Current News National

Export Preparedness Index 2020


  • The first Export Preparedness Index (EPI) 2020 has been brought out by the NitiAayog in partnership with Institute of Competitiveness.
  • Gujarat has topped the NitiAayog’s overall Export Preparedness Index 2020 followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu in the second and third place respectively.
  • Six coastal states -- Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Karnataka and Kerala -- feature in the top ten rankings.

Aim

  • The EPI intends to identify challenges and opportunities and encourage a facilitative regulatory framework.

Parameters

  • Four Key Parameters: The index ranked states on four key parameters – policy; business ecosystem; export ecosystem; export performance.
  • 11 sub-pillars: The index also took into consideration 11 sub-pillars -- export promotion policy; institutional framework; business environment; infrastructure; transport connectivity; access to finance; export infrastructure; trade support; R&D infrastructure; export diversification; and growth orientation.

Ranking of State/UTs on Four Key Parameters

  • Policy: Maharashtra topped the index followed by Gujarat and Jharkhand.
  • Business Ecosystem: Gujarat was ranked number one followed by Delhi and Tamil Nadu.
  • Export Ecosystem: Maharashtra topped the Index followed by Odisha and Rajasthan.
  • Export Performance: Mizoram led the index, followed by Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Ranking by Category

  • Coastal States:Gujarat tops the chart followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. 
  • Landlocked States: Rajasthan has performed the best, followed by Telangana and Haryana.
  • Himalayan States:Uttarakhand topped the chart, followed by Tripura and Himachal Pradesh.
  • Union Territories: Delhi has performed the best, followed by Goa and Chandigarh.

Other Observations

  • India’s export has been dominated by five states: The report observed that at present, 70 per cent of India’s export has been dominated by five states – Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
  • Landlocked Chattisgarh and Jharkhand to be Role Models:Though Chattisgarh and Jharkhand are two landlocked states,they had initiated several measures to promote exports and other states facing similar socio-economic challenges can follow them.

Current News National

Draft Health Data Management Policy: Towards Ensuring Data Privacy


  • The National Health Authority (NHA) has released the Draft Health Data Management Policy in the public domain.
  • The policy is part of the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) announced on the occasion of the 74th Independence Day of India, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The vision of NDHM is to create a national digital health ecosystem which enables timely and efficient access to inclusive, affordable, and safe healthcare to all citizens. NDHM aims to significantly improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and transparency of health services in India.

Objective of this Draft Policy

  • The main objective of this draft policy is to provide adequate guidance and to set out a framework for handling sensitive personal data of individuals participating in the mission in accordance with all applicable laws and international standards.

What are the Major Provisions?

  • Data Privacy:
  • The policy stipulates that any agency or personnel that have access to personal medical data of people enrolling in the NDHM will have to formulate and implement a personal data breach management mechanism and this will be publicly displayed.
  • Any instance of unauthorised or accidental disclosure or sharing of personal data that compromises its confidentiality and integrity should have to be reported promptly to the NHA and other relevant authorities.
  • The persons responsible for such a breach will be liable to punished according to the provisions of the applicable law.
  • Health ID:As per the draft policy, anybody enrolled for the health mission will get a Health ID free of cost and they will have complete control over their individual personal data.
  • Provision of Taking Back Consent: People are free to take back the consent already given in order to restrict any sharing of personal data linked to the ID.
  • Frameworks of Consent: It also defines the set of frameworks of consent for the collection and processing of health data by healthcare practitioners and other entities.
  • Data Interoperability and Data Sharing: It also puts forward relevant standards to meet data interoperability and data sharing.

Current News Indian Economy Banking & Finance

GIS-enabled National Land Bank Portal


  • The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has launched a first-of-its kind GIS-enabled national land bank portal on 27th August.It is a prototype only and will be developed further with inputs from states.
  • It will help investors zero in on land located in various states for potential projects.
  • Investors will also get access to details of logistics, land, rail & air connectivity, tax incentives, drainage system, power supply and raw material availability from the portal on various industrial belts.
  • To start with, extensive information about industrial belts in six states is available on the portal.

News Crux Awards In News

Youngest Author To Win International Booker Prize


  • At the age of 29, Dutch Author Marieke Lucas Rijneveld became the youngest to win the 2020 International Booker Prize for her literary fiction book ‘The Discomfort of Evening’.
  • The Book was first published in Dutch in 2018 and eventually translated into English by Michele Hutchison. 
  • The International Booker prize is separate from the main Booker Prize.
  • The International Booker Prize is awarded annually for a single book, translated into English and published in the UK or Ireland. The vital work of translators is celebrated, with the prize money divided equally between the author and translator.

News Crux Obituary

Arnold Spielberg Who Revolutionised Computing Passed Away


  • Arnold Spielberg, father of filmmaker Steven Spielberg and an innovating engineer whose work helped make the personal computer possible, has died at 103.
  • Spielberg and Charles Propster designed the GE-225 mainframe computer in the late 1950s while working for General Electric. The machine allowed computer scientists at Dartmouth College to develop the programming language BASIC, which would be essential to the rise of personal computers in the 1970s and ’80s.
  • Spielberghelped to develop the 1st point-of-sale computerised cash register, it is regarded as his greatest contribution.
  • He designed and patented the 1st electronic library system,which was implemented as an interrogation system for data stored on an array of magnetic tapes.

Current News

Seven New Circles Of ASI


  • The Union Culture Ministry has announced seven new circles of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
  • Currently there were 29 ASI circles across the country.
  • With the creation of 7 new circles, the total ASI circles have now become 36.
  • The new circles have been created in Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh), Trichy (Tamil Nadu), Jhansi and Meerut (Uttar Pradesh), Hampi (Karnataka), Raiganj (West Bengal) and Rajkot (Gujarat).

News Crux Persons In News

Japanese PM Shinzo Abe Resigns


  • Japanese PM Shinzo Abe has announced his resignation owing to health reasons.
  • The 65-year-old has suffered for many years from ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Last year, he became Japan's longest serving prime minister.
  • He will remain in his post until a successor is chosen.

Current News Science & Technology

AstroSat Detects UV Light From Galaxy AudFs01: A Step Towards Solving Mystery Of How Dark Age In The Universe Ended


  • A global team led by scientists of the Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) has discovered one of the earliest galaxies in extreme ultraviolet light.
  • AstroSat, India’s first multi-wavelength satellite that has five unique X-ray and ultraviolet telescopes working in tandem, has detected extreme UV light from a galaxy called AUDFs01, 9.3 billion light-years away from Earth.
  • This is a very important clue to how the dark ages of the Universe ended and there was light in the Universe.
  • AstroSat/Ultra Violet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) was able to achieve this unique feat because the background noise in the UVIT detector is much less than the ones on NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope (HST). 

Significance of this Discovery

  • The research is significant in terms of enhancing our understanding of the universe’s early galaxies that are found only at extreme UV wavelengths.
  • Studying the formation of the early stars and galaxies helps to understand the conditions which led to initial rays of light or radiation after a long period of Cosmic Dark Age in the early universe post the Bing Bang.

PIB News National

“Chunauti”- Next Generation Start-up Challenge Contest


  • On 28th August 2020, the Ministry of Electronics & IT has launched “Chunauti”- Next Generation Start-up Challenge Contest.

Aim

  • The programme aims to identify around 300 startups working in identified areas to further boost startups and software products with special focus on Tier-II towns of India.

Focus Areas

Under this challenge the Ministry of Electronics and IT will invite startups in the following areas of work:

  • Edu-Tech, Agri-Tech & Fin-Tech Solutions for masses
  • Supply Chain, Logistics & Transportation Management
  • Infrastructure & Remote monitoring
  • Medical Healthcare, Diagnostic, Preventive & Psychological Care
  • Jobs & Skilling, Linguistic tools & technologies

Funding

  • The government has earmarked a budget of Rs. 95.03 Crore over a period of three years for this programme. It aims to provide them seed fund of uptoRs. 25 Lakh and other facilities. 

Support from Govt.

  • The startups selected through Chunauti will be provided various support from the Government through Software Technology Parks of India centers across India.
  • They will get incubation facilities, mentorship, security testing facilities, access to venture capitalist funding, industry connect as well as advisories in legal, Human Resource (HR), IPR and Patent matters.
  • Besides seed fund of uptoRs. 25 Lakh, the startups will also be provided cloud credits from leading cloud service providers.
  • Start-ups who are in the ideation stage may be selected under the pre-incubation programme & mentored for up-to six months to evolve their business plan & solution around the proposed idea.
  • Each intern (start-up under pre-incubation) will be paid Rs. 10,000/- per month upto a period of 6 months.