Current Affairs Question - December 2019


International Science & Technology

Microdot Technology


Consider the following statements with reference to the Microdot Technology:

  1. Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of the vehicle or any other machine with microscopic dots, which give a unique identification.
  2. The microdots and adhesive will become permanent fixtures/affixation which cannot be removed without damaging the asset i.e. the vehicle itself.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Government Policies And Interventions

National Broadband Mission


With reference to the National Broadband mission, consider the following statements:

  1. The project involves laying down around 30 Lakhs kilometer route Optical Fiber Cable, increase tower density from 0.42 to 1.0 tower per thousand of population by 2024.
  2. It envisages an investment of Rs.8 lakh crore in next 5 years from both government and industry to connect the country digitally at a faster pace.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indigenization Of Technology & Research

Quick Reaction Surface To Air Missile


With reference to the Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM), consider the following statements:

  1. QRSAM is an all-weather, all-terrain surface-to-air missile equipped with electronic counter measures against jamming by aircraft radars.
  2. It uses both solid and liquid fuel propellant and has a strike range of 25-30 km with capability of hitting multiple targets.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

Organisation Of Islamic Cooperation


Consider the following statements with reference to Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC):

  1. The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco in 1969, following the criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.
  2. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations with a membership of 58 countries, including Pakistan.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Hoolock Gibbon


Consider the following statements with reference to the Hoolock Gibbon:

  1. The Hoolock Gibbon is the only ape found in India.
  2. Two species of Hoolock Gibbon are found inhabiting the Indian forests.
  3. Of the two, the Western Hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN RedList, while the Eastern Hoolock is listed as Endangered.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Tribal Communities In India

Konda Reddi Tribe


With reference to the Konda Reddi Tribe, consider the following statements:

  1. Konda Reddis inahbits on the banks situated on either side of river Godavari in the hilly and forest tracts of East and West Godavari River.
  2. Konda Reddis have been recognized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Programmes & Schemes

Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana


Consider the following statements with reference to the Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY) scheme:

  1. Launched in 2015, under the scheme the state governments were to take over 75 percent of the utilities debts and include it in their fiscal deficit calculations.
  2. UDAY also requires discoms to maintain commercial sustainability, and bring down the gap between average cost of supply (ACS) and average revenue realized (ARR) to zero.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International International Treaties & Agreements

United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea


With reference to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), consider the following statements:

  1. UNCLOS is an international treaty, signed in 1982, which replaced the four Geneva Conventions of April, 1958.
  2. It divides marine areas into four zones namely- Internal Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Sahitya Akademi


Consider the following statements with reference to the Sahitya Akademi:

  1. Sahitya Akademi gives 24 awards annually to literary works in the languages it has recognized and an equal number of awards to literary translations from and into the languages of India.
  2. Besides the 22 languages enumerated in the Constitution of India, the Sahitya Akademi has recognised English and Rajasthani as languages in which its programme may be implemented.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Biodiversity & Conservation

Houbara Bustard


Recently, the government of Pakistan has issued special permits to the Emir of Qatar and nine other members of the royal family to hunt the Houbara Bustard. Consider the following given statements with reference to the Houbara Bustard:

  1. Two distinct species as recognised by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), one residing in North Africa and the other in Asia.
  2. The species have been categorised as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Programmes & Schemes

Atal Mission For Rejuvenation And Urban Transformation


Recently, the government has decided to extend the mission period of its flagship initiative Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) by two more years. Consider the following statements with respect to AMRUT:

  1. Launched in 2015, the focus of the Mission is on infrastructure creation that has a direct link to provision of belter services to the citizens.
  2. The Mission consists of three thrust areas namely- Water Supply, Sewerage and septage management and green space/parks.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Defence & Security

Pinaka Missile System


Consider the following statements with reference to Pinaka Missile System:

  1. Pinaka was designed to replace the BM-21 Grad multiple rocket launcher systems of the Indian Army.
  2. Pinaka is an artillery missile system capable of striking into an enemy territory up to a range of 75 km with high precision.
  3. The navigation system of the missile is aided by the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Rankings, Reports, Survey And Index

Index Of Industrial Production


With reference to Index of Industrial Production (IIP), consider the following statements:

  1. The Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) is responsible for the compilation and publication of the Index of Industrial Production.
  2. The IIP is compiled as a simple weighted arithmetic mean of production relatives by using Laspeyre’s formula.
  3. It is currently calculated using 2011-2012 as the base year.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

International International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

International Court Of Justice


Recently, Gambia has filed an application at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), accusing Myanmar of violating the 1948 Genocide Convention. Consider the following statements with reference to the International Court of Justice:

  1. The ICJ was established in 1946 by the United Nations charter and began working in April 1947.
  2. The Court is composed of 10 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Issues Relating To Health

Postpartum Haemorrhage


Consider the following statements with reference to the Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH):

  1. Postpartum haemorrhage is defined as a blood loss of 500 ml or more within 24 hours after birth.
  2. PPH is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low-income countries, and the primary cause of nearly one quarter of all maternal deaths globally.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Natural Resources

Rare Earth Elements


With reference to Rare Earth Elements(REE), consider the following statements:

  1. Rare Earth Elements (REE) is the collective name for 19 chemically similar metallic elements (the lanthanides, Scandium and Yttrium) that occur in a wide range of REE bearing minerals and are mined collectively.
  2. The principal economic sources of rare earths are the minerals bastnasite, monazite, and loparite and the lateritic ion-adsorption clays.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

Science & Technology

Fuel Cells


Recently, the Supreme Court of India has directed the government to look into the feasibility of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) to deal with air pollution.Consider the following statements with reference to Fuel Cells:

  1. Fuel cells and batteries convert chemical energy into electrical energy and are very useful forms of galvanic cell.
  2. The fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to generate electric current, water being the only byproduct.
  3. The most common type of fuel cell for vehicle applications is the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Indian Art & Culture

Sattriya Dance


With reference to the Sattriya Dance, consider the following statements:

  1. The Sattriya dance form was introduced by the great Vaishnava saint and reformer of Assam, Mahapurusha Sankaradeva in the 15th century A.D.
  2. It was given the status of a classical dance in the year 2001 by the Sangeet Natak Akademi.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indigenization Of Technology & Research

Navigation In Indian Constellation


Recently, the USA Congress has agreed to designate India’s Navigation in Indian Constellation (NavIC) as its allied navigational satellite system. Consider the following statements with reference to the NavIC:

  1. NavIC is an independent regional navigation satellite system being developed by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in collaboration with Russia.
  2. It is expected to provide two types of services, namely, Standard Positioning Service (SPS) which is provided to all the users and Restricted Service (RS), which is an encrypted service provided only to the authorised users.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change

National Ganga Council


Recently, the Prime Minister chaired the first meeting of the National Ganga Council at Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. Consider the following statements about the National Ganga Council:

  1. The National Ganga Council, also known as the National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection, and Management of River Ganga was set up in 2016. It replaced the National River Ganga Basin Authority (NRGBA).
  2. The jurisdiction of the National Ganga Council extends to the States comprising River Ganga Basin, namely, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Rajasthan,Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Haryana and the National Capital Territory of Delhi and such other States, having major tributaries of the River Ganga.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Education

Samagra Shiksha


Consider the following given statements with reference to Samagra Shiksha:

  1. Samagra Shiksha is an integrated scheme for school education extending from pre-school to class XII to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education.
  2. It subsumes the two Centrally Sponsored schemes-Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Transparency And Accountability

National Financial Reporting Authority


Consider the following statements regarding the National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA):

  1. The National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) was constituted in October, 2018 by the Government of India under Sub Section (1) of section 132 of the Companies Act, 2013.
  2. The Companies Act requires the NFRA to have a chairperson who will be appointed by the Central Government and a maximum of 15 members.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Agriculture

Extra Neutral Alcohol


Recently, Indian alcohol manufacturers have approached NITI Aayog, seeking exemption of import duty on Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA).Consider the following statements about the ENA:

  1. Extra Neutral Alcohol is a byproduct of the sugar industry, and is formed from molasses that are a residue of sugarcane processing.
  2. It is the primary raw material for making alcoholic beverages.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Hornbill Festival


Among which of the following Indian states, the famous Hornbill Festival is being celebrated every year with great zeal?

A
Assam
B
Nagaland
C
Meghalaya
D
Arunachal Pradesh

International Bilateral, Regional And Global Groupings Affecting India

Power Of Siberia


Recently, in collaboration with which of the following given countries, Russia inaugurated cross border gas pipeline named Power of Siberia?

A
China
B
Kazakhstan
C
Mongolia
D
Azerbaijan

International Bilateral, Regional And Global Groupings Affecting India

Instrument In Support Of Trade Exchanges


Consider the following given statements about the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX):

  1. INSTEX was established by France, Germany and the United Kingdom in January 2019, to allow European entities to maintain trade with Iran.
  2. The Paris-based INSTEX functions as a clearing house allowing Iran to continue to sell oil and import other products or services in exchange.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Tanbo Art


Consider the following statements about the Tanbo Art:

  1. Tanbo Art is a rice paddy art developed by the Chinese farmers to beautify their paddy fields.
  2. In this art, farmers use different dyes and colours in order to beautify their paddy fields.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

G20


On 1st December, 2019, Saudi Arabia became the first Arab nation to take over the G20 Presidency. Consider the following statements about the G20:

  1. The G20 is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
  2. It was formed in 1999, in the wake of the Asian financial crisis, to unite finance ministers and central bankers from the world’s largest established and emerging economies.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Intergovernmental Organizations

International Organisation For Migration


As per International Organisation for Migration’s (IOM) latest report, ‘Global Migration Report 2020’, India continues to be the largest country of origin of international migrants with a 17.5 million-strong diaspora across the world.Consider the following statements about the IOM:

  1. Established in 1952, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partner.
  2. IOM works in the three broad areas of migration management: Migration and Development; Facilitating Migration and Regulating Migration.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Issues Relating To Development

Accelerator Lab


Recently, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched its Accelerator Lab in India in collaboration with Atal Innovation Mission. Consider the following statements about the Accelerator Lab:

  1. The Accelerator Lab is an innovative new initiative by the UNDP, State of Qatar and the Federal Republic of Germany to find 21st century solutions to today's complex new challenges.
  2. The Indian lab will be among the 60 global ones that will find, test and try to scale up innovative solutions that can help combat both climate change and social inequity.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

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