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Current Affairs Questions

Ecology & Environment:

United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, at its fifth session held in Nairobi, Kenya, the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) adopted a resolution to formulate an international legally-binding instrument to end plastic pollution.
  2. The resolution establishes an intergovernmental negotiating committee (INC) which is expected to submit its draft agreement by 2026.
  3. The resolution identifies the threat that plastic pollution poses to human health and all environments, and focuses on the need to undertake measures throughout the lifecycle of plastics in order to efficiently reduce their negative impact.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Disaster Management Plan Of Ministry Of Panchayati Raj (DMP-MoPR)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the Disaster Management Plan of Ministry of Panchayati Raj (DMP-MoPR) was released.
  2. It has been prepared with a larger perspective of community-based planning starting from Village to District Panchayat level.
  3. It incorporates many innovations in addition to being in compliance with Disaster Management Act 2005, National Disaster Management Policy 2009, and guidelines issued by NDMA.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


National Park

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Kaziranga National Park is home to the second largest-population of the one-horned rhinoceros in the world.
  2. According to a recent study, Kaziranga National Park in Assam is releasing more carbon than it is absorbing.
  3. The unique soil of the deciduous forest in the National Park is home to a large population of bacteria that release carbon dioxide as they breathe, which adds to the carbon dioxide being emanated by other organisms, including trees.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are carbon-containing chemicals released by petrol and diesel vehicles.
  2. They impact air quality and human health.
  3. VOCs can have a natural origin also. Plants emit these chemicals to attract pollinators, defend themselves from pests and predators and adapt to environmental stress.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Study

Consider the following statements:

  1. According to a recently published study, the difference between a scenario where the Earth will be warmed by upto 1.8 degrees Celsius by the end of the 21st century and a scenario where the Earth will be warmed by upto 3.6 degrees Celsius depends on the social system.
  2. The study says that there is a “strong probability” of warming between 1 and 2 degrees Celsius at the end of the century.
  3. As regards global warming, one of the most prominent temperature-control goals is the figure of 1.5 degrees Celsius, which is the target set out by the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement that was signed by 195 countries in 2015.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Aryabhatta Research Institute Of Observational Sciences (ARIES)

Consider the following statements:

  1. A recent study conducted by Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital, has shown that water vapour exhibits a positive radiative effect at the top of the atmosphere, suggesting an increase in overall warming in the high altitude Himalayas due to it.
  2. Aerosol-cloud-precipitation interactions over this region, which are one of the most climate-sensitive regions, are poorly understood, apparently, due to a lack of proper observational data.
  3. Precipitable Water Vapour (PWV) is one of the most rapidly varying components in the atmosphere and is mainly accumulated in the upper troposphere.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) carried out coastal vulnerability assessment for entire Indian coast at states level to bring out an Atlas comprising 156 maps on 1:1,00,000 scales to prepare a Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI).
  2. It is also being planned to carry out a coastal Multi-Hazard Vulnerability Mapping (MHVM).
  3. Coastal vulnerability is a spatial concept that identifies people and places that are susceptible to disturbances resulting from coastal hazards such as coastal storms, sea level rise and erosion, etc.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) - an international NGO - has released a report, titled “Connecting the Dots: Plastic Pollution and the Planetary Emergency”.
  2. The report pulls together recent scientific data on the impact of plastics on climate, biodiversity, human health and the environment.
  3. According to the report, there is no need of a new global plastics treaty.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


United States National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said that the global surface temperature for 2021 was the sixth-highest since record keeping began in 1880.
  2. The average temperature across global surfaces was 1.40 C above the 20th century average. This was the sixth highest among all years in the 1880-2021 record.
  3. The nine years spanning 2013 through 2021 rank among the 10 warmest years on record.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


India Meteorological Department (IMD)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, India Meteorological Department (IMD) has released India’s first “Climate Hazards and Vulnerability Atlas of India”.
  2. It has been developed by Climate Research and Services (CRS) office, India Meteorological Department (IMD), Chennai.
  3. It is based on 14 extreme weather events and the risks they pose to the local population, livelihoods and economy of each district.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


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