On 1st June, 2019, the government extended the ambit of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Yojana to all farmers across the country irrespective of land holding limit.
Previously, all landholding farmer families having cultivable landholding up to 2 hectare, whose names appear in the land records of States/UT, were eligible .... Read More
On July 1st, 2019, government constituted High-powered Committee of Chief Ministers (CMs) for Transformation of Indian Agriculture to bring structural reforms in agrarian sector in the country.
It is set up as per deliberations of 5th Governing Council meeting of NITI Aayog and in keeping with promise of Union Government for .... Read More
RBI is considering ‘on-tap’ licensing facility for small finance banks and proposed to issue the draft guidelines by the end of August, 2019 for promoting banking facility for small borrowers and encourage competition.
The ‘on-tap’ facility allows the RBI to accept applications and grant licence for banks throughout the year.
It .... Read More
On 28th June, 2019, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) relaxed leverage ratio (LR) for banks to help them boost their lending activities and to harmonise LR in line with Basel III standards keeping in mind financial stability of financial firms.
The LR now stands reduced to 4% for Domestic Systemically Important .... Read More
On 7th June, 2019, RBI issued the Prudential Framework for Resolution of Stressed Assets.
This was issued following the quashing of its revised framework for resolution of stressed assets by the Supreme Court in April, 2019.
Gives lenders a breather from the one-day default rule whereby they had to draw up an .... Read More
On June 2nd, 2019, government approved a new scheme which assures minimum monthly pension of Rs. 3000 per month to small shopkeepers, retail traders and the self-employed people after attaining the age of 60 years.
This is being done as part of the government’s efforts to offer universal social security.
Salient Features .... Read More
On 29th June, 2019, government came out with One nation-One Ration card scheme to be implemented throughout India by 30th June, 2020.
This is one of the 100-days agenda of the new government.
Portability of Food Security Benefits: It will allow portability of food security benefits, which will be available across the .... Read More
On 25th June, 2019, government kicked off a water conservation scheme, Jal Shakti Abhiyan, to deal with the water crisis in India.It will focus on five aspects:Water conservation and rainwater harvestingRenovation of traditional and other water bodiesReuse of water and recharging of structures, watershed developmentIntensive afforestationDrinking water sanitationOver the next .... Read More
On 5th June, 2019, Prime Minister set up two new cabinet committees under his chairmanship to focus on two key concerns - investment and employment.
The new committees will finalise policies to push growth, investment and employment with special focus on skill development.
Cabinet Committee on Investments
It will be chaired by Prime .... Read More
On 27th June, 2019, the government approved a new pilot scheme on fortification of rice and its dispersal through PDS to fight malnutrition for all age group especially children.
Under this, the addition of key vitamins and minerals such as iron, iodine, zinc, vitamins A & D to staple foods such .... Read More
Why in News?
The RBI constituted a committee under Nandan Nilekani in January, 2019, to review the existing status of digitisation of payments in the country, identifying the current gaps in the ecosystem and suggesting ways to bridge them.
Need for Digitisation
Digital Payment Lags Behind Cash Payment: Debit and credit card payments .... Read More
Why in News?
Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) in India are going through a rough phase following defaults by once a blue-chip infrastructure lender, Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services (IL&FS), on short-term debt instruments like commercial papers and non-convertible debentures (NCDs).
How this Crisis begun?
The ongoing liquidity crisis in the NBFC industry is .... Read More
On 10th June, 2019, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) proposed a whistleblower mechanism to tackle insider trading cases.
The proposed policy would be implemented by amending SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Regulations, 2015.
Absolute Confidentiality: The mechanism would provide near absolute confidentiality along with appropriate safeguards, and it .... Read More
On 13th June, 2019, SEBI introduced a probability of default mechanism to keep credit rating agencies (CRAs) in check.
Rating companies, in consultation with SEBI, will now create a uniform probability of default benchmark for each rating category on their website, for one-year, two-year and three-year cumulative default rates, both .... Read More
The government proposed a World Trade Organization (WTO)-compliant export promotion scheme along with a production based support scheme to boost Make in India.
It is one of the 100-days agenda of the new government.
Under the special and differential provisions of the WTO’s Agreement on subsidies and countervailing measures, so-called least-developed countries .... Read More
On 18th June, 2019, Expert Committee under U K Sinha On Micro Small and Medium Enterprises(MSMEs) submitted its report to RBI.
It was set up in January, 2019 to suggest long-term measures for the economic and financial sustainability of the MSME sector.
Establishing a Rs 5,000-crore distressed assets fund to make .... Read More
Moving a step closer towards becoming an environmentally friendly network and to contribute towards ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’, the Delhi Metro has now become the first ever Metro project in the country to receive power generated from a 12 MW waste-to-energy (WTE) plant in Ghazipur, Delhi.
The plant can process over .... Read More
On 12th June, 2019, Cabinet approved the ratification of a multilateral convention to implement OECD’s project on checking tax evasion.
The Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) was signed by India in Paris in 2017.
It will modify India’s treaties in .... Read More
On 20th June, 2019, Rivigo, a Gurgaon-based tech-enabled logistics start-up has launched National Freight Index (NFI) that will provide live freight rates for different lanes and vehicles across the country.The NFI is the barometer of the road freight market in India and is based on Rivigo rate exchange, which gives .... Read More
On 4th June, 2019, India notified a tax information exchange agreement (TIEA) with the Marshall Islands.
Sharing of Banking Information: It will enable bilateral sharing of banking information and allow officials of one country to undertake tax examinations in the other country.
Enhance Mutual Cooperation: It will enhance mutual cooperation between India .... Read More
India plans to add 500 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy to its electricity grid by 2030, in a bid to clean up air in its cities and increase the share of renewables in its electricity grid.
It targeted to installed 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022 without taking into .... Read More
On 20th June, 2019, the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks (CGPDTM) granted Geographical Indication (GI) tag for Kolhapuris, the ethnic leather chappal (footwear) to four districts in each state of Maharashtra and Karnataka.These leather chappals are hand-crafted and tanned using vegetable dyes making them unique.Brand Kolhapuri came .... Read More
India lost the world’s fastest-growing economy title to China. India had been ahead of China for two years.India registered 6.3% whereas China recorded a growth of 6.4% in the March Quarter, 2019..The country’s economic growth rate of India slowed to 5.8% during the fourth quarter of 2018-19 due to low .... Read More
On June 11, 2019,the Indian Railway Station Development Corp (IRSDC) and French Railways entered into a tripartite agreement.Under this agreement, French development agency AFD will provide in-kind grant of up to 7,00,000 euros through French National Railways-Hubs and Connexions as a technical partner to IRSDC to support the railway station .... Read More
World Investment Report 2019World Investment Report is published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).In its 2019 report, it mentions that India received foreign direct investments worth $42 billion in 2018, helped by robust inflows in manufacturing, communication and financial services.India attracted over 77% of the total .... Read More
On 10th June, 2019, Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) declared ancient Buddhist site Chaukhandi Stupa in Sarnath (Uttar Pradesh) as protected monument of national importance.
About Chaukhandi Stupa
It was built as a terraced temple during the Gupta period between the 4th and 6th centuries to mark the site where Lord Buddha .... Read More
Nearly 40% of the rock paintings in Karikiyoor at Kil Kotagiri in the Nilgiri forests have been destroyed in last few years by trekkers, tourists, and vandals.
It is a Dravidian ethnic group, belonging to negrito race, inhabit the area of the Nilgiri mountains, in the states of Tamil Nadu .... Read More
The 23rd edition of Sindhu Darshan Utsav 2019 started at Sindhu Ghat Shey in Leh from 24 to 27 June.
The 4-day event is organised by Sindhu Darshan Yatra Samiti (SDYS) in collaboration with Ladakh Phanday Tsogspa.
The festival was first started in October 1997, for celebration of unity, communal harmony along .... Read More
On June 19th, 2019, Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena gifted Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi a Samadhi Buddha statue (Buddha in meditation posture), during latter’s visit to Island nation.
About Samadhi Buddha Statue
This is considered to be one thebest sculptures of Anuradhapura era (377 BC to 1017 AD) which is the .... Read More
On 12th June, 2019, Cabinet approved the introduction of Special Economic Zones (SEZ)(Amendment) Bill, 2019.
After the amendment of the SEZ Act, 2005, a trust or any entity notified by the central government will be eligible to be considered for grant of permission to set up a unit in SEZs.
Special Economic .... Read More
On 1st June, 2019, government created a new Ministry called Jal Shakti by merging erstwhile Ministries of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and Drinking Water and Sanitation.
To have one ministry will help in developing an integrated data management system in order to fix the water crisis looming across .... Read More
Why in News?
Recently the outbreak of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) in Bihar has claimed lives of more than 130 children in Muzaffarpur and its adjoining areas.
What is AES?
Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) is a group of Clinical neurologic manifestation caused by wide range of viruses, bacteria, fungus, parasites, spirochetes, chemical and .... Read More
On 16th June, 2019, National Investigation Agency Special(NIA) Court, Ahmedabad pronounced its judgment in the Jet Hijacking Case, making the accused Birju Kishor Salla the first convict under the Anti-Hijacking Act of 2016.
Anti-Hijacking Act, 2016
It replaced the Anti-Hijacking Act, 1982, which had insufficient penalties and shortcomings such as hijackers could .... Read More
Prime Minister initiated the idea of One Nation, One Election (ONOE) with the motto of conducting the Lok Sabha and the state assembly’s elections together, once in five years.
However, the initiative will need a constitutional amendment, which will have to be ratified by 50 percent of the states.
Simultaneous elections are .... Read More
On 12th June, 2019, Cabinet approved the New Delhi International Arbitration Centre (NDIAC) Bill, 2019, with a view to promote ease of doing business in India.
It provides for the repeal of the New Delhi International Arbitration Centre Ordinance, 2019 and saves all the actions done or taken under the ordinance .... Read More
On 12th June, 2019, Union Cabinet approved the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 by replacing the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Second Ordinance, 2019.
It proposes to declare the practice of triple talaq as void and illegal.
Salient Features of the Bill
Cognisable Offence: It makes declaration .... Read More
After massive landslide victory in 2019 general election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave his new slogan -NARA, standing for “National ambition, regional aspiration”.By giving this new slogan, he vowed to end regional imbalances, a major problem prevailing across the country and a huge hindrance in the growth and development of .... Read More
On June 2nd, 2019, the Telangana Government extended the Rythu Bandhu scheme for 2019-20, while enhancing the amount from Rs 4000 to Rs 5000.
The scheme is aimed at providing income support to the agriculturists.
The amount would be paid through through e-Kuber, the RBI payment platform.
It is the Core Banking Solution .... Read More
On 5th June, 2019, Meghalaya Launched a One Citizen One Tree campaign with an aim to plant more trees in the state.Prioritized area of the initiative is to plant trees in the Vulnerable Catchment Areas of Umiew Catchment which forms apart of Greater Shillong Water Supply and Ganol Catchment which .... Read More
Ruling party Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP) in Nagaland has triggered a debate on Article 371(A) that guarantees special status for the people of Nagaland.
It said that taking the advantage of provision in Article 371(A), the landowners usually do not allow the government to carry out any development activities on .... Read More
On 1st June, 2019, in a move to have a better connect with armed forces veteran officers, family pensioners and to address their grievances, a website-RODRA, was launched by theManpower Planning (MP) Directorate.
Due to lack of digitisation and non-availability of latest address and contact details of veterans, connecting with veteran .... Read More
On 2nd June, the Punjab and Haryana High Court ruled that all animals are legal persons entitled to legal rights like human beings.
The verdict comes nearly a year after Uttarakhand High Court passed a similar order to protect and promote greater welfare of animals.
Need for Such Move
Various animals in India .... Read More
National Mission on Natural Language Translation
The Ministry of Electronics and IT will soon place before the Union Cabinet a Rs 450 crore proposal for Natural Language Translation — one of the key missions identified by the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC). The proposal is part of .... Read More
On 12th June, 2019, Ministry of Tribal Affairs launched e-governance initiatives for welfare schemes for Scheduled Tribes (ST) in the form of two digital portals-Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)Tribal and NGO Grants Online Application and Tracking System.
In DBT Tribal portal, there are 3 main modules for Pre-Matric & Post-Matric Scholarship. Data .... Read More
On 13th June, 2019, government reduced the salary contribution of industrial workers who are eligible for healthcare benefits under the Employees’ State Insurance Act (ESI) Act from 6.5% to 4%.
The move, aimed at formalising India’s informal workforce and expanding social security coverage, will be effective from July 1, 2019.
Employer’s contribution .... Read More
Recently, Prison Statistics India 2016 report was published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).
Prison population: At the end of 2016, there were close to 4,33,000 people in prison. Of these, 68% were undertrials, or people who are yet to be found guilty of the crimes they are .... Read More
On 31st May, 2019, World No Tobacco Day, the Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR) released a white paper recommending a complete ban on Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), including e-cigarettes, stating their use can initiate nicotine addiction among non-smokers.
The release of the white paper comes amid a raging debate over .... Read More
On 5th June, 2019, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) released a study stating that the central government’s flagship scheme -Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), has helped to reduce groundwater contamination in the country.
It aimed at assessing the environmental impact and communication footprint of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen (SBM-G).
Swachh Bharat Mission
Launched in .... Read More
By an amendment to the Foreigners Tribunals(FT) Order, 1964, Ministry of Home Affairs has empowered district magistrates in all States and Union Territories to set up tribunals to decide whether a person staying illegally in India is a foreigner or not. Earlier, the powers to constitute tribunals were vested only .... Read More
On 1st June, 2019, the center approved changes to the Prime Minister’s Scholarship Scheme for wards of deceased defence personnel under the National Defence Fund
The ambit of the Scholarship Scheme has been extended to the wards of State Police officials who are or were martyred during terror or Naxal .... Read More
On 6th June, 2019, Equal Measures 2030 released the 2019 SDG Gender Index, which finds that nearly 40 per cent of women and girls, live in countries that are “failing on gender equality.”
The index report titled, ‘Harnessing the Power of Data for Gender Equality: Introducing the 2019 EM2030 SDG Gender .... Read More
On 6th June, 2019, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation launched Swachh Survekshan League, 2020.
SSL 2020 will be a quarterly cleanliness assessment of cities and towns in India and will be integrated with Swachh Survekshan 2020.
Ranks will be assigned in two categories,: cities with a population of one .... Read More
Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid visit to Maldives and Sri Lanka on 8th and 9th June 2019 respectively which was his first international visit during his second stint as the PM. The visit to Maldives and Sri Lanka underlines the new government’s priority to giving primacy to India’s neighbourhood, a .... Read More
India was unanimously supported by the Asia-Pacific group for its candidature of UN Security Council’s (UNSC) non-permanent membership.
India’s support in the Asia-Pacific voting
All countries in the 55-member Asia-Pacific Group have unanimously supported India for its bid for a non-permanent seat at the UNSC for a two-year term in 2021-22.
India also .... Read More
Prime Minister participated in the annual summit of G 20 ‘Heads of the Government’ held on 29 June 2019 at Osaka Prefecture, Osaka, Japan.
Highlights of the meeting
Nineteen G-20 members apart from the US recommitted themselves to Paris climate deal.
The US and China reached a rapprochement with the US declaring no .... Read More
India, on 11 June, voted in favour of a decision introduced by Israel that objected to granting consultative status to a Palestinian group at the UN’s Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
About the UN vote
India voted in favour of Israel in the ECOSOC to deny the Palestinian non-governmental organisation ‘Shahed’ the .... Read More
Prime Minister Narendra Modi took part in the annual Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit held at Bishkek, Kyrgystan.
Important outcomes of the summit
The SCO Heads of State Council committed themselves to follow the Shanghai Spirit that embodies mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, mutual consultations, and respect for the diversity of cultures .... Read More
The US on 31 May announced its decision to end preferential tariffs (GSP benefits) amounting to $5.6 billion of Indian exports from June 5. US cited India’s reluctance to allow US equitable and reasonable access to Indian markets as the reason behind this move.
Indian response to US’ move
India believes .... Read More
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has reported that Iran is now producing more enriched uranium than before, but it is not clear when it might reach stockpile limits set in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Also, Iran on 20 June 2019 shot down a U.S. spy drone near .... Read More
ILO Treaty on Violence at Workplace
The International Labour Organization (ILO) has adopted a global treaty against violence and harassment in the workplace in its Centenary Conference in Geneva.
The treaty was adopted by delegates from the 187 member states.
The treaty is binding only on those states that ratify it.
It applies .... Read More
Hundreds of thousands of protesters dressed in white marched in the streets of Hong Kong on 9th June to protest against the government’s extradition bill. Protesters included people from the business community, lawyers, students, members of religious groups andeven housewives. This is the biggest gathering of protesters in Hong Kong .... Read More
The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a global campaign that urges countries to adopt its new online tool aimed at guiding policy-makers and health workers to use antibiotics safely and more effectively.
Aim of the Campaign
Aims to achieve a 60 per cent increase in use of antibiotics under the Access .... Read More
India on June 12th, conducted first test flight of the indigenously developed Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) from a base off the Odisha coast. The only other countries that possess this technology are the US, Russia and China.
It is an unmanned scramjet (allowing supersonic combustion) demonstration vehicle that can cruise .... Read More
India’s underwater weaponry is set to get more firepower with the Navy deciding to induct the indigenously developed heavyweight torpedo “Varunastra” into its arsenal. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) in Hyderabad has signed a contract worth Rs 1,187 crore to manufacture the torpedoes to arm both warships and submarines.
Features of Torpedoes
The .... Read More
The National Geographic Society announced on June 14th, the successful installation of the world’s highest operating weather stations on Mount Everest. This will provide researchers, climbers, and the public with near real-time information about mountain conditions.
The multi-disciplinary team installed the world’s two highest operating automated weather stations at Balcony area .... Read More
Just off the coast of Louisiana and Texas where the Mississippi River empties, the ocean is dying. The cyclical event known as the dead zone occurs every year, but scientists predict that this year’s event could be one of the largest in recorded history.
Reason for this Dead Zone
Annual spring rains .... Read More
An Australian man recently captured the elusive undulatus asperatus cloud. It’s as rare to spot as it is tough to pronounce. Undulatus asperatus wasn’t even classified as a cloud formation until 2017.
How are they formed?
Two main theories exist on what leads to their formation. They may be a distant cousin .... Read More
A group of more than 1,000 farmers gathered in a village in Akola, Maharashtra to sow seeds of an unapproved, genetically modified variety of cotton, defying government regulations. The government is now investigating what was planted.
Why are Farmers Taking this Decision?
Farmers in Akola planted a herbicide-tolerant variety of Bt cotton. .... Read More
India now has a state-of-the-art “air traffic flow management - central command centre” (C-ATFM) that will help balance capacity against demand for optimum utilisation of resources like airspace and aircraft at capacity-constrained Indian airports.
What is C-ATFM?
It is primarily meant to address the balancing of capacity against the demand to achieve .... Read More
The full moon in June or the last full moon of Spring season is referred to as the Strawberry moon.
Why is it called Strawberry Moon?
According to NASA, the name comes from the relatively short season for harvesting strawberries in northeastern North America.
The phenomenon is called ‘Strawberry moon’ because the Old .... Read More
Global internet body Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Indian IT industry body National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom) collaborated to develop identifier technology to manage devices and infrastructure using internet.
Under the collaboration, both partners will initially focus on testing the use of the .... Read More
NASA’s PUNCH & TRACERS MissionNASA has selected two new missions to study the Sun and its dynamic effects on space weather.PUNCH: The Polarimeter to Unify the Corona and Heliosphere, or PUNCH will focus directly on the Sun's outer atmosphere, the corona, and how it generates the solar wind. TRACERS: .... Read More
The chief of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) K Sivan announced on 13th June, that India is planning to have a space station of its own. The project will be an extension of the Gaganyaan mission.
Features of Indian ISS
The deadline for the launch of the Indian space station, which ISRO .... Read More
The Cabinet Committee on Security headed by Prime Minister has cleared the setting up of new agency called the Defence Space Research Agency (DSRA). This agency has been entrusted with the task of creating space warfare weapon systems and technologies.
In April, government established the Defence Space Agency (DSA) to command .... Read More
Just over a month after the powerful cyclone Fani devastated large areas of Odisha, another cyclone Vayu was in news, that was heading towards Gujarat coast. Vayu was much weaker than Fani. At its strongest, it generated winds of speed 110-120 km per hour.
Delay of Monsoon: While Vayu did not .... Read More
Odisha has come out with a unique flood hazard atlas on the basis of historic flood inundation captured through satellite imagery over the period from 2001 to 2018, which is expected to help the State manage floods more efficiently.
The National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of the ISRO, Hyderabad had taken .... Read More
A joint expedition of the Arunachal Pradesh Forest Department, Help Earth and Turtle Survival Alliance/ Wildlife Conservation Society-India turned lucky when they chanced upon two tortoises (a male and a female) of the Impressed Tortoise (Manouria impressa) in June 2019 near Yazali of Lower Subansari District of Arunachal Pradesh.
Genus: .... Read More
A team of scientists from University of Delhi and Wildlife Institute of India, in collaboration with researchers from Indonesia and USA, have discovered a remarkably beautiful new frog belonging to the microhylid genus Micryletta from the Northeast of India.
Genus: Commonly known as paddy frogs, the first known species of .... Read More
The invasive Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed, which smothers and kills coral reefs, has spread its wings to coral reef areas in Valai island in the Gulf of Mannar (GoM) and is set to invade new coral colonies in the marine national park.
Area of Influence
After invading Shingle, Kurusadai and Mulli islands in .... Read More
Scientists from the University of Kerala have decoded the genetic make-up of Arogyapacha (Trichopus zeylanicus), a highly potent medicinal plantendemic to the Agasthya hills. This ‘miracle plant’ is known for its traditional use by the Kani tribal community to combat fatigue.
Significance of the Discovery
Studies have proved its varied spectrum of .... Read More
Union Environment Minister, Shri Prakash Javadekar launched a people’s campaign #SelfiewithSapling on June 4th, urging all to join and plant a sapling and post the selfie with the sapling on social media.
World Environment Day 2019
World Environment Day is the biggest annual event for positive environmental action and takes place every .... Read More
On the occasion of World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, Environment Minister announced that India will be hosting the fourteenth session of Conference of Parties (COP - 14) from 29th August – 14th September 2019.
The Union Minister also launched a flagship project on enhancing capacity on forest landscape restoration .... Read More
Gujarat is facing a severe water crisis this year with 96 of the state’s 250 tehsils, spanning 17 districts, having been declared either drought-affected or scarcity-hit, a majority of these in Saurashtra and North Gujarat. The Gujarat government has declared that there is enough water for drinking until July 31, .... Read More
India is now the lowest-cost producer of solar power globally, according to a report by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
The IRENA report titled ‘Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2018’, revealed that the total installed costs of utility-scale solar PV in India is as low as $793 per kilowatt .... Read More
A new species of wasp from the genus Kudakrumia has been recently identified by scientists in Goa. The wasp, Kudakrumia rangnekari, was named after Goa-based researcher Parag Rangnekar. The new species was collected in the forests of Western Ghats.
He is the author of a book “Butterflies of Goa”, which .... Read More
El Salvador has, in a historic move, recognised forests as living entities. Its citizens, will now be required to preserve forests. The pronouncement was made on World Environment Day, which is celebrated on June 5 every year, by the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador.
El Salvador has lost about 85 .... Read More
Towards achieving the goal of Clean and Green Navy, Indian Navy has formulated a plan - Indian Navy Environment Conservation Roadmap (INECR) with specific action plans covering the entire gamut of operations, maintenance, administration and infrastructure/ community living.
The Roadmap envisions ‘Reduction in Energy Consumption’ and ‘Diversification of Energy Supply’ .... Read More
The Government of Bihar recently banned felling of trees, citing increasing pollution as well as a fatal heatwave.
Bihar government has repeatedly announced that it will increase green cover in the state to 17 per cent. Till now, Bihar has been able to increase its green cover from 7 to .... Read More
A team of scientists at Delhi-based National Institute of Plant Genome Research has unraveled the genomic diversity associated with aggressiveness of two Indian strains of Rhizoctonia solani, the fungal pathogen that causes the dreaded Sheath Blight disease in rice.
The researchers have identified several genes and gene families in the .... Read More
Between 2010 and 2019, botanists and taxonomists working on Impatiens -- a group of plants commonly known as Balsams or jewel-weeds -- discovered 23 new species from the eastern Himalayas.
Consisting of both annual and perennial herbs, balsams are succulent plants with high endemism and sensitivity to climate change. Most .... Read More
The Mata Vaishno Devi shrine, a religious pilgrimage atop a hilltop that attracts lakhs of devotees from across the world every year, will get a dedicated in-house disaster response force by September 2020.
Nearly 86 lakh pilgrims visited the shrine, atop the Trikuta hills in Reasi district of Jammu region, .... Read More
The Army’s Eastern Command headquarters at Fort William will play an important role in monitoring the air quality in Kolkata. On June 4th, the sixth Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring System (CAAQMS) was commissioned there .The CAAQMS is special as it will be the ‘control station’ and its readings will .... Read More
MoRTH’s Draft Notification on Battery Operated VehiclesIn order to give a boost to Battery-Operated or Electric Vehicles in the country, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has initiated steps for providing for differential registration fees under the Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989.For this, the Ministry has issued a draft .... Read More
Japan has resumed commercial whaling from July 1, after it announced in December 2018, that it would leave the International Whaling Commission (IWC).
How long Japan has been Whaling?
Some areas whaled in prehistory, and in modern times, eating whale meat is confined to specific regions only.
Though Japan’s government insists eating .... Read More
Civil Services Chronicle: Achieving top slot in the Judicial Services Examination is no small feat; accept our heartiest congratulations on your splendid success.KANIKA: Thank you so much!
CSC: Can you recall the exact moment when you realized the importance of Judicial Services?
KANIKA: I believe it’s the day to day realization that .... Read More
Global Leadership Awards 2019
Google’s India-born CEO Sundar Pichai and Nasdaq President Adena Friedman have been awarded with the prestigious Global Leadership Awards 2019 in recognition of the two companies’ contribution as the leading technology-driven platforms.
The award is given annually by Washington-based US-India Business Council (USIBC) whichrecognises top corporate executives from .... Read More
Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi has died after collapsing in a Cairo court.
Morsi was a top figure in the Muslim Brotherhood and the first democratically elected president in Egypt’s modern history.
He had been in jail since he was toppled by the military in 2013 after mass protests against his .... Read More
Narendra Damodardas Modi has been sworn in as the Prime Minister of India for the second consecutive term -- becoming only the first non-Congress PM to achieve the feat. He was recently conferred with ‘Order of the Distinguished Rule of Izzudeen’, Maldives’ highest honour for a foreign dignitary during .... Read More
Azim H Premji
IT major Wipro Ltd has announced that its founder Azim H Premji would retire as executive chairman and managing director (MD) of the company by the end of July. However, he will continue to serve on the board as non-executive director and founder chairman.
Chief executive officer and executive .... Read More
The African Union has suspended Sudan’s membership amid an upsurge of violence in the capital that has seen dozens killed.
The pan-African body has warned of further action if power is not transferred to a civilian authority - a key demand of pro-democracy protesters.
Mauritania, a nation in Northwest Africa went to .... Read More
Gujarat Unveils India’s First Emissions Trading Scheme
The Gujarat government has started a novel emissions trading programme aimed to cut particulate air pollution and facilitate robust economic growth.
Chief minister Vijay Rupani launched the pilot programme in Surat, a densely populated industrial centre with a significant number of polluting textile and dye .... Read More
FIFA Women’s World Cup
The 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup is the eighth edition of the FIFA Women’s World Cup being hosted by France.
The official mascot for the FIFA Women’s World Cup, France 2019 is a young French poussin named ‘Ettie’.
Ettie is a young chicken with a passion for life and .... Read More
What is a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT)?Countries have increasingly engaged in the signing of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) in order to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). The basic guiding principle behind such treaties is to ensure protection of investments by the foreign investors in the host country.Foreign investors in general .... Read More
The draft National Education Policy, 2019 (henceforth NEP) was amongst the first documents to be released by the new government that took over on 30 May 2019. In the public domain from 1 June 2019, with suggestions invited till 30 June, it requires careful scrutiny.
Summary of Committee Report
The Committee for .... Read More
If you could get access to a tool to make you smarter, happier, stronger and disease free, would you grab it with both hands? How about doubling the life span to almost 150-160 years and reducing the sleep hours to just 3-4 hours without fatigue and delirium? What about permanently .... Read More
Winston S. Churchill once said “Healthy citizens are the greatest asset any country can have”. Countries like India, where every year many children die untimely due to lack of healthcare facilities, should realize that their assets are declining and they need immediate attention.
More than 150 children, mostly from poor rural .... Read More
IntroductionSeveral heads of state, including those from the Bay of Bengal community (BIMSTEC) and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) took part in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s swearing-in ceremony held on May 30 on India’s invitation. The move is in line with the government’s focus on its ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy as .... Read More
Recently doctors in some parts of the country went on strike due to attacks on them by patients and their relatives. The doctors were providing only essential and emergency services. In recent times, a trend is emerging where doctors are threatened or beaten up by patients and their relatives but government fails to take any effective action against them. Doctors are extremely unhappy and skeptical due to such incidents. Patients and their relatives on the other hand, complain that doctors have become careless, commercial and money-minded. Such developments have resulted in erosion of compassionate and caring attitude of doctors, which .... Read More
Recently seven workers belonging to a particular community died in a hotel in Vadodra, Gujarat while cleaning septic tank. Through media report, it has come to light that people of this community have been practicing manual scavenging work since ages and it is their traditional occupation. However, some members expressed their plight that due to unavailability of some alternate regular employment, they are forced to take up job as manual scavengers. These people are even unaware of the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013. Even when manual scavenging has been legally abolished still majority .... Read More
India, despite achieving an impressive and steadily rising economic growth in recent years, still faces the twin challenge of creating adequate decent employment opportunities for scores of young men and women joining the labour market every year and facilitating the transition from informal to formal employment for those already in the labour market.
What is Unemployment?
Unemployment is a phenomenon that occurs when a person who is capable of working and is actively searching for the work is unable to find work. People who are either unfit for work due to physical reason or do not want to work are excluded from .... Read More
What are labour reforms?
Labour reforms essentially mean taking steps in increasing production, productivity and employment opportunities in the economy in such a manner that the interests of the workers are not compromised. Essentially, it means skill development, retraining, redeployment, updating knowledge base of workers, teachers, promotion of leadership qualities and labour law reforms. Labour laws are concerned with the trade union rights of the workers, industrial relations and job security and policies relating to wages, bonus and other incentive schemes. In short, labour reforms are the changes in the existing labour legislation with twin-fold objectives: to promote creation of formal .... Read More
As per International Monetary Fund (IMF), India has been one of the fastest growing large economies in the world. It further asserted that the country has carried out several key reforms in the last five years, but more needs to be done. According to IMF estimates, India’s economy grew at 7.1% in Financial Year (FY) 2019 and is expected to accelerate to 7.3% growth this fiscal and to 7.5% in FY21.
The challenges of the Indian Global EconomyWhat are the Trade Barriers?Infrastructure Bottlenecks
Problems with country’s roads, railroads, ports, airports, education, power grids, and telecommunications infrastructure are significant obstacles as the nation .... Read More
Indian agriculture is presently at the crossroads in more than one sense. The share of agriculture in the GDP has been shrinking, while it continues to provide livelihood support to more than two-thirds of the rural population. The slowdown in performance of the sector in the recent years is a cause for concern in the overall agenda for food and income security. with structural changes in agriculture, there is need tobroaden the range of agricultural activities to improve productivity, achieve sustainable inclusive growth and to realise the vision of doubling farmer's income by 2022.
Agriculture in India
Agriculture sector has a significant .... Read More
Q1. Discuss the role of women and problems faced by them in Indian agriculture sector.
Ans.: Women play a central role in all agricultural activities from planting-to-harvesting-to-post-harvest operations. Women’s participation rate in the agricultural sectors is about 44 per cent.They are also involved in allied sectors like fisheries, horticulture, livestock production, sericulture and collection of non-timber forest produce.
According to Economic Survey, with growing rural to urban migration by men, there is ‘feminisation’ of agriculture sector, with increasing number of women in multiple roles as cultivators, entrepreneurs, and labourers.
Problems Faced by women in agricultural sector
Land Ownership Right - The biggest challenge is .... Read More