National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
Why is it in News?
NDMA has played a pivotal role in minimising the catastrophe caused by Cyclone Fani.
- The NDMA is the apex statutory body for disaster management in India. It derives its powers and responsibilities from the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
- It was established in 2009.
- It is under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
- The Prime Minister is its ex-officio chairman of NDMA.
- NDMA equips and trains other government officials, institutions and the community in mitigation for and response during a crisis situation or a disaster.
- It operates the National Institute of Disaster Management, which develops practices, delivers hands-on training and organizes drills for disaster management.
- It also equips and trains disaster management cells at the state and local levels.
- State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) is headed by the respective Chief Minister.
Which all Disasters are catered to by the NDMA/SDMA?
NDMA/SDMA caters to both natural and man-made disasters which are listed below:
- Biological disaster
- Chemical disaster
- Nuclear & Radiological Disaster
- Urban floods
- Heat waves