Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh: A Nationalist and Reformer

On 14th September 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh State University in Aligarh (UP).

About Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh

  • Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh was born into the ruling Jat family of Mursan estate in Hathras in 1886.
  • Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh was a freedom fighter, revolutionary, writer, social reformer, and internationalist.
  • Raja gave up his own residence in Mathura to be converted into a technical school named Prem Mahavidyalaya in 1909.
  • On December 1, 1915, he proclaimed the first Provisional Government of India outside India at the historic Bagh-e-Babur in Kabul. He declared himself president, and his fiery fellow revolutionary Maulana Barkatullah of Bhopal, prime minister, of the Provisional Government.
  • Mahendra Pratap Singh, who was an alumnus of the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College, which later became the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), had given 3.04 acres of land to the university on lease for constructing a school in 1929.
  • In 1929, Mahendra Pratap launched the ‘World Federation’ in Berlin.
  • He was nominated for the 1932 Nobel Peace Prize by the Swedish doctor N A Nilsson, who was a member of the Commission of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
  • After almost 32 years of exile, Mahendra Pratap Singh finally returned to India in 1946.
  • He entered Lok Sabha as an Independent candidate from Mathura in 1957.