Current Affairs Questions

Science & Technology:

Arbitrary Code

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the Log4j related vulnerability, also known as Log4 Shell was reported.
  2. Log4j is a popular Java logging framework involving arbitrary code execution.
  3. This software flaw could allow attackers to control and execute ‘arbitrary code’ and have uncontrolled access to computer systems.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Solar

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, NASA’s Parker Solar Probe officially “touched” the Sun, plunging through the unexplored solar atmosphere known as the corona.
  2. Parker Solar Probe was launched in 2020.
  3. The mission’s central aim is to trace how energy and heat move through the Sun’s corona and to study the source of the solar wind’s acceleration.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Magnetars

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, scientists found the first clues to understand violent short duration flares from a compact star of rare category called magnetar.
  2. The magnetar is located in the direction of the NGC 253, a prominent galaxy in the Sculptor group of galaxies.
  3. Magnetars are compact type of neutron stars with the most intense magnetic field and energy.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, NASA launched a new mission named Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE).
  2. The mission will study the most extreme and mysterious objects in the universe – supernova remnants, supermassive black holes, and dozens of other high-energy objects.
  3. IXPE observatory is a joint effort of NASA and the Canadian Space Agency.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Defence Research And Development Organisation

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully conducted the maiden flight-test of ‘Pralay’ Missile.
  2. Pralay is India’s first surface-to-surface conventional cruise missile.
  3. The missile has a range of 150-500 kilometres.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Double Asteroid Redirection Test

Consider the following statements:

  1. NASA launched its Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) Mission, the world’s first full-scale planetary defence test mission to test technology for defending Earth against potential asteroid or comet hazards.
  2. DART’s one-way trip is to the Didymos (Greek for “twin”) asteroid system, which comprises a pair of asteroids.
  3. DART’s target is the moonlet, Dimorphos which orbits Didymos.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, a team of Indian scientists from the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad, has discovered a new exoplanet orbiting too close to an evolved (aging) star.
  2. The discovery was made using PRL Advanced Radial-velocity Abu-sky Search (PARAS) optical fiber-fed spectrograph, the first of its kind in India, on the 1.2 metre Telescope of PRL at its Mt. Abu Observatory (Rajasthan).
  3. The star, known as HD 82139 (as per the Henry Draper catalogue) and TOI 1789 (as per the TESS catalogue), has a mass 3 times that of our Sun.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


European Space Agency

Consider the following statements:

  1. The European Space Agency (ESA) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated to the peaceful exploration and use of space for the benefit of humankind.
  2. Established in 1990, ESA works together with its 15 Member States to push the frontiers of science and technology, and promote economic growth in Europe.
  3. Its mission is to shape the development of Europe’s space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Indian Space Association (ISpA)

Consider the following statements:

  1. The recently launched Indian Space Association (ISpA) will act as an independent, single-window agency for enabling the opening up of the space sector to start-ups and the private sector.
  2. NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), incorporated in 2019, is a private entity in the space sector.
  3. Approved in 2020, Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) is an independent nodal agency under Department of Space.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


National Aeronautics And Space Administration

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that its upcoming Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) will land at the Moon’s South Pole, near the western edge of the Nobile Crater.
  2. The mission aims to map and explore the South Pole’s surface and subsurface for water and other resources.
  3. Nobile crater is an impact crater that was formed through a collision with another smaller celestial body, and is almost permanently covered in shadows, allowing ice to exist there.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


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