Current Question

IAS/ PCS :

Paris Agreement

Recently, the world’s fourth largest emitter, Russia, formally adopted the Paris Agreement. Consider the following statements regarding the Paris Agreement:

  1. The Agreement came in to force on 22nd April 2016 – Earth Day – at UN Headquarters in New York.
  2. It aims to substantially reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to limit the global temperature increase in this century to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while pursuing means to limit the increase to 2 degrees.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


Participatory Guarantee Scheme

Recently, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) said that the Union Agriculture Ministry’s Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS) willincentivize more farmers to grow organic food. Consider the following statements about the PGS:

  1. It is a process of certifying organic products, which ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards.
  2. According to the government’s 2015 PGS manual, guiding principles of PGS in India is based in India is based on 3 pillars, viz. participatory approach, transparency and trust.

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Special Expenditure Observers

Recently, the Election Commission of India (ECI) has appointed two Special Expenditure Observers for the forthcoming elections to the Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra.Consider the following statements regarding the Special Expenditure Observers:

  1. The Special Expenditure Observers are appointed in the exercise of the powers conferred on ECI under Article 324 of the Constitution and the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
  2. The task of Special Observers will be supervising and monitoring the work being done by the electoral machinery and ensure that stringent and effective enforcement action is undertaken.

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Fugitive Economic Offenders Act

Recently, the Enforcement Directorate (ED) moved an application before the special Prevention of Money Laundering Act court on Monday to declare the controversial televangelist ZakirNaik a Fugitive Economic Offender under the Fugitive Economic Offender Act-2018.Consider the following statements about the Fugitive Economic Offender Act:

  1. It provides to confiscate properties and assets of economic offenders that evade prosecution by remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts.
  2. Economic offences with a value of more than Rs 500 crores, which are listed in the schedule of the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, come under the purview of this law.

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Ladakhi Shondol Dance

Recently, LadakhiShondolDance has created history by breaking into Guinness Book of World Records as the largest Ladakhi dance.Consider the following statements about the ShondolDance:

  1. The dance performance was held on concluding day of the annual week long Buddhist carnival Losar festival.
  2. It is known as the royal dance of Ladakh.

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Unique Methods Of Management And Treatment Of Inherited Disorders

Recently, the government launched the Unique Methods of Management and Treatment of Inherited Disorders (UMMID) to tackle the menace of genetic diseases in newborns. Consider the following statements about UMMID:

  1. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare will be the implementing agency for UMMID Initiative.
  2. Under the scheme, National Inherited Diseases Administration (NIDAN) kendras have been established.
  3. A total ten NIDAN Kendras have been established in the first phase to provide comprehensive clinical care.

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Wildlife Protection Act (WLPA), 1972

Recently, the Enforcement Directorate has issued a provisional attachment order in respect of three chimpanzees and four marmosets in connection with a money laundering probe into a Wildlife (Protection) Act case.Consider the following statements regarding the Wildlife Protection Act(WLPA),1972:

  1. It prohibits the injuring, destroying and removing any part of a wild animal’s body.
  2. It also has provisions regarding the is also against taxidermy, which is the preservation of a dead wild animal as a trophy, or in the form of rugs, preserved skins, antlers, horns, eggs, teeth, and nails
  3. Schedule V of the act provides protection and inhibit trade of medicinal plants as well as agricultural species of plants.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


Coastal Regulation Zone - 2018

Recently, residents living along the VembanadLake in Maradu, Kerala protested against a recent Supreme Court order to raze down their homes, which were built there in gross violation of Coastal Regulation Zone(CRZ)-2018 guidelines. Consider the following statements about the CZR-2018:

  1. CRZ Notification 2018 is based on the recommendations of ShaileshNayakCommittee.
  2. CRZ-1: these are ecologically sensitive areas these are essential in maintaining the ecosystem of the coast. They lie between low and high tide line where exploration of natural gas and extraction of salt are permitted.
  3. CRZ-II: includes designated urban areas that are substantially built up. Construction activities are allowed on the landward side only.

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Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) has achieved a significant milestone by crossing one crore beneficiaries. Consider the following statements about PMMVY:

  1. It is a direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme under which cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank to meet enhanced nutritional needs.
  2. All the pregnant women and lactating mothers who have their pregnancy on or after 1st January 2017, are eligible for the scheme.
  3. Under the scheme, they will receive a cash benefit of Rs. 4,000 in three installments on fulfilling the respective conditionality, viz. early registration of pregnancy, ante-natal check-up and registration of the birth of the child and completion of first cycle of vaccination for the first living child of the family.

Which of the following statements given above is /are correct?


National Educational Alliance For Technology (NEAT) Scheme

Recently, the Ministry of Human Resource and Development has announced the National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) Scheme to gain better results in higher education.Consider the following statements about NEAT:

  1. The objective is to use Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalised and customised as per the requirements of the learner.
  2. Under this, it has been proposed to create a National Alliance with such technology developing EdTech Companies through a Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
  3. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) would be the implementing agency for the NEAT program.
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