Current Questions

IAS/ PCS :

New, Emerging And Strategic Technologies (NEST)

Recently, the External Affairs Ministry announced the setting up of New, Emerging and Strategic Technologies (NEST) division. Consider the following statements with reference to the NEST:

  1. The NEST will act as a nodal point to exchange views with foreign governments on new and emerging strategic technologies.
  2. NEST will negotiate technology governance rules, standards and architecture, suited to India’s conditions, in multilateral and plurilateral frameworks.
  3. The division will also be holding responsibility for matters that involves negotiations with multilateral fora like the United Nations,G20.

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Yakshagana

With reference to the traditional Indian theatre form ‘Yakshagana’, consider the following statements:

  1. Yakshagana is strongly influenced by the Vaishnava Bhakti movement. Its stories are mainly drawn from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and other Hindu epics.
  2. Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn.

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Open Market Operations

Consider the following statements with reference to the Open Market Operations (OMOs):

  1. Open Market Operations is the sale and purchase of government securities and treasury bills by the central bank of the country.
  2. It is one of the tools used to smoothen the liquidity conditions through the year and minimise its impact on the interest rate and inflation rate levels.

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Blue Flag Certification

With reference to the Blue Flag Certification, consider the following statements:

  1. Blue Flag Certificationis accorded by an international agency -Foundation for Environment Education, Denmark, based on 31 stringent criteria.
  2. It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987, and in areas outside Europe since 2001, when South Africa joined.

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Senna Spectabilis

Recently, the Kerala Government has planned to arrest the rampant growth of aninvasive plant species in the forest areas of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (NBR), including the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.What is the name of that invasive plant species?


Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act

Consider the following statements with reference to the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA):

  1. AFSPA gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”.
  2. Justice Jeevan Reddy Commission recommended to repeal AFSPA in its 2005 report.

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Ghataprabha River

Consider the following statements with reference to the Ghataprabha River:

  1. Flowing through the states of Maharashtra, Andhra and Karnataka, Ghataprabha (river is an important tributary of the Godavari River.
  2. Hiranyakeshi and Markandeya River are tributaries of Ghataprabha.

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Merchant Discount Rate

With reference to the Merchant Discount Rate (MDR), consider the following statements:

  1. MDR is a fee charged from a merchant by a bank for accepting payments from customers through credit and debit cards in their establishments.
  2. MDR compensates the card issuing bank, the lender which puts the PoS terminal and payment gateways such as Mastercard or Visa for their services.
  3. MDR charges are usually shared in pre-agreed proportion between the bank and a merchant and is expressed in percentage of transaction amount.

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National Broadband Mission

With reference to the National Broadband mission, consider the following statements:

  1. The project involves laying down around 30 Lakhs kilometer route Optical Fiber Cable, increase tower density from 0.42 to 1.0 tower per thousand of population by 2024.
  2. It envisages an investment of Rs.8 lakh crore in next 5 years from both government and industry to connect the country digitally at a faster pace.

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Microdot Technology

Consider the following statements with reference to the Microdot Technology:

  1. Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of the vehicle or any other machine with microscopic dots, which give a unique identification.
  2. The microdots and adhesive will become permanent fixtures/affixation which cannot be removed without damaging the asset i.e. the vehicle itself.

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