Current Affairs Question - April 2020


International Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change

Petersberg Climate Dialogue


Consider the following statements with reference to the Petersberg Climate Dialogue:

  1. Petersberg Climate Dialogue has been organized by the Government of Russia since 2009.
  2. The 11th Dialogue was co-chaired by Germany and the United Kingdom, the incoming Presidency of 26th Conference of Parties (COP 26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Defence & Security

Pitch Black 2020


Recently, which of the following country has cancelled its training exercise named Pitch Black 2020?

A
USA
B
France
C
Russia
D
Australia

International Physical Geography

Matterhorn Mountain


Recently, Indian Tricolour of more than 1,000 meters in size was projected on Matterhorn Mountain in to express solidarity to all Indians in the fight against COVID-19.Where is the Matterhorn Mountain located? Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

A
Switzerland and Italy
B
Italy and France
C
Switzerland and France
D
France and Germany

International Miscellaneous

Daporijo Bridge


Recently, among which of the following rivers, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) constructed the Daporijo Bridge in Arunachal Pradesh in a record span of just 27 days?

A
Dibang River
B
Namka Chu River
C
Subansiri River
D
Par River

International International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

International Monetary And Financial Committee


Consider the following statements with reference to the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC):

  1. The IMFC has 44 members who are central bank governors, ministers, or others of comparable rank and who are usually drawn from the governors of the Fund’s 189 member countries.
  2. It advises and reports to the IMF Board of Governors on the supervision and management of the international monetary and financial system, including on responses to unfolding events that may disrupt the system.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Thrissur Pooram


Thrissur Pooram has been cancelled for the first time on account of the COVID-19 outbreak. In which of the following state the festival is being celebrated every year?

A
Tamil Nadu
B
Karnataka
C
Andhra Pradesh
D
Kerala

National Issues Relating To Health

Measles


Consider the following statements:

  1. Measles is caused by the measles virus, a single-stranded, negative-sense, enveloped RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus within the family Paramyxoviridae
  2. Measles is an airborne disease which spreads easily through the coughs and sneezes of infected people.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Miscellaneous

Survey Of India


Consider the following statements:

  1. Survey of India is the National Survey and Mapping Organization of the country under the Department of Science & Technology.
  2. Headquartered at Dehradun (Uttarakhand), it has 18 Geo Spatial divisions ranging from the prediction of tides to aerial survey.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

Catastrophe Containment And Relief Trust


Consider the following statements with reference to the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust (CCRT):

  1. The CCRT allows the IMF to provide grants for debt relief for the poorest and most vulnerable countries hit by catastrophic natural disasters or public health disasters.
  2. Established in February 2015 during the Ebola outbreak, it grants complement donor financing and the IMF concessional lending through the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Issues Relating To Health

Trypanosoma Cruzi


Which of the following tropical disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma Cruzi?

A
Chagas disease
B
African trypanosomiasis
C
Leishmaniasis
D
Both A and C

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

Central Administrative Tribunal


Consider the following statements with reference to the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT):

  1. The Central Administrative Tribunal was established by an Act of Parliament namely Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 as sequel to the 42nd amendment of the Constitution of India inserting Article 323 A.
  2. The Tribunal is headed by the Chairman and 65 Members, 33 from Judicial (including Chairman) and 33 from the Administrative stream.
  3. It is not bound by the procedure laid down in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but is guided by the principles of natural justice.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Indian Art & Culture

Festival Of Bihu


In which of the state the festival of Bihu is being celebrated every year?

A
Assam
B
Nagaland
C
Meghalaya
D
Manipur

National Physical Geography

Dhauladhar Range


Consider the following statements with reference to the Dhauladhar range:

  1. Dhauladhar ranges are the extension of Pir Panjal into Himachal Pradesh. They are cut across by the river Ravi.
  2. Hanuman Tibba is the highest peak of Dhauladhar range.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Issues Relating To Health

Reproduction Number


Consider the following statements:

  1. Reproduction number (R0) indicates the average number of people who will contract the virus from a person who has already been infected, in a population that does not have immunity for the said disease.
  2. R0 is the division of the number of new infections by the number of existing infections, or the average number of new infections over an infectious period (R0= new infections/existing infections).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Issues Relating To Health

Ordinance To Deal With COVID 19 Spread


Recently, which of the following State government has promulgated an ordinance to deal with COVID 19 spread by amending Section 3 of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897?

A
Maharashtra
B
Tamil Nadu
C
Kerala
D
Odisha

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh


A wildlife sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh is only the home to the Asian elephant in the state. What is the name of the sanctuary?

A
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
B
Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary
C
Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary
D
Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

Indian Council For Cultural Relations


Who among the following laid the foundation of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) in 1950?Who among the following laid the foundation of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) in 1950?Who among the following laid the foundation of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) in 1950?Who among the following laid the foundation of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) in 1950?Who among the following laid the foundation of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) in 1950?

A
Abul Kalam Azad
B
Bal Ganagdhar Tilak
C
Madam Mohan Malviya
D
Jawaharlal Nehru

National Intergovernmental Organizations

Organisation For The Prohibition Of Chemical Weapons


Consider the following statements with reference to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW):

  1. OPCW is the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on 29th May, 1998.
  2. A unique feature of the Convention is its incorporation of the ‘challenge inspection’, whereby any State Party in doubt about another State Party’s compliance can request a surprise inspection.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

National Board For Wildlife


Consider the following statements with reference to the National Board for Wildlife:

  1. It is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  2. The board is ‘advisory’ in nature and can only advise the Government on policy making for conservation of wildlife.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Education

Challenge To Test The Ability Of Students To Innovate


Recently, the Ministry of Human Resources Development (HRD) has launched a mega online challenge to test the ability of students to innovate. What is the name of the challenge?

A
Samman
B
Samadhan
C
Sanyukt
D
Sparsh

National Indian Constitution

Enforcement Of Decrees


Which of the following article grant discretionary power to the Supreme Court to pass such decree or make such order as is necessary for doing complete justice in any cause or matter pending before it?

A
Article 142
B
Article 152
C
Article 162
D
Article 172

National Indian Art & Culture

Mahavir Swami


Consider the following statements:

  1. Mahavir Swami was the 24th and the last Tirthankara who succeeded the 23rd Tirthankara, Parshvanatha.
  2. He was born into Ikshvaku dynasty as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala.
  3. Mahavira taught that observance of the vows of ahimsa (non-violence), satya (truth), asteya (non-stealing), brahmacharya (chastity), and aparigraha (non-attachment) are necessary for spiritual liberation.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A
Only 1
B
1 and 2
C
1, 2 and 3
D
2 and 3

International Space Technology

NASA’s Artemis Program


Consider the following statements with reference to the NASA’s Artemis Program:

  1. The Artemis program is an ongoing crewed spaceflight program carried out predominantly by NASA, with the goal of landing "the first woman and the next man" on the Moon, specifically at the lunar South Pole region by 2024.
  2. The program also involves a strategy to use the moon-orbiting way station dubbed the Gateway as a site for Mars analog missions.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Defence & Security

Patriot Missile Long-Range Air-Defence System


Which of the following country own Patriot Missile Long-Range Air-Defence System?

A
Israel
B
United Kingdom
C
China
D
None of the above

International Space Technology

Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment Follow-on Mission


Consider the following statements with reference to Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-on (GRACE-FO) Mission:

  1. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-on (GRACE-FO) mission is a partnership between NASA and the National Centre for Space Studies (CNES)-France.
  2. The GRACE miss ions measure variations in gravity over Earth's surface, producing a new map of the gravity field every 30 days.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Community Reserves


Consider the following statements:

  1. Community reserves are protected areas which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  2. These protected area categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 − the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Issues Relating To Health

India’s Assistance Operation


Recently, India conducted an assistance operation in order to supply essential medicines to one of the SAARC country. Choose both the name of the operation and country from the options given below:

A
Operation Sanjeevani - Maldives
B
Operation Amrit – Sri Lanka
C
Operation Aarogya - Afghanistan
D
Operation Amar – Bhutan

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Malabar Civet


Consider the following statements with reference tom the Malabar Civet:

  1. The Malabar large-spotted civet is a viverrid endemic to the Western Ghats of India.
  2. It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority And Price Monitoring & Resource Unit


Recently, the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) has set up price monitoring and resource unit (PMRU) in one the state/UT. Choose the state/UT name from the options given below:

A
Himachal Pradesh
B
Maharashtra
C
Delhi
D
Jammu and Kashmir

National Banking & Finance

Countercyclical Capital Buffer


Consider the following statements with reference to the Countercyclical Capital Buffer (CCyB):

  1. The countercyclical capital buffer is intended to protect the banking sector against losses that could be caused by cyclical systemic risks increasing in the economy.
  2. Banks can use the capital buffers they have built up during the growth phase of the financial cycle to cover losses that may arise during periods of stress and to continue supplying credit to the real economy.
  3. The rule was first introduced in Basel III as an extension of another buffer (called the capital conservation buffer).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 3
B
1 and 2
C
2 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

Science & Technology

Sodium Hypochlorite


Consider the following statements with reference to the Sodium Hypochlorite:

  1. Sodium Hypochlorite is a chlorine compound often used as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent.
  2. Dakin's solution is a dilute solution of sodium hypochlorite (0.4% to 0.5%) and other stabilizing ingredients, traditionally used as an antiseptic.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

Indian Economy

The Ways And Means Advances (WMA) Scheme


Consider the following statements:

  1. The Ways and Means Advances (WMA) scheme is designed to meet temporary mismatches in the receipts and payments of the government.
  2. Under this, the government can avail of immediate cash from the RBI, if required. But it has to return the amount within 60 days.
  3. Interest rate for WMA is currently charged at the repo rate.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 3
B
1 and 2
C
1 and 3
D
Only 2

National International Treaties & Agreement

Biological Weapons Convention


Consider the following statements with reference to the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC):

  1. The Biological Weapons Convention is the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the development, production and stockpiling of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction, was opened for signature on 10 April 1972.
  2. The BWC does not ban the use of biological and toxin weapons but reaffirms the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which prohibits such use. It also does not ban biodefense programs.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Issues Relating To Health

Schedule H1 Drug


Recently, which of the following drug was categorised as a Schedule H1 drug by the Government?

A
Hydroxizine
B
Ramipril Hydrochloride
C
Alphachymotrypsin
D
Hydroxychloroquine

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