News Crux Science & Technology

NASA Partners ISRO To Develop ‘Earth System Observatory’

  • The US Space agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is developing a new system called the Earth System Observatory that will guide efforts related to climate change, disaster mitigation, fighting forest fires, and improving real-time agricultural processes – including helping to better understand Category 4 to 5 hurricanes. This mission will measure some of the planet’s most complex processes such as ice-sheet collapse and natural hazards such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and landslides.
  • NASA has partnered with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), which brings together two different kinds of radar systems that can measure changes in Earth’s surface less than a half-inch. This capability will be utilized in one of the observatory’s first missions intended as a pathfinder, called NISAR (NASA-ISRO synthetic aperture radar).

News Crux Science & Technology

India’s 1st Reactor On PPP Model

  • The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) will construct the country’s first research reactor on public-private partnership (PPP) model.
  • The research reactor, which will be designed by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), will produce radioisotopes, and is expected to bring down the costs of nuclear medicine that is used in cancer treatment in India.
  • DAE will provide the upfront capital and build the plant through its subsidiary – Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd.
  • In India, all major radioisotopes are produced by BARC, which houses research reactors in its Trombay campus and an accelerator in Kolkata. Some radioisotopes are imported from Europe, Australia and other Asian countries.
  • Radioisotopes are radioactive isotopes that have an unstable atomic nucleus. They emit energy and particles when they change to a more stable form.

News Crux Science & Technology

WHO And Switzerland Launch Global BioHub

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Swiss Confederation have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to launch the first WHO BioHub Facility in Spiez, Switzerland as part of the WHO BioHub System.
  • This facility will enhance the rapid sharing of viruses and other pathogens between laboratories and partners globally.
  • The facility will serve as a centre for the safe receipt, sequencing, storage and preparation of biological materials for distribution to other laboratories, in order to inform risk assessments, and sustain global preparedness against these pathogens.

News Crux Awards

Prof CNR Rao To Receive Eni Award 2020

  • Bharat Ratna Professor C.N.R. Rao has been selected for the International Eni Award 2020 towards his research into renewable energy sources and energy storage. It is also called the Energy Frontier award. This is considered to be the Nobel Prize in Energy Research.
  • The Energy Frontiers award has been conferred for his work on metal oxides, carbon nanotubes, and other materials and two-dimensional systems. Professor Rao has been working on hydrogen energy as the only source of energy for the benefit of all mankind.
  • The Eni Award is given by the Italian oil and gas company Eni with the aim of encouraging better use of energy sources and increased environmental research.
  • The Eni Awards 2020 will be presented on 14 October 2021, during an official ceremony held at the Quirinal Palace in Rome.

News Crux International

French Prez Macron Recognises French Responsibility In Rwanda Genocide

  • French President Emmanuel Macron, in a visit to Rwanda, recognised France’s responsibility in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. His comments came during a solemn speech at the Kigali Genocide Memorial, where 2,50,000 victims of the mass killings are buried.
  • Macron said that only Rwandans could forgive France for its role in Rwanda's 1994 genocide, and France did not listen to those who warned it about the impending massacre in Rwanda and stood de facto by a genocidal regime. However, he added that France was not an accomplice to the genocide.
  • The Rwandan genocide occurred between 7 April and 15 July 1994 during the Rwandan Civil War. During this period of around 100 days, members of the Tutsi minority ethnic group, as well as some moderate Hutu and Twa, were slaughtered by armed militias.
  • The role of France in the Rwandan genocide of 1994 has been a source of controversy and debate both within and beyond France and Rwanda. France actively supported the Hutu-led government against the Tutsi-dominated Rwandan Patriotic Front.