National Authority For Recycling Of Ships
- On 15th October, 2020, the Central Government notified the Directorate General (DG) of Shipping as National Authority for Recycling of Ships under the section 3 of the Recycling of Ships Act, 2019.
About National Authority for Recycling of Ships(NARS)
- NARS will be set up in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
- The location of the office will benefit the Ship Recycling yard owners situated in Alang, Gujarat which is home to Asia’s largest ship breaking and ship recycling industry in the world.
- As an apex body, DG Shipping is authorized to administer, supervise and monitor all activities relating to Ship Recycling.
- It will look after the sustainable development of the Ship Recycling industry, monitoring the compliance to environment-friendly norms and safety and health measures for the stakeholders working in the ship recycling industry.
- It will be the final authority for the various approvals required by the Ship-Recycling yard owners and State Governments.
The Recycling of Ships Act, 2019
Hong Kong Convention for Ship Recycling
Status of Recycling of Ships Industry in India
- India is home to one of the largest ship breaking facilities in the world with over 150 yards along its coast.
- On an average, close to 6.2 Million GT is scrapped in India every year, which accounts for 33% of the total scrapped tonnage in the world.
Issues with Ship Recycling Industry in India
- Inadequate safety controls, badly monitored work operations and high risk of explosions create very dangerous work situations.
- Lack of coordination for work procedures, basic risk-reducing or eliminating measures are often ignored and ultimately accidents occur.
Health Related Issues
- Exposure to other heavy metals found in many parts of ships such as in paints, coatings, anodes and electrical equipment can result serious health issues such as cancers.
- Workers have very limited access to health services and inadequate housing, welfare and sanitary facilities which further exacerbate the plight of the workers.
Waste Management Issues
- Management of solid wastes generated in ship breaking is a major concern in India.
- Although these wastes constitute only around 1% of dead weight of a ship, the total amount in millions of tonne, make these wastes difficult to handle, posing a major risk both to health and environment.
- Water body, primarily the marine environment gets polluted in terms of suspended solids, nitrates, phosphate, heavy metals, oil and grease from bilge water.
- Various air pollutants like furans and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), fine particulates are released during the breaking process of ship.
- It further contributes to air pollution from various ship breaking processes.
- Given the current high human and environmental costs, it seems likely that ship owners and breakers, state mechanisms and international legislation will each need to continue to evolve and increase their cooperation to fill the gaps.
- Ship owners from their side need to incorporate a sustainable social and ecological responsibility as well when it comes to the recycling of their vessels.
- A well balanced global list of compliant facilities can only remain when the facilities on it receive a good and constant flow of end-of-life vessels.
- With the back drop of sustainability issues, this industry has the potential to be the prime economic activity in India.