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Current Affairs Questions

Minsk Agreement

Consider the following statements:

  1. Amidst the ongoing conflict between the Russia and Ukraine, France suggested that the only way for peace talks to prevail between Russia and Ukraine was through the Minsk agreement.
  2. Seeking an end to the war, the first Minsk Agreement was signed in Belarus in September 2018.
  3. Its provisions included prisoner exchanges, deliveries of humanitarian aid and the withdrawal of heavy weapons.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Society For Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT), founded in 1973, is a global member-owned cooperative that is headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.
  2. It enables financial entities to send and receive information about financial transactions in a secure, standardized and reliable environment.
  3. In order to use its messaging services, customers do not need to connect to the SWIFT environment.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


World Food Programme (WFP)

Consider the following statements:

  1. The World Food Programme was founded in 1990 by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) with its headquarters in Rome, Italy.
  2. On 26th February, 2022, the first shipment of 2,500 metric tonnes of wheat sent by India for Afghan people through the land border route as part of a humanitarian aid reached Jalalabad town of Afghanistan.
  3. This was done as per India’s recent agreement with the United Nations’ World Food Programme (WFP).

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, India and Australia announced that they are set to conclude an interim trade agreement in March 2022 and a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) 12-18 months thereafter.
  2. The agreement will cover “most areas of interest for both countries” including goods, services, rules of origin, sanitary and phytosanitary measures and customs procedures.
  3. Dairy, beef and wheat were sensitive sectors for India. Australia would likely seek market access for products in these categories.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Integrated Deterrence

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the United States announced its long-awaited Indo-Pacific strategy. The document highlights the need to build collective capacity to deal with challenges in the region.
  2. The US seeks to build resilience in the regional rules-based order.
  3. “Integrated deterrence” will form the “cornerstone” of the US’ security plan for the region.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


National Park

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Kaziranga National Park is home to the second largest-population of the one-horned rhinoceros in the world.
  2. According to a recent study, Kaziranga National Park in Assam is releasing more carbon than it is absorbing.
  3. The unique soil of the deciduous forest in the National Park is home to a large population of bacteria that release carbon dioxide as they breathe, which adds to the carbon dioxide being emanated by other organisms, including trees.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are carbon-containing chemicals released by petrol and diesel vehicles.
  2. They impact air quality and human health.
  3. VOCs can have a natural origin also. Plants emit these chemicals to attract pollinators, defend themselves from pests and predators and adapt to environmental stress.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Study

Consider the following statements:

  1. According to a recently published study, the difference between a scenario where the Earth will be warmed by upto 1.8 degrees Celsius by the end of the 21st century and a scenario where the Earth will be warmed by upto 3.6 degrees Celsius depends on the social system.
  2. The study says that there is a “strong probability” of warming between 1 and 2 degrees Celsius at the end of the century.
  3. As regards global warming, one of the most prominent temperature-control goals is the figure of 1.5 degrees Celsius, which is the target set out by the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement that was signed by 195 countries in 2015.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Aryabhatta Research Institute Of Observational Sciences (ARIES)

Consider the following statements:

  1. A recent study conducted by Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital, has shown that water vapour exhibits a positive radiative effect at the top of the atmosphere, suggesting an increase in overall warming in the high altitude Himalayas due to it.
  2. Aerosol-cloud-precipitation interactions over this region, which are one of the most climate-sensitive regions, are poorly understood, apparently, due to a lack of proper observational data.
  3. Precipitable Water Vapour (PWV) is one of the most rapidly varying components in the atmosphere and is mainly accumulated in the upper troposphere.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


Multi-Stage Memetic Binary Tree Anomaly Identifier (MSMBTAI)

Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, Indian Astronomers, utilising an Artificial Intelligence-based algorithm, have devised a new approach for identifying potentially habitable planets.
  2. The AI-based method, named Multi-Stage Memetic Binary Tree Anomaly Identifier (MSMBTAI), is based on a novel multi-stage memetic algorithm (MSMA).
  3. The method is based on the postulate that Earth - being the only habitable planet among thousands of planets - is an anomaly, with the possibility of existence of few other anomalies among thousands of data points.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are true?


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