News Crux Summit, Seminars & Conferences

13th BRICS Summit

As part of India’s ongoing Chairship of BRICS in 2021, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will chair the 13th BRICS Summit on 9 September 2021 in virtual format.

  • The meeting will be attended by the President of Brazil, H.E. Mr. Jair Bolsonaro; President of Russia, H.E. Mr. Vladimir Putin; President of China, H.E. Mr. Xi Jinping; and President of South Africa, H.E. Mr. Cyril Ramaphosa.
  • India’s National Security Adviser, Shri AjitDoval, President of the New Development Bank, Mr. Marcos Troyjo, the pro tempore Chair of the BRICS Business Council, Shri Onkar Kanwar and pro tempore Chair of the BRICS Women’s Business Alliance, Dr. Sangita Reddy, will present reports on the outcomes pursued this year under their respective tracks to the Leaders during the Summit.
  • The theme for the Summit is ‘BRICS@15: Intra-BRICS cooperation for continuity, consolidation and consensus’.

India had outlined four priority areas for its Chairship. These are

  1. Reform of the Multilateral System,
  2. Counter Terrorism,
  3. Using Digital and Technological Tools for achieving SDGs, and
  4. Enhancing People to People exchanges.
  • In addition to these areas, the leaders will also exchange views on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other current global and regional issues.
  • This is the second time Prime Minister Modi will be chairing the BRICS Summit. Earlier he had chaired the Goa Summit in 2016.
  • The Indian Chairship of BRICS this year coincides with the fifteenth anniversary of BRICS, as reflected in the theme for the Summit.

News Crux Military Exercise & Operations


Navies from Australia and India have commenced the bilateral maritime exercise, codenamed Australia India (AUSINDEX) 2021 off Darwin.

  • The maritime exercise, which started on 6th September 2021 will run until 10 September, focuses on developing deeper understanding and cooperation between the Indian Navy (IN) and the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
  • Indian Navy task group comprising vessels Shivalik and Kadmatt are participate in the exercise alongside the RAN’s Anzac-class frigate HMAS Warramunga.
  • The fourth iteration of AUSINDEX exercise includes complex surface, sub-surface and air operations between ships, submarines, helicopters and long-range maritime patrol aircraft (MPA) of the two participating navies.
  • The exercise is a representation of Joint Guidance signed by the Chief of the Naval Staff, IN and Chief of Navy, RAN on 18th August 2021. This important document is aligned to the ‘2020 Comprehensive Strategic Partnership’ between the two nations and aims to further consolidate shared commitment to regional and global security challenges promoting peace, security and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • Commenced in 2015 as a bilateral IN-RAN maritime exercise, AUSINDEX has grown in complexity over the years and the 3rd edition of the exercise, held in 2019 in the Bay of Bengal, included anti-submarine drills for the first time.

Current News National National Security

Karbi Anglong Agreement: A Step towards “Insurgency free prosperous North East”

On 4th September 2021, a historic tripartite Karbi Anglong Agreement was signed by the Union Govt., the Assam government and five insurgency groups from the state to bring peace to the Northeastern state’s Karbi-Anglong district.

  • Karbis are a major ethnic community of Assam dotted by many factions, and marked by ethnic violence, killings, abductions, taxation since the late 1980s.
  • The five groups concerned are: Karbi Longri North Cachar Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF), People’s Democratic Council of Karbi Longri (PDCK), United People’s Liberation Army (UPLA), Karbi People’s Liberation Tigers (KPLT) and the Kuki Liberation Front (KLF).
  • With this historic agreement, over 1000 armed cadres have abjured violence and joined the mainstream of society. A Special Development Package of Rs. 1000 crores over five years will be given by the Union Government and Assam Government to undertake specific projects for the development of Karbi areas.

Salient Features of the Agreement

  • This Memorandum of Settlement will ensure greater devolution of autonomy to the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC), protection of identity, language, culture, etc. of Karbi people and focussed development of the Council area, without affecting the territorial and administrative integrity of Assam.
  • The Karbi armed groups have agreed to abjure violence and join the peaceful democratic process as established by law of the land. The Agreement also provides for rehabilitation of cadres of the armed groups.
  • The Government of Assam shall set up a Karbi Welfare Council for focussed development of Karbi people living outside KAAC area.
  • The Consolidated Fund of the State will be augmented to supplement the resources of KAAC.
  • Overall, the present settlement proposes to give more legislative, executive, administrative and financial powers to KAAC.

Sports In News Tokyo 2020 Paralympics

India at Tokyo 2020 Paralympics

The 2020 Summer Paralympics was the 16th Summer Paralympic Games and was held in Tokyo, Japan between 24 August and 5 September 2021.

  • India registered its best show with largest ever medal haul (19) at the Paralympic Games finishing with five gold, eight silver and six bronze medals.
  • India surpassed its previous best haul of four medals at Rio 2016.
  • India won its first medal of the Games through Bhavinaben Patel, who brought home silver in table tennis women's singles (Class 4).

Indian Medal Winners at Tokyo Paralympics

Name Sport Event Medal
Sumit Antil Athletics Men's Javelin Throw - F64 GOLD
Pramod Bhagat Badminton Men's Singles SL3 GOLD
Krishna Nagar Badminton Men's Singles SH6 GOLD
Manish Narwal Shooting P4 - Mixed 50m Pistol SH1 GOLD
Avani Lekhara Shooting R2 - Women's 10m Air Rifle Standing SH1 GOLD
Yogesh Kathuniya Athletics Men's Discus Throw - F56 SILVER
Nishad Kumar Athletics Men's High Jump - T47 SILVER
Mariyappan Thangavelu Athletics Men's High Jump - T63 SILVER
Praveen Kumar Athletics Men's High Jump - T64 SILVER
Devendra Jhajharia Athletics Men's Javelin Throw - F46 SILVER
Suhas L. Yathiraj Badminton Men's Singles SL4 SILVER
Singhraj Adhana Shooting P4 - Mixed 50m Pistol SH1 SILVER
Bhavina Patel Table Tennis Women's Singles - Class 4 SILVER
Harvinder Singh Archery Men's Individual Recurve - Open BRONZE
Sharad Kumar Athletics Men's High Jump - T63 BRONZE
Sundar Singh Gurjar Athletics Men's Javelin Throw - F46 BRONZE
Manoj Sarkar Badminton Men's Singles SL3 BRONZE
Singhraj Adhana Shooting P1 - Men's 10m Air Pistol SH1 BRONZE
Avani Lekhara Shooting R8 - Women's 50m Rifle 3 Positions SH1 BRONZE

Some Milestones

  • Pramod Bhagat: He scripted history by becoming India’s first-ever para-badminton gold medalist in Paralympics.
  • Avani Lekhara:She became only the second Indian to win multiple medals at the same Paralympics after Joginder Singh Sodhi, who won three medals at the 1984 Games. She also joined Sodhi, Devendra Jhajharia and Mariyappan Thangavelu with two or more Paralympic medals.She won bronze in the women's 50m rifle 3 positions SH1 event to add to her gold medal in the women's 10m air rifle standing SH1 event.
  • Harvinder Singh: He made history by becoming the first ever Indian archer to win a medal at the Paralympics.
  • Devendra Jhajharia: He became just the second Indian to win three medals at the Paralympics after winning silver in the men's F46 javelin throw event with a personal best effort of 64.35m.
  • Bhavinaben Patel: She won silver and is the first Indian table tennis player to win a medal at the Paralympics in history.
2020 Paralympics Medal Tally (Top 4 and India)
Rank Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 China 96 60 51 207
2 Great Britain 41 38 45 124
3 United States 37 36 31 104
4 RPC 36 33 49 118
24 India 5 8 6 19