Current Affairs Question - January 2020


National Agriculture & Livestock

Stripe Rust


Consider the following statements:

  1. Stripe Rust of wheat is a viral disease caused by the virus Begomovirus.
  2. The first sign of stripe rust is the appearance of yellow streaks (pre-pustules), followed by small, bright yellow, elongated uredial pustules arranged in conspicuous rows on the leaves.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Asiatic Cheetah


Consider the following statements:

  1. The Asiatic cheetah is smaller and paler than the African cheetah.
  2. The Asiatic cheetah is listed as vulnerable species while the African Cheetah is listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN).
  3. In the 2015 update of the IUCN Red List, the Asiatic cheetah is considered regionally extinct in Iraq, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
Only 1
D
Only 3

National Indian Constitution

Article 72 Of The Constitution


Consider the following statements:

  1. Under the Article 72, the President of India can grant a pardon or reduce the sentence of a convicted person, particularly in cases involving capital punishment.
  2. The President can grant pardon in all cases where the sentence given is sentence of death but pardoning power of Governor does not extend to death sentence cases.
  3. The pardoning power of the President is absolute.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
1 and 3
C
2 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Parliament And State Legislatures

Legislative Council


Consider the following statements:

  1. Assam was the first Indian state to abolish its Legislative Council in 1947.
  2. After Assam, Punjab had abolished its Legislative Council in 1968, while West Bengal abolished it in 1971.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Mineral Accretion Technology


Consider the following statements with reference to the Mineral Accretion Technology:

  1. Mineral Accretion Technology is a coral reef restoration technology that utilizes low voltage electricity to improve the health and growth rates of corals and other marine organisms.
  2. As electricity flows to the metal structures placed underwater, minerals, much the same as those the corals use to create their skeletons, fall out of the water and accumulate onto the structure, thus giving the technology its name.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Bilateral, Regional And Global Groupings Affecting India

The Oslo Accords


Consider the following statements with reference to the Oslo Accords:

  1. The Oslo Accords is an agreement signed between the State of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), meant to effectively bring the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to its end by means of territorial concessions and facilitating the creation of the Palestinian Authority.
  2. The first phase of the Oslo Accords was implemented on May 4, 1994, as Israel and the PA signed the Cairo Agreement, giving the Palestinians control over Gaza and Jericho.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Awareness In Space

Anti-satellite (A-SAT) Missile


Consider the following statements:

  1. Anti-satellite (A-SAT) missile essentially a missile that can destroy or jam an enemy country's satellite in space.
  2. USA first tested the A-SAT technology in 1958 which was followed by USSR in 1964.
  3. In March 2019, India tested an anti-satellite weapon during an operation code named ‘Mission Shakti’.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
1 and 2
C
Only 3
D
1 , 2 and 3

National Agriculture

Shamlat Land


Consider the following statements with reference to the Shamlat land in Punjab:

  1. Shamlat is one of three categories of common land in Punjab villages. ‘Shamlat’ land is owned by the village panchayat.
  2. This land is mainly used for cultivation, and is allotted for this through an open auction that is conducted by the Rural Development and Panchayat Department every year.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Defence & Security

Hypersonic Weapons


Consider the following statements:

  1. Hypersonic weapons refer to weapons that travel faster than Mach 3 and have the capability to maneuver during the entire flight.
  2. Hypersonic vehicles typically consist of a Supersonic Combustion Ramjet, or Scramjet propulsion system to enable such high speeds.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons


Consider the following statements:

  1. Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are a group of man-made compounds containing hydrogen, fluorine and carbon.
  2. These are ozone depleting substances and potent greenhouse gases that are controlled under the Montreal Protocol.
  3. HCFCs usually dissolve in water, but do not dissolve in organic (carbon-containing) solvents.
  4. HCFCs are used in a wide variety of applications, including refrigeration, air conditioning, foam blowing, solvents, aerosols, and fire suppression.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
1 and 2
B
1 and 3
C
2 and 3
D
2 and 4

National Polity & Governance

Reciprocating Territory


Recently, which of the following country was declared as the “reciprocating territory” by the Indian Ministry of Law and Justice?

A
United Arab Emirates
B
Oman
C
Bahrain
D
Saudi Arabia

International Physical Geography

Indian Ocean Dipole


Consider the following statements:

  1. Sustained changes in the difference between sea surface temperatures of the tropical western and eastern Indian Ocean are known as the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD).
  2. The IOD affects the climate of Australia and other countries that surround the Indian Ocean Basin, and is a significant contributor to rainfall variability in this region.

Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Various Security Forces, Agencies & Their Mandate

Blue Corner Notice


Consider the following with reference to the Blue Corner Notice:

  1. A Blue Corner Notice is issued by the international police cooperation body to collect additional information from its member countries about a person's identity, location or activities in relation to a crime.
  2. There are six types of notices — Red Notice, Yellow Notice, Blue Notice, Black Notice, Green Notice and Orange Notice.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1nor 2

International Science & Technology

Xenobots


Recently, scientists in the United States have created the world’s first living machines- Xenobots, tiny robots that can move around on their own. Which of the following animal’s cell was used in making the Xenobots?

A
African Clawed Frog
B
Electric Catfish of Nile
C
Gambian Pouched rat
D
Cape Dwarf Gecko

National Parliament And State Legislatures

The Anti-Defection Law


Consider the following statements:

  1. The Anti-Defection Law was passed in 1986 through the 54th Amendment to the Constitution.
  2. It lays down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection by the Presiding Officer of a legislature based on a petition by any other member of the House.
  3. The law does not specify a time-period for the Presiding Officer to decide on a disqualification plea.

Which of the above statements is/are correct? Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
2 and 3
C
Only 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Miscellaneous

Letter Of Intent


Consider the following statements:

  1. A letter of intent (LOI) is a document declaring the preliminary commitment of one party to do business with another.
  2. A Memorandum of Understanding is often used at the beginning of a business partnership.
  3. A Term Sheet is used to show interest in an investment opportunity. Often it is used to outline a potential agreement between an entrepreneur and investors.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
2 and 3
C
Only 3
D
1, 2 and 3

Science & Technology

Centre Of Excellence In Blockchain Technology


Recently, the Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Blockchain Technology was inaugurated in which of the following cities?

A
Bengaluru
B
Bhopal
C
Chennai
D
Hyderabad

International Biodiversity & Conservation

Duck-Billed Platypus


Consider the following statements with reference to the Platypus:

  1. The platypus is one of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.
  2. Females have a spur on the back of their hind feet that is connected to a venom-secreting gland.
  3. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recently downgraded the platypus conservation status to Vulnerable from Least Concern.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
1 and 3
C
2 and 2
D
Only 2

International International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

Non-Proliferation Treaty


With reference to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), consider the following statements:

  1. The Treaty defines nuclear weapon states (NWS) as those that had manufactured and detonated a nuclear explosive device prior to 1 January 1967.
  2. The treaty is reviewed every six years in meetings called Review Conferences of the Parties to the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Jallikuttu


Consider the following statements with reference to the Jallikuttu:

  1. Jallikattu is a traditional bull-chasing sport of Tamil Nadu which is organised during the harvest festival Pongal.
  2. Manju Virattu, Vaeli Virattu and Vadam Manju Virattu three versions of Jallikattu, which take place throughout the Tamil Nadu.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Neither 1 nor 2
D
Only 2

National Government Policies And Interventions

Right To Business Bill, 2020


Which of the following states has recently passed the Right to Business Bill, 2020?

A
Maharashtra
B
Gujarat
C
Punjab
D
None of the above

National Indian Constitution

Article 131


Consider the following statements with reference to the Article 131:

  1. Article 131 vests the Supreme Court with original jurisdiction over disputes occurring between states or between states and the Centre.
  2. Article 131 can be used to settle political differences between state and central governments headed by different parties.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Awareness In Space

GSAT-30 Satellite


Consider the following statements with reference to the recently launched GSAT-30 satellite:

  1. GSAT-30 was launched with the help of indigenously developed geostationary launch vehicle GSLV-MkII.
  2. GSAT-30 derives its heritage from ISRO’s earlier INSAT/GSAT satellite series and will replace INSAT-4A in orbit.
  3. It is configured on ISRO’s enhanced I-3K Bus structure to provide communication services from Geostationary orbit in C and Ku bands.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
1 and3
C
2 and 3
D
Only 2

National Tribal Communities In India

Bru Tribe


Consider the following statements with reference to the Bru tribe:

  1. The Bru are the second most populous tribe of Tripura after the Tripuris.
  2. They speak the Reang dialect of Bru language which is of Tibeto-Burmese origin, locally referred to as Kau Bru.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

Central Adoption Resource Authority


Consider the following statements:

  1. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.
  2. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Physical Geography

Taal Volcano


In which of the following countries Taal Volcano is situated?

A
Cambodia
B
Laos
C
Philippines
D
Thailand

National Indian Art & Culture

Classical Languages Of India


Consider the following statements with reference to the classical language of India:

  1. The norms for according status of classical language are that the language should have a recorded history of more than 1500 years with ancient valuable literature recorded in it.
  2. Three of the six present classical languages belong to the Dravidian language family.
  3. In 2004, Sanskrit became the first language to get the status of classical language in India.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
Only 1
C
2 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change

Green Credit Scheme


Consider the following statements with reference to the “Green Credit Scheme”:

  1. The scheme allows agencies like private companies, village forest communities to identify lands for forest cultivation and ensures plantations are carried out.
  2. After 2 years, these identified lands would be considered as compensatory forest land after meeting forest department’s criteria.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Both1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change

International Convention For The Prevention Of Pollution From Ships


With reference to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), consider the following statements:

  1. MARPOL is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.
  2. The current convention is a combination of 1973 Convention and the 1978 Protocol, which entered into force on 2 October 1983.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Rankings, Reports, Survey And Index

Chinese Paddlefish


Recently, the Chinese Paddlefish (Psephurus gladius) has been declared extinct by Chinese scientists. Consider the following statements about the Chinese Paddlefish:

  1. Chinese Paddlefish was endemic to the Yangtze River in China.
  2. Prior to being declared extinct, it was listed as critically endangered, possibly extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change

Coastal Regulation Zone


Consider the following statements:

  1. The coastal areas have been classified into four categories—CRZ-I, CRZ-II, CRZ-III and CRZ-IV—in the 1991 notification, which aimed at restricting establishment of industries in these areas.
  2. CRZ-I includes areas situated between the high and low tide lines. Exploration of natural gas and extraction of salt are permitted in this zone.
  3. CRZ-III includes rural and urban areas which fall outside CRZ-I and CRZ-II are covered under CRZ-III. Only agriculture-related activities and public facilities are permitted in this zone.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
1 and 3
C
Only 2
D
1, 2 and 3

International Biodiversity & Conservation

Miyawaki Method


Consider the following statements with reference to the Miyawaki method:

  1. Miyawaki is a technique pioneered by Philippines that helps build dense, native forests.
  2. In Miyawaki method multi-layered saplings are planted close to each other. This blocks sunlight from reaching the ground and prevents weeds from growing, thus keeping the soil moist. The close cropping further ensures that the plants receive sunlight only from the top thus enabling them only to grow upwards than sideways.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Art & Culture

Epiphany


Consider the following statements with reference to the Epiphany:

  1. Epiphany is among the three oldest and major festival days in Christianity, the two others being Christmas and Easter.
  2. Epiphany is a feast day, or a day of commemoration, which in Christianity marks the visit of the Magi (meaning the Three Wise Men or Three Kings) to the Infant Jesus (Christ from his nativity until age 12).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Programmes & Schemes

Amma Vodi Scheme


Which among the following given states has recently launched Amma Vodi Scheme?

A
Tamil Nadu
B
Andhra Pradesh
C
Telangana
D
Karnataka

International Art & Culture

Seke Language


In which of the following countries, Seke language is being spoken?

A
Nepal
B
Tibet
C
Sudan
D
Gabon

National Indian Art & Culture

Tulu Language


Recently, there has been growing demand to include Tulu in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. Consider the following statements with reference to Tulu language:

  1. Tulu belongs to the southern branch of the family of Dravidian languages.
  2. The present-day Tulu linguistic majority area is confined to the region of Tulu Nadu, which comprises the districts of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi in Karnataka and the northern part of Kasaragod district of Kerala.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Money-laundering And Its Prevention

Financial Intelligence Unit


Consider the following statements with reference to the Financial Intelligence Unit – India (FIU-IND):

  1. The FIU- IND was set up by the Government of India in 2005 as the central national agency responsible for receiving, processing, analyzing and disseminating information relating to suspect financial transactions.
  2. FIU-IND is an independent body reporting directly to the Economic Intelligence Council (EIC) headed by the Finance Minister.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Polity & Governance

Zonal Councils


Consider the following statements:

  1. The Zonal Councils are the constitutional bodies, established by an Act of the Parliament, States Reorganisation Act of 1957.
  2. North-Eastern Council was created by a separate Act of Parliament, the North-Eastern Council Act of 1971.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Bibi Ka Maqbara


Consider the following statements with reference to the Bibi Ka Maqbara:

  1. Bibi ka Maqbara was as commissioned by Emperor Aurangzeb in 1660 in the memory of his wife Rahmat-un-Nissa.
  2. Also called the Tomb of the Lady, Bibi Ka Maqbara was designed by Ataullah, the son of Ahmad Lahauri, the architect of the Taj Mahal.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Yakshagana


With reference to the traditional Indian theatre form ‘Yakshagana’, consider the following statements:

  1. Yakshagana is strongly influenced by the Vaishnava Bhakti movement. Its stories are mainly drawn from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and other Hindu epics.
  2. Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Polity & Governance

New, Emerging And Strategic Technologies (NEST)


Recently, the External Affairs Ministry announced the setting up of New, Emerging and Strategic Technologies (NEST) division. Consider the following statements with reference to the NEST:

  1. The NEST will act as a nodal point to exchange views with foreign governments on new and emerging strategic technologies.
  2. NEST will negotiate technology governance rules, standards and architecture, suited to India’s conditions, in multilateral and plurilateral frameworks.
  3. The division will also be holding responsibility for matters that involves negotiations with multilateral fora like the United Nations,G20.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
Only 2
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

International International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

Blue Flag Certification


With reference to the Blue Flag Certification, consider the following statements:

  1. Blue Flag Certificationis accorded by an international agency -Foundation for Environment Education, Denmark, based on 31 stringent criteria.
  2. It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987, and in areas outside Europe since 2001, when South Africa joined.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Banking & Insurance

Open Market Operations


Consider the following statements with reference to the Open Market Operations (OMOs):

  1. Open Market Operations is the sale and purchase of government securities and treasury bills by the central bank of the country.
  2. It is one of the tools used to smoothen the liquidity conditions through the year and minimise its impact on the interest rate and inflation rate levels.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Polity & Governance

Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act


Consider the following statements with reference to the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA):

  1. AFSPA gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”.
  2. Justice Jeevan Reddy Commission recommended to repeal AFSPA in its 2005 report.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Senna Spectabilis


Recently, the Kerala Government has planned to arrest the rampant growth of aninvasive plant species in the forest areas of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (NBR), including the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.What is the name of that invasive plant species?

A
Senna spectabilis
B
Solanum elaeagnifolium
C
Prosopis juliflora
D
Pennisetum purpureum

National Banking & Finance

Merchant Discount Rate


With reference to the Merchant Discount Rate (MDR), consider the following statements:

  1. MDR is a fee charged from a merchant by a bank for accepting payments from customers through credit and debit cards in their establishments.
  2. MDR compensates the card issuing bank, the lender which puts the PoS terminal and payment gateways such as Mastercard or Visa for their services.
  3. MDR charges are usually shared in pre-agreed proportion between the bank and a merchant and is expressed in percentage of transaction amount.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Physical Geography

Ghataprabha River


Consider the following statements with reference to the Ghataprabha River:

  1. Flowing through the states of Maharashtra, Andhra and Karnataka, Ghataprabha (river is an important tributary of the Godavari River.
  2. Hiranyakeshi and Markandeya River are tributaries of Ghataprabha.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Both 1 and 2

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