News Crux Obituary
Noted Scientist Srikumar Banerjee Passed Away
- Srikumar Banerjee, former chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission has passed away on 23 May 2021.
- He retired as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and secretary of the Department of Atomic Energy in 2012.
- Banerjee also served as the director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) for six years till 2010.
- Alumni of IIT Kharagpur, Dr Banerjee had received the Padma Shri in 2005 and the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in 1989 for his exceptional service in the field of science.
News Crux States In News
Uttarakhand Govt. Launches Chief Minister Vatsalya Yojana
- Uttarakhand Govt. has announced ‘Chief Minister Vatsalya Yojana’ for orphaned children who have lost their parents due to Covid-19.
- Under the scheme, the State Government will make arrangements for their maintenance, education and training for employment up to the age of 21 years.
- They will be given a maintenance allowance of 3000 rupees per month.
- The state government will make laws for the paternal property of these orphans in which no one will have the right to sell their paternal property until they are adults. This responsibility will be with the District Magistrate of the concerned district.
- The children whose parents have died due to Covid-19 will be given 5 percent horizontal reservation in government jobs of the state government.
News Crux International
Lithuania Quits 17 Plus 1
- Pushing back against China, Lithuania, a tiny European nation has announced that it is quitting the China-led “17+1” grouping which also comprises several central and southern European nations, calling it “divisive”.
- The Baltic country urged fellow EU members to pursue “a much more effective 27+1 approach and communication with China.”
- In recent months, Lithuania also took several steps that angered Beijing, including the blocking of Chinese investment and announcing it would open a trade office in Taiwan.
News Crux Science & Technology
Bengaluru Witnesses Sun Halo
- The people in Bengaluru witnessed a bright rainbow ring around the sun for a few minutes on 24th May 2021 morning, a rare optical and atmospheric phenomenon called ‘22 degree circular halo’.
- The phenomenon popularly known as the 22 degree circular halo of the sun or occasionally the Moon (also called a moon ring or winter halo), occurs when the sun’s or moon’s rays get deflected/refracted through the hexagonal ice crystals present in cirrus clouds.
News Crux Science & Technology
Zebrafish Can Help Humans In Safe Space Travel
- A new study led by researchers from Queen's University Belfast has shown that understanding an important biological process in zebrafish can help humans travel safely in space.
- Zebrafish's process of hibernation may provide potential insights into helping humans be protected from the elements of space, especially radiations, during space flight.
- When zebrafish are exposed to radiation, they are protected from it due to a hibernating process known as induced torpor.
- If humans could replicate a similar model of hibernation observed in the zebrafish, it could increase chances of making humans a spacefaring species.
- Hibernation is a commonly observed physiological process in nature. It is a state where an organism enters metabolic depression (reduced metabolism) and engages in very minimal or no physical activity. The mechanism enables several organisms to survive adverse conditions such as low environmental temperatures and scarcity of food.
- Torpor, a form of hibernation, is a brief spell of suspended animation. It usually lasts less than a day. When in torpor, an animal's metabolism, heartbeat, breathing, and body temperature are greatly reduced.
- Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a freshwater fish that is native to South Asia. They are classified as a species of least concern on the IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species.
News Crux Social Justice
S.H.E. Project For Empowering Indian Women
- Tata Communications, a global digital ecosystem enabler, announced the launch of the ‘School of Hope and Empowerment’ (S.H.E.) at the 2021 UNESCO World Conference on Education for Sustainable Development.
- S.H.E., a multi-media, multi-stakeholder impact communications initiative to support and educate women from small towns in India to overcome key barriers to entrepreneurship.
- By leveraging the power of digital connectivity and partnerships, Tata Communications will create enabling environments of, for and by women from marginalised communities to establish themselves as entrepreneurs and leaders in their communities.
- S.H.E. includes a series of short films highlighting challenges faced by women in becoming entrepreneurs, such as gender stereotypes, family commitments, financial and societal constraints, and lack of self-belief.
- The aim of this CSR project is to inspire at least a million women to realise their dreams of becoming entrepreneurs.
- In the first phase, S.H.E. is focused on aspiring women entrepreneurs aged 18-35 years from low-income backgrounds in the peri-urban areas of Dhanbad, Bokaro, East Singhbhum, Hazaribagh and Ranchi in Jharkhand. With just 25% of women in the labour force and limited employment opportunities in the region, this project will address the challenges of financial independence of these women.
- The next two phases of the project are aimed at including the entrepreneurial women in Odisha and Bihar.
News Crux Awards
Templeton Prize 2021
- Naturalist Jane Goodall has been conferred the Templeton Prize 2021 in recognition of her life's work on animal intelligence and humanity.
- Dame Jane Morris Goodall is an English primatologist and anthropologist. She is considered to be the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees. Goodall is best known for her 60-year study of social and family interactions of wild chimpanzees since she first went to Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania in 1960, where she witnessed human-like behaviours amongst chimpanzees, including armed conflict.
- The award is given by John Templeton Foundation, USA for outstanding contributions in affirming life’s spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works.
News Crux Banking & Economy
RBI Appoints Rajesh Bansal As CEO Of RBIH
- The Reserve Bank of India has appointed Rajesh Bansal, an expert in electronic cash transfers and digital financial services, as the Chief Executive Officer of the Reserve Bank Innovation Hub with effect from May 17.
- Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH) has been set up to test potential new capabilities, opportunities in technology and leverage on the same to create viable products or services and enable their adoption for wider reach and greater impact across the country.
- The Hub would develop internal infrastructure to promote fintech research and facilitate engagement with innovators and start-ups.
- RBIH is managed by an independent board consisting of industry and academic stalwarts as its members.