT by Arjun Dev (Old NCERT)
  • Fundamentals of Physical Geography (NCERT)
  • Fundamentals of Human Geography (NCERT)
  • India: Physical Environment (NCERT)
  • India People and Economy (NCERT)
  • GC Leong
  • NCERT on Society
  • Newspaper for Environment, Disaster, Impact of globalisation, role of women + google searches


General Studies: IAS Mains Paper 2

  • Indian Constitution at Work (NCERT)
  • Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
  • Contemporary World Politics (NCERT)
  • Current affairs notes made by self all year round from Newspaper + InsightsonIndia, IASbaba, Civildaily
  • Internet searches for international bodies and other topics
  • ARC report + Punchhi Commission reports


General Studies: IAS Mains Paper 3

  • Indian Economy NCERTs of class 11th and 12th
  • Indian Economy for Civil Services Exam by Ramesh Singh
  • Economic Survey and Budget
  • India People and Economy (NCERT)
  • ARC Report on Disaster Management
  • Science and Technology- news and Vision IAS notes
  • Challenges to Internal security of India by Mr. Ashok Kumar
  • Current affairs notes made by self all year round from Newspaper + InsightsonIndia, IASbaba, Civildaily


General Studies: IAS Mains Paper 4

  • Justice Harvard - By Michael Sandel
  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude for Civil Services Examination by G. Subba Rao (just for selective reference)
  • Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude for IAS General Studies (main text)
  • Administrative Reforms Commission Report on Ethics

C.S.C. : Suggested Book list for Optionals paper 1 & 2.

Abhishek Saraf : Distance Learning Programme material of IES Master and PYQ Solution books for ESE and CSE by Made Easy and Next IAS.

Saquia Kausar
Jharkhand Judicial Services Examination- 2019
An Exclusive Interview


C.S.C.: Achieving top slot in the Judicial Services Examination is no small feet; accept our heartiest congratulations on your splendid success.

Saquia: Thank you!

C.S.C.: Can you recall the exact moment when you realized the importance of Judicial Services?

Saquia: When I was pursuing LL.B, one of my Seniors Cracked Judiciary, at that time I determined my mind towards judiciary.

C.S.C.: Finally, at what point of time did you make up your mind to make career in ‘Judicial Services’?

Saquia: While pursuing my LL.B.

C.S.C.: You must have read Toppers interviews in newspapers/magazines; what inspired you the most? Any particular success story which influenced your journey to this result?

Saquia: Selection of my seniors inspired me the most.

C.S.C.: Was JSE a planned decision or your parents’ wish? Did you keep in mind some time frame, for the examination preparation and number of attempts?

Saquia: Yes! They always wished that I should go for Judicial Services. As my father is an Advocate so he always wished that I should join judiciary.

C.S.C.: Describe the exact moment when you came to know about the importance of Judicial Services?

Saquia: When I visited court with my father and I saw the fame in which the J.M. go through.

C.S.C.: About Interview Boards, many candidates have set impressions. Do you consider such thoughts help or hinder one’s performance in Interview?

Saquia: The only quality which one should keep in mind is self confidence and way of self presentation.

C.S.C.: What was your first step when you were really serious about making a career in Judicial Services?

Saquia: Joining of Ambition Law Institute.

C.S.C.: Were you confident of your success in this examination and how did you react to this news of your success?

Saquia: It was amazing.

C.S.C.: In how many attempts have you achieved this success? How do you visualize your preparation/previous attempts?

Saquia: This was my fourth Interview.

C.S.C.: Were you preparing for other career opportunities as well while preparing for your ultimate goal i.e. Career in Judicial Services?

Saquia: No, only full time in preparation.

C.S.C.: While the changing economic environment offers immense lucrative career opportunities in various sectors, still what kept you motivated towards Judicial Services?

Saquia: My family support.

C.S.C.: What's important and what's not? Share your thoughts and opinions.

Saquia: Practice is very important.

C.S.C.: 'Time Management’ - is a key factor while making preparations as well as in writing examination papers. Did you come across such a problem during this period? If yes, then how did you manage things?

Saquia: Time Management is very important and regular studies also.

C.S.C.: Was Judicial Services Examinations a planned thing for you? Had you thought of some time frame for this examination?

Saquia: Yes it was the only thing for which I was devoted.

C.S.C.: List some of the Magazines, Newspapers, Books etc. which you read for 'General Studies’ preparation.

Saquia: Civil Service Chronicle Magazine, Ghatna Chakra & Lucent and The Hindu newspapers.

C.S.C.: How did you prepare yourself for Interview? When and which Board did you face? How did your interview go on, how much time it lasted and what were the questions asked during the Interview?

Saquia: Board 1. Ambition interview guidance programme, it was lasted for 15 minutes.

C.S.C.: Does the educational, financial and demographic status of the family of an aspirant have any impact on the preparation?

Saquia: Financial support and support in every aspect is very important.

C.S.C.: According to a recent report published by reputed survey agency, Civil Service Chronicle is the largest read Career & Competition magazine. What is your opinion?

Saquia: Yes, Civil Service Chronicle is very helpful.

C.S.C.: What is the secret of your success?

Saquia: Regular Studies, Time Management.

C.S.C.: To whom would you like to give the credit for your success?

Saquia: My parents, friends and Ambition Law Institute.

C.S.C.: Your favourite person.

Saquia: My parents.

C.S.C.: Your Strong Point

Saquia: My family support.

C.S.C.: Your Hobbies.

Saquia: Reading & Travelling

C.S.C.: Any suggestion/advice you would like to give to the future aspirants.

Saquia: Never loose hope.

Thank You very much and wishing you all the best for your future endeavors.

B I O - D A T A

NAME : SAQUIA KAUSAR

FATHER'S NAME : Woshaque Ahmad Khan

MOTHER'S NAME : Naseema Khanam

EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS :

Exam During Years University/Board College/School %age of Marks

LL.B. 2015 B.H.U. Law School 73%

12th 2008 CBSE NSDAV 70%

10th 2006 CBSE NSDAV 72%


HIMANI SHARMA
152nd Rank In Bihar Higher Judicial Services Examination - 2019


C.S.C. : Achieving top slot in the Judicial Services Examination is no small feet; accept our heartiest congratulations on your splendid success.

Himani : Thank you very much.

C.S.C. : Can you recall the exact moment when you realized the importance of Judicial Services?

Himani : Initially I wanted to go for litigation but I came to know about this Exam. From my very good friend Shishav Shukla and through him I got inspired for becoming a judge someday.

C.S.C. : Finally, at what point of time did you make up your mind to make career in ‘Judicial Services’?

Himani : In 3rd year of my 5 year B.A. LLB (Hons). Programme I realized I should start preparing.

C.S.C. : Was JSE a planned decision or your parent’s wish? Did you keep in mind some time frame, for the examination preparation and number of attempts?

Himani : Judicial Services was not literally planned but as soon as I realized this is what I want to do in my life I started preparing. I wanted to give my best in the 1st attempt.

C.S.C. : Describe the exact moment when you came to know about the importance of Judicial Services?

Himani : When I came to know the importance and responsibility of being a Judicial Officer.

C.S.C. : About Interview Boards, many candidates have set impressions. Do you consider such thoughts help or hinder one’s performance in Interview?

Himani : For interview I think one should focus on his own personality and confidence. Because the board is there to select you and not reject you.

C.S.C. : What was your first step when you were really serious about making a career in Judicial Services?

Himani : I joined Ambition Law Institute, this was my first step towards my journey.

C.S.C. : Were you confident of your success in this examination? How did you react to this news of your success?

Himani : Yes, I was confident but the real news actually surprised me.

C.S.C. : In how many attempts have you achieved this success? How do you visualize your preparation/previous attempts?

Himani : This was my first attempt in Bihar Judicial Services. Earlier I had given interview of U.P. Judicial Services also.

C.S.C. : Were you preparing for other career opportunities as well while preparing for your ultimate goal i.e. career in Judicial Services?

Himani : No this was my only goal.

C.S.C. : While the changing economic environment offers immense lucrative career opportunities in various sectors, still what kept you motivated towards Judicial Services?

Himani : The dignity of this post and opportunity to serve society in a particular way kept me motivated.

C.S.C. : What's important and what's not? Share your thoughts and opinions.

Himani : It is very important to stay with people who motivate you through this journey and stay away from negative thoughts.

C.S.C. : 'Time Management' - is a key factor while making preparations as well as in writing examination papers. Did you come across such a problem during this period? If yes, then how did you manage things?

Himani : Time management is the key here. I used to write answers in time bound manner and this helped me a lot in mains exams.

C.S.C. : List some of the Magazines, Newspapers, Books etc. which you read for ‘General Studies’ preparation.

Himani : Civil Services Chronicle Magazine helped me with G.S. and Current Affairs and along with it I used to go through you tube for some current updates.

C.S.C. : How did you prepare yourself for Interview? When and which Board did you face? How did your interview go on? How much time it lasted and what were the questions asked during the Interview?

Himani : I revised my subjects and remained updated with the current goings. My interview board was very polite and co-operative and my interview lasted about 20 minutes

C.S.C. : What is the importance of medium of examination for exams like JSE?

Himani : Medium of Examination does not matter really. Rather your content and expression is all that matters.

C.S.C. : Does the educational, financial and demographic status of the family of an aspirant have any impact on the preparation?

Himani : Yes, it sometimes makes you feel quitting but when dreams are big you need to be grilled and come up with confidence.

C.S.C. : According to a recent report published by reputed survey agency, Civil Services Chronicle is the largest read Career & Competition magazine. What is your opinion?

Himani : Yes, Chronicle helped me a lot during my preparation.

C.S.C. : What is the secret of your success?

Himani : Constant revision and determination

C.S.C. : To whom would you like to give the credit for your success?

Himani : To my parents, teachers, and my good friends.

C.S.C. : Any suggestion/advice you would like to give to the future aspirants

Himani : I would say, stay determined and trust yourself. The success is sure.

B I O - D A T A

NAME : HIMANI SHARMA

FATHER'S NAME : MR. MAHESH CHANDRA SHARMA

MOTHER'S NAME : MRS. KAMLESH SHARMA

DOB: 07.11.1993

EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS :

Exam During Years University/Board College/School %age of Marks

LL.B. 2012-2017 GGSIPU CPJ, Narela 70%

12th 2011 CBSE Apex Public School 57%

10th 2009 CBSE Apex Public School 58%


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