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Current Affairs Questions

Ecology & Environment:

Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, published the Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022.
  2. The new rules will replace Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001.
  3. The rules cover all types of batteries except industrial batteries.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Decarbonizing Transport

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, NITI Aayog and World Resources Institute (WRI), India, jointly launched the ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India as part of the NDC-Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA) project.
  2. The project aims to bring down the peak level of GHG emissions (from transport sector) in Asia resulting in problems like congestion and air pollution.
  3. India’s transport sector is the country’s third largest CO2 emitter.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea

Consider the following statements:

  1. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international agreement that was adopted in 1982. It is also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea Treaty.
  2. It lays down a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world's oceans and seas establishing rules governing all uses of the oceans and their resources.
  3. India is not associated with UNCLOS.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Ramsar Convention

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Ramsar Convention refers to the Convention on Wetlands held in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971.
  2. An intergovernmental treaty was adopted in the Convention. It came into force in 1985.
  3. The Convention aims for the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of a country extends from its coast to about 200 nautical miles or 370 km into the sea, till where it has special rights for exploration. Waters beyond that are known as open seas or high seas.
  2. The high seas comprise nearly 60% of the Earth’s surface.
  3. Typically the focus of mining activity in the high seas has been for gas hydrates, precious metals and other fossil fuel resources.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Cheetah Reintroduction

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, Government of India and Government of the Republic of Namibia entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on wildlife conservation and sustainable biodiversity utilization for establishing the cheetah in its historical range in India.
  2. The main goal of Cheetah reintroduction project in India is to establish viable cheetah metapopulation in India that allows the cheetah to perform its functional role as a top predator and provides space for the expansion of the cheetah within its historical range.
  3. Bringing the cheetah back to India would have important conservation ramifications.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Snow Leopards

Consider the following statements:

  1. Snow leopards have been categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its Red List and in the Schedule II of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  2. They are also listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).
  3. India has identified three large landscapes for conservation: Hemis-Spiti across Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh, Nanda Devi-Gangotri in Uttarakhand and Khangchendzonga-Tawang across Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Karakoram Anomaly

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, Indian researchers postulated a new theory towards solving the mystery of Karakoram Anomaly.
  2. They attributed this phenomenon to recent revival of western disturbance.
  3. The study found that the precipitation intensity of western disturbances impacting Karakoram has increased by around 20% in last two decades.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Microplastics

Consider the following statements:

  1. According to a recently published research, microplastics have been found, for the first time, in freshly fallen snow in Antarctica.
  2. Microplastics are not biodegradable and once they are found in the environment, they begin to accumulate.
  3. Microplastics are tiny plastic particles that are smaller than 1 mm in length.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Ocean Promise

Consider the following statements:

  1. At the recently held UN Ocean Conference at Lisbon, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) announced ‘Ocean Promise’- its vision for Blue Economy.
  2. The Promise outlines actions in key sectors to accelerate economic growth, create jobs and livelihoods, improve food security, reduce poverty and inequity, and promote gender equality.
  3. UNDP’s this initiative will enable 100 coastal countries including all Small Island Developing States to realize the maximum potential of their blue economies through sustainable, low-emission and climate-resilient ocean action by 2030.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


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