Current Affairs Question - September 2021


Science & Technology

‘Fund For Industrial Research Engagement (FIRE)’


Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, Government of India launched the first-of-its-kind research initiative called ‘Fund for Industrial Research Engagement (FIRE)’.
  2. The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) is a statutory body of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India.
  3. ‘FIRE’ is a joint initiative between the government and industry and Intel India is a partner in it.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1,2 and 3

Ecology & Environment

Madrid Protocol On Antarctic Region


With reference to Madrid Protocol on Antarctic region, consider the following statements:

  1. The Parties to the Protocol commit to comprehensively protect the environment of the Antarctic region.
  2. Under the Protocol, mining is banned on Antarctic region.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both are correct
D
Both are incorrect

Ecology & Environment

‘New Atlantic Charter’


Consider the following statements regarding ‘New Atlantic Charter’ Agreement that was in news recently:

  1. It is agreement between USA and China.
  2. The Charter touches upon topics like climate change, the Covid-19 crisis and the emerging role of technology.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
1 Only
B
2 Only
C
Both are correct
D
Both are incorrect

Science & Technology

European Space Agency (ESA)


Consider the following statements:

  1. The EnVision Mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) is scheduled to be launched in 2026.
  2. EnVision is an ESA led mission with contributions from NASA.
  3. The Mission has the objective of studying Venus.
  4. Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

A
1, 2 and 3
B
2, 3 and 4
C
1, 3 and 4
D
1, 2, 3 and 4

Science & Technology

‘Cyber Capabilities And National Power: A Net Assessment’


Consider the following statements:

  1. The report titled ‘Cyber Capabilities and National Power: A Net Assessment’ is published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
  2. India is one of the countries assessed by the report.
  3. The assessed countries are divided into 4 tiers in the report.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1,2 and 3

Science & Technology

The Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM)


Consider the following statements:

  1. The Sun’s outer atmosphere is known as corona.
  2. The temperature of the photosphere – the visible surface of the Sun – exceeds one million Kelvin.
  3. The Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM) on board Chandrayaan-2 provides spectral measurement of soft X-ray spectrum of the Sun.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1,2 and 3

Science & Technology

PASIPHAE


Consider the following statements:

  1. Polar-Areas Stellar-Imaging in Polarisation High-Accuracy Experiment (PASIPHAE) has the objective of studying the polarisation in the light coming from millions of stars.
  2. The name PASIPHAE is inspired from Pasiphae, the daughter of Greek Sun God Helios.
  3. The Skinakas Observatory is located in Italy.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1,2 and 3

International

UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)


Consider the following statements:

  1. UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) recently announced the first Actions officially endorsed as part of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development, 2021-2030 (Ocean Decade).
  2. The vision of the Ocean Decade is ‘The science we need for the ocean we want’.
  3. World Oceans Day is observed on 8th June.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1and 3
D
1,2 and 3

International

Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS)


With respect to Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), consider the following statements:

  1. It was established in 1975 via the Treaty of Lagos.
  2. There are 15 Members in the group.
  3. Recently, it has imposed sanctions on Mali for second military coup.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
1 and 2 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
1,2 and 3

Science & Technology

Launched Akash-NG


Consider the following statements:

  1. The recently launched Akash-NG is a surface-to-surface missile.
  2. The Akash-NG missile system has been developed by Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad.
  3. Production agencies of Akash-NG include Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL).

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
All of the above

Science & Technology

A New Study On The Structure Of Mercury


Consider the following statements:

  1. A new study on the structure of Mercury has revealed that the planet has a big-sized core relative to its mantle.
  2. Mercury is the hottest planet in our solar system.
  3. When the planets began to form from clumps of that dust and gas, planets closer to the Sun incorporated more iron into their cores.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
All of the above

National

Buddha


Consider the following statements in contest to various gestures of Buddha:

  1. The Sitting Buddha symbolizes ‘Earth’ as being witness to his enlightenment.
  2. The Standing Buddha signifies rising to teach after reaching nirvana.
  3. The Walking Buddha is either beginning his journey toward enlightenment or returning after giving a sermon.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
Only 3
C
1 and 2
D
1,2 and 3

International

Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN)


Consider the following statements regarding the Sustainable Development Report 2021 released by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN):

  1. The report includes the SDG Index and Dashboards to track progress on the SDGs.
  2. Finland tops the 2021 SDG Index, followed by Sweden and Denmark.
  3. India ranks 125 out of 165 countries.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1,2 and 3

Science & Technology

Multipurpose Laboratory Module


Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, Russia’s Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM), Nauka, successfully docked with the International Space Station (ISS).
  2. In 1998, Russia launched the first module of the International Space Station (ISS), Zarya.
  3. The ISS orbits the Earth at an average altitude of approximately 800 miles.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
All of the above

National

Co-operatives In India


Consider the following statements with reference to the Co-operatives in India:

  1. The Constitution (98th Amendment) Act, 2010 added a new Part IXB right after Part IXA (Municipals) regarding the cooperatives working in India.
  2. A new Article 43B was added in the Directive Principles of State Policy (Part IV) regarding the “promotion of cooperative societies.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?

A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Only 2
D
Neither 1 nor 2

Science & Technology

NASA’s


Consider the following statements:

  1. NASA’s Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Mission is a part of NASA’s Discovery Program (1992).
  2. The InSight spacecraft touched down on Venus at the end of 2018.
  3. One Martian year is equivalent to almost two Earth years.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
None of the above

Ecology & Environment

Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism


Consider the following statements:

  1. The EU’s ‘Fit for 55’ package proposes to cut greenhouse gases by 55 per cent by 2050.
  2. The proposed Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) will require foreign producers to pay for the carbon emitted while manufacturing their products.
  3. As per the proposal, a new Emissions Trading System (ETS) for buildings and road transport, separate from the EU’s current ETS, will become operational by 2026.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
1, 2 and 3

Science & Technology

Exoplanet


Consider the following statements:

  1. A moon-forming region around an exoplanet, PDS 70c, was recently discovered.
  2. The Atacama Large Millimetre/submillimetre Array (ALMA) observatory is located in Brazil.
  3. More than 4000 exoplanets have been discovered till date.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?

A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
None of the above

National

‘Shumang Leela’


A traditional form of theatre, ‘Shumang Leela’ belongs to which of the following Indian States?

A
Manipur
B
Nagaland
C
Assam
D
Mizoram

National

Indian Constitution


Consider the following statements with reference to the articles of the Indian Constitution:

  1. Under Article 150, States also get divided into territorial constituencies as per Delimitation Act after every Census.
  2. Article 225 empowers the High Court to make rules regarding proceedings and other matters connected to the High Court.
  3. Article 227 determines that every High Court shall have superintendence over all courts and tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction (except a court formed under a law related to armed forces).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A
Only 1
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
Only 3

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