Fact Sheet Economy & Infrastructure

Agri Exports: India breaks into the Top 10


India broke into the top 10 list of agricultural produce exporters in 2019 with a sizeable share in the export of rice, cotton, soya beans and meat, according to a World Trade Organization (WTO) report on the trends in world agricultural trade in the past 25 years.

    • In 2019, Mexico and India, with 3.4% and 3.1% share in global agri exports, respectively, replaced Malaysia (7th) and New Zealand (9th) as the largest exporters, while the US, which topped the list in 1995 (22.2%), was overtaken by the European Union in 2019 (16.1%).
    • The US’s share fell to 13.8% in 2019.
    • Brazil maintained its ranking as the third largest exporter, increasing its share from 4.8% in 1995 to 7.8% in 2019.
    • China climbed from the sixth spot in 1995 (4%) to fourth in 2019 (5.4%).
  • Rice: In 2019, India (33%) overtook Thailand (20%) to top the list, while Vietnam (12%) overtook the US to the third spot. The top rice exporters in 1995 included Thailand (38%), India (26%) and the US (19%). The top 10 exporters accounted for more than 96% of exports in both 1995 and 2019.
  • Cotton: India is the third-largest cotton exporter (7.6%) and the fourth-largest importer (10%) in 2019.
  • Soya Beans: In the largest traded agri product, soya beans, India (0.1%) has a meagre share, but was ranked ninth in the world.
  • Meat: In the “meat and edible meat offal" category, India was ranked eighth in the world with a 4% share in global trade. While India was the seventh-largest wheat and meslin exporter in 1995, it does not feature in the top 10 list in 2019.

Fact Sheet Economy & Infrastructure

6 Years of Urban Transformation


The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) recently commemorated 6 years of the three transformative Urban Missions:

  1. Smart Cities Mission (SCM)
  2. Atal Mission for Urban Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) and
  3. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U)

Achievements

  • Under PMAY-U, 1.12 crore houses sanctioned and over 83 lakh houses grounded. 16 lakh families benefitted from PMAY-U’s Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS). Government investment under PMAY-U created around 246 lakh jobs.
  • Under AMRUT Mission, so far 105 lakh house-hold water tap connections and 78 lakh sewer/ sepatage connections provided. 88 lakh streetlights replaced with energy efficient LED lights leading to energy savings of 193 crore units. 84.6 lakh tons carbon footprint reduced through various initiatives under AMRUT.
  • Under Smart Cities Mission, 70 cities have developed and operationalised Integrated Command and Control Centres (ICCCs). 310 Smart Road projects, 57 Smart Solar Projects and 101 Smart Water Projects completed.