UPSC Hindi Mains Books for 2023

Current Affairs Questions

Ecology & Environment:

Cryomesh Technology

Consider the following statements:

  1. In the recent lab trial, the world's first with Great Barrier Reef coral, scientists used the cryomesh to freeze coral larvae at the Australian Institute of Marine Sciences (AIMS).
  2. The mesh technology will help store coral larvae at -196°C (-320.8°F).
  3. The new lightweight cryomesh can be manufactured cheaply and better preserves coral.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Tal Chhapar Sanctuary

Consider the following statements:

  1. Tal Chhapar Sanctuary in Rajasthan’s Churu district is a distinctive shelter of the most graceful Antelope seen in India, the Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra).
  2. It was established in 1986.
  3. Recently, the sanctuary received a protective cover against a proposed move of the State government to reduce the size of its eco-sensitive zone.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Namami Gange Programme

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the United Nations (UN) recognized Namami Gange initiative to rejuvenate India’s sacred River Ganga as one of the top 10 World Restoration Flagships to revive the natural world.
  2. Namami Gange Programme is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as a ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2018 to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution and conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
  3. The programme is being operated under the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


19th COP Of CITES

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the 19th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP 19) to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was held at Panama City.
  2. The Conference accepted a proposal to include sea cucumbers in Appendix II of the Convention.
  3. India’s Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) was included in Appendix II of the Convention, thereby requiring it to follow CITES regulations for the trade of the species.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Global Offshore Wind Alliance

Consider the following statements:

  1. In India, more than 2 GW of wind energy was installed in 2021 exceeding the 1.1 GW of installations during the previous year.
  2. Global Offshore Wind Alliance was recently formed by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Denmark and the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).
  3. Its target is to contribute to achieving a total global offshore wind capacity of a minimum of 380 GW by 2030.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Mangrove Alliance For Climate (MAC)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, at the 27th Session of the Conference of Parties (COP27) held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) was launched with India as a partner.
  2. An initiative led by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Indonesia, the Mangrove Alliance for Climate also includes India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Japan, the US, Argentina and Spain.
  3. It seeks to educate and spread awareness worldwide on the role of mangroves in curbing global warming and its potential as a solution for climate change.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


The Lancet Countdown On Health And Climate Change

Consider the following statements in the context of 'The Lancet countdown on health and climate change: health at the mercy of fossil fuels' report:

  1. Between 2012-2021, infants under one year old experienced a higher number of heatwave days compared to 1985–2005.
  2. Globally, between 2017-21, heat-related deaths increased 40%, reaching 3.1 lakh deaths per year.
  3. In India, the number of heat-related deaths among those over 65 increased by 55% between 2000-04 and 2017-21.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Mission Life

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, India's Prime Minister along with the Secretary General of the United Nations launched Mission LiFE.
  2. It is a new initiative for sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
  3. The Mission incorporates the spirit of the P3 model, i.e., Pro Planet People, as it is premised on the basic principles of ‘Lifestyle of the planet, for the planet and by the planet’.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Swiss Alps Glacier Melting

Consider the following statements:

  1. According to a new study, in 2022, glaciers in the Swiss Alps melted more than any other year on record.
  2. This year, Switzerland’s glaciers have lost an average of 8.2 per cent of their ice.
  3. The last time glaciers had an extreme melt season was in 2003, when 3.8 % of glacier ice melted across Switzerland.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Climate Tipping Points (CTPs)

Consider the following statements:

  1. According to a recent study, the climate crisis has driven the world to the brink of multiple disastrous tipping points.
  2. Climate Tipping Points (CTPs) are markers of a larger climate system which when triggered beyond a threshold, perpetuate warming on their own.
  3. According to the study, five dangerous tipping points may already have been passed due to the 1.1°C of global heating caused by humanity to date.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


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