Current Affairs Question - March 2020


National Defence & Security

Exercise Red Flag


Which of the following country conduct advanced aerial combat training Exercise Red Flag?

A
USA
B
France
C
China
D
Russia

National Government Budgeting

The Fiscal Responsibility And Budget Management (FRBM) Act


Consider the following statements:

  1. The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act is a law enacted by the Government of India in 2003 to ensure fiscal discipline – by setting targets including reduction of fiscal deficits and elimination of revenue deficit.
  2. Under the Act, Escape clauses provide flexibility to governments to overshoot fiscal deficit targets in times of need, enabling them to respond to economic shocks.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Disaster And Disaster Management

Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund


Consider the following statements with reference to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF):

  1. Prime Minister's National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was established entirely with public contributions and does not get any budgetary support.
  2. All contributions towards PMNRF are exempt from Income Tax under section 80(G).
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Issues Relating To Health

Anti-COVID-19 Programmes


Consider the following statements:

  1. Operation Namaste has been launched by the Indian army to contain the spread of Corona Virus in the country.
  2. Mo Jiban (My Life) is a new programme launched by West Bengal Government, to take a resolute vow to stay home and not to go outside during the lockdown period to remain safe from the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

Choose the correct answer form the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Physical Geography

Kuril Island


Consider the following statements with reference to the Kuril Island:

  1. It is a volcanic archipelago which separates the Sea of Okhotsk from the north Pacific Ocean. It forms part of the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire.
  2. The Islands are currently under Russian administration. However, they are also claimed by China.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Physical Geography

Reunion Island


Recently, India and France have conducted joint patrols from the Reunion Island for the first time. Where is the Reunion Island situated?

A
Pacific Ocean
B
Atlantic Ocean
C
Indian Ocean
D
None of the above

International Growth & Development

Kurzarbeit Scheme


Kurzarbeit scheme, which provides for partial compensation for a worker’s earnings in adverse situation, belongs to which of the following country?
A
Germany
B
Italy
C
Spain
D
France

International Issues Relating To Health

Hantavirus


Consider the following statements with reference to the Hantavirus:

  1. The hantaviruses are a family of viruses that spread in rodents and to humans from rodents.
  2. Hantaviruses belong to the order called Bunyavirales and have 12 families.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Traditional New Year Festivals


Consider the following statements:

  1. Gudhi Padwa is a spring-time festival that marks the traditional New Year for Marathi and Konkani Hindus.
  2. Cheti Chand is a festival that marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year for Sindhi Hindus.
  3. Navreh is a Hindu Festival, which is celebrated by the Kashmiri Pandits as the New Year's Day.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
Only 1
D
1, 2 and 3

National Government Budgeting

Finance Bill


Consider the following statements with reference to the Finance Bill:

  1. The Finance Bill is a part of the Union Budget, stipulating all the legal amendments required for the changes in taxation proposed by the Finance Minister.
  2. This Bill encompasses all amendments required in various laws pertaining to tax, in accordance with the tax proposals made in the Union Budget.
  3. The Finance Bill, as a Money Bill, needs to be passed both by the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A
Only 1
B
1 and 2
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

National Defence & Security

Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti


Consider the following statement(s) with reference to the Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti:

  1. It was launched in 2018 by the Ministry of Defence with the objective of creating greater Intellectual Property (IP) in Defence Production Ecosystem.
  2. Under the mission, an Intellectual Property Facilitation Cell (IPFC) has been established under aegis of Directorate General Quality Assurance (DGQA).
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Agriculture

National Innovations On Climate Resilient Agriculture


Consider the following statements:

  1. National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) is a network project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), which aims to enhance resilience of Indian agriculture to climate change and climate vulnerability through strategic research and technology demonstration.
  2. The project consists of three components viz. Strategic Research, Technology Demonstration and Sponsored/Competitive Grants.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Miscellaneous

World Water Day


Consider the following statements:

  1. Water Day is an annual UN observance day, which is observe on 21st February, that highlights the importance of freshwater.
  2. The theme for 2020 is ‘Water and Climate Change’ which aims to explore interrelation between water and climate change.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

Namda


Namda is a type of traditional carpet making art made from sheep wool. In which of the following Indian State/UT does this art belong to?

A
Jammu and Kashmir
B
Arunachal Pradesh
C
Himachal Pradesh
D
Manipur

National Issues Relating To Health

Huntington’s Disease


Consider the following statements with reference to the Huntington’s Disease:

  1. Huntington’s disease (HD) is a fatal genetic disorder that causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain.
  2. It is known as the quintessential family disease because every child of a parent with HD has a 50/50 chance of inheriting the faulty gene.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Physical Geography

Teesta River


Consider the following statements with reference to the Teesta River:

  1. The Teesta River originates in the western Himalayas and flows through the Indian States of Sikkim, Assam and West Bengal before entering Bangladesh, where it flows into the Brahmaputra.
  2. The River originates from the Pahunri (or Teesta Kangse) glacier above 7,068 metres and flows southward through gorges and rapids in the Sikkim Himalaya.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Renewable Energy

Coal Bed Methane


Consider the following statements with reference to the Coal Bed Methane (CBM):

  1. 1.Coal bed methane is considered an unconventional gas as it is held tightly in reservoirs and it requires special stimulation and technologies to produce it economically
  2. 2.CBM can be recovered from underground coal before, during, or after mining operations.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Programmes & Schemes

National Aquifer Mapping And Management Programme


Consider the following statements with reference to the National Aquifer Mapping and Management Programme (NAQUIM):

  1. NAQUIM was initiated as a part of the Ground Water Management and Regulation scheme to delineate and characterize the aquifers to develop plans for ground water management.
  2. One of the major objectives of NAQUIM is to promote participatory groundwater management.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Programmes & Schemes

Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana


Consider the following statements with reference to the Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana:

  1. .Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY) is a scheme for providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category.
  2. It is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Central Government, where expenditure for implementation of the scheme will be met from the "Senior Citizens' Welfare Fund".
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Intergovernmental Organizations, International Institutions, Agencies & Fora

UN Security Council


Consider the following statements:

  1. A State which is a Member of the United Nations but not of the Security Council may participate, without a vote, in its discussions when the Council considers that country's interests are affected.
  2. Both Members and non-members of the United Nations, if they are parties to a dispute being considered by the Council, may be invited to take part, without a vote, in the Council's discussions.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Both 1 and 2
B
Only 1
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Government Budgeting

Appropriation Bill


Consider the following statements with reference to the Appropriation Bill:

  1. Appropriation Bill gives power to the government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India for meeting the expenditure during the financial year.
  2. Under Article 114, no amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India without the enactment of such a law by Parliament.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Miscellaneous

Overseas Citizenship Of India


Consider the following statements with reference to the Appropriation Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI):

  1. Government of India launched the ‘Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) Scheme’ by making amendments to Citizenship Act, 1955 in 2004.
  2. Individuals who do not have citizenship of any other country are not eligible to gain an OCI status.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Miscellaneous

Boko Haram


Boko Haram, a terrorist organization finds it origin in one of the West African country. What is the name of that country?

A
Burkina Faso
B
Nigeria
C
Sierra Leone
D
Mali

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Sunderban National Park


Consider the following statements with reference to the Sunderban National Park:

  1. The present Sundarban National Park was declared as the core area of Sundarban Tiger Reserve in 1973 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1977.
  2. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1986, and it has been designated as a Ramsar site since 2018.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Physical Geography

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam


On which of following river, Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is being built in Africa?

A
White Nile
B
Blue Nile
C
Pangani River
D
None of the above

National Banking & Finance

Blue Chip Stocks


Consider the following statements with reference to the Blue Chip Stocks:

  1. Blue chip stocks are shares of very large and well-recognised companies with a long history of sound financial performance.
  2. These stocks generally cost high, as they have good reputation and are often market leaders in their respective industries.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Red Panda


Consider the following statements with reference to the Red Panda:

  1. The red panda is the only living member of the genus Ailurus and the family Ailuridae.
  2. It is endemic to the temperate forests of the Himalayas, and ranges from the foothills of western Nepal to China in the east.
  3. It is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN red list of Threatened Species and under Schedule II of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
1 and 2
B
Only 1
C
2 and 3
D
Only 3

National Issues Relating To Health

Poshan Abhiyan


Which of the following state has been ranked 1st in the country for overall implementation of Poshan Abhiyan?

A
Tamil Nadu
B
Karnataka
C
Maharashtra
D
Andhra Pradesh

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

Central Adoption Regulatory Authority


Consider the following statements with reference to the Central Adoption Regulatory Authority (CARA):

  1. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.
  2. It is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Biodiversity & Conservation

Lake Declared A Living Entity


Recently, which of the following lakes has been declared as a‘living entity’ by the Punjab and Haryana High Court?

A
Sukhna Lake
B
Khabikki Lake
C
Mataur lake
D
None of the above

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

National Anti-Profiteering Authority


Consider the following statements with reference to the National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAPA):

  1. The National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) is the statutory mechanism under GST law to check the unfair profiteering activities by the registered suppliers under GST law.
  2. The Authority comprises of a six-member committee, consisting of, a Chairman (equivalent to a rank of secretary in the government), five technical members (present/former commissioners of State tax or central tax departments).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Indian Art & Culture

ChapcharKut Festival


In which of the following state, ChapcharKut Festival is being celebrated annually?

A
Nagaland
B
Tripura
C
Arunachal Pradesh
D
Mizoram

International Biodiversity & Conservation

Red Crowned Roofed Turtle


Consider the following statements with reference to the Red Crowned Roofed Turtle:

  1. The red-crowned roofed turtle is a species of freshwater turtle endemic to South Asia.
  2. It is categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Miscellaneous

Free Public Transport


Recently, which of the following countries became first in the world to make public transport free?

A
Belgium
B
Finland
C
Luxembourg
D
Sweden

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

Land Ports Authority Of India


Consider the following statements with reference to the Land Ports Authority of India:

  1. The Land Ports Authority of India is a statutory body established under Land Ports Authority of India Act, 2010.
  2. It functions under the administrative control of the Department of Border Management, Ministry of Home Affairs.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Statutory, Regulatory & Quasi-judicial Bodies

Bureau Of Energy Efficiency


Consider the following statements:

  1. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency(BEE) is an agency of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Power created in March 2002 under the provisions of the nation's Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
  2. BEE co-ordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies and other organizations and recognize, identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

National Government Policies And Interventions

Project Monitoring Group


Consider the following statements with reference to the Project Monitoring Group (PMG) Portal:

  1. Project Monitoring Group (PMG) is an institutional mechanism for expedited resolution of issues and regulatory bottlenecks in projects with an investment of INR 500 crores and above in India.
  2. It was set up as a special cell in the Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India in 2014 and was subsequently brought under the administrative control of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) in 2016.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

International Environmental Pollution, Degradation & Climate Change

Red Snow Phenomenon


Recently, red snow phenomenon was observed off the coast of Antarctica’s northernmost peninsula. Which of the following is responsible for red snow?

A
Spirogyra
B
Volvox
C
Chlamydomonas nivalis
D
Cladophora

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