National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

Why is it in News?

NDMA has played a pivotal role in minimising the catastrophe caused by Cyclone Fani.

About NDMA:

  • The NDMA is the apex statutory body for disaster management in India. It derives its powers and responsibilities from the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • It was established in 2009.
  • It is under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • The Prime Minister is its ex-officio chairman of NDMA.
  • NDMA equips and trains other government officials, institutions and the community in mitigation for and response during a crisis situation or a disaster.
  • It operates the National Institute of Disaster Management, which develops practices, delivers hands-on training and organizes drills for disaster management.
  • It also equips and trains disaster management cells at the state and local levels.
  • State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) is headed by the respective Chief Minister.

Which all Disasters are catered to by the NDMA/SDMA?

NDMA/SDMA caters to both natural and man-made disasters which are listed below:

Man-made disasters:

  • Biological disaster
  • Chemical disaster
  • Nuclear & Radiological Disaster

Natural Disaster:

  • Floods
  • Earthquake
  • Cyclones
  • Urban floods
  • Tsunamis
  • Heat waves