News Crux Important Days/Weeks

29 September: World Heart Day

  • World Heart Day is observed on 29 September to increase public awareness of cardiovascular diseases, their prevention and their global impact.
  • The theme of World Heart Day 2021 is “Use Heart to Connect”.
  • CVD, including heart disease and stroke, is the world's leading cause of death claiming 18.6 million lives each year.
  • According to the Global Burden of Disease, nearly a quarter (24.8 per cent) of all deaths in India is due to CVDs.
  • In 2013, the WHO developed targets to control and prevent non-communicable diseases – of which CVDs make a large part of – including a relative reduction of 25 per cent in overall mortality from CVDs by 2025. India’s National Health Policy 2017 too, aims to reduce premature mortality from CVDs, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases by 25 per cent by 2025.
  • The sustainable development goals set by the United Nations in 2015 call for a one-third reduction in premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by 2030 under one of its targets. These include cardiovascular diseases (CVD), chronic respiratory illnesses, cancer and diabetes.

News Crux Important Days/Weeks

29 September: International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste

  • International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste is observed to promote and implement global efforts to resolve the issue of food wastage.
  • The theme for 2021 is “Stop Food Loss and waste, for the people, for the panet”.
  • The main objective of this day is to take steps towards responsible consumption and production as well as zero hunger, along with working towards addressing the problem of climate change through sustainable food habits.

Why is it important to reduce food loss and waste?

  • Loss of Resources: Food loss and waste undermine the sustainability of our food systems. When food is lost or wasted, all the resources that were used to produce this food - including water, land, energy, labour and capital - go to waste.
  • Climate Change: In addition, the disposal of food loss and waste in landfills, leads to greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to climate change.
  • Food Security: Food loss and waste can also negatively impact food security and food availability, and contribute to increasing the cost of food.

Needed Approach

  • Our food systems cannot be resilient if they are not sustainable, hence the need to focus on the adoption of integrated approaches designed to reduce food loss and waste. Actions are required globally and locally to maximise the use of the food we produce.
  • The introduction of technologies, innovative solutions (including e-commerce platforms for marketing, retractable mobile food processing systems), new ways of working and good practices to manage food quality and reduce food loss and waste are key to implementing this transformative change.
  • With nine years left to reach target 1, 2, and 3 of Sustainable Development Goal 12 (SDG), there is an urgent need to accelerate action to reduce food loss and waste.

Facts to Ponder

  • Globally, around 14 percent of food produced is lost between harvest and retail. Significant quantities are also wasted in retail and at the consumption level.
  • An estimated 17 percent of total global food production is wasted (11 percent in households, 5 percent in the food service and 2 percent in retail).
  • Food that is lost and wasted accounts for 38 percent of total energy usage in the global food system.

Current News International International Organizations

India Bags IAEA External Auditor Job

  • India has been elected as the external auditor to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a prestigious institution that promotes peaceful use of nuclear energy, for a period of six years from 2022 to 2027 after beating Germany and the United Kingdom among other counties.
  • India's Comptroller and Auditor General GC Murmu was selected as the external auditor of IAEA.
  • India was the IAEA external auditor from 2012 to 2015.
  • Recently, the 65th annual regular session of the IAEA General Conference was held from September 20 to 24 in Vienna.

Current News National Study/Survey/Report/Index

Swachh Survekshan 2022

On 27th September 2021, the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched the seventh consecutive edition of Swachh Survekshan (SS), the world’s largest urban cleanliness survey conducted by Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U).

Source: PIB


  • ‘People First’: Designed with ‘People First’ as its driving philosophy, Swachh Survekshan 2022 is curated towards capturing the initiatives of cities for the overall welfare and well-being of frontline sanitation workers.
  • Priority to Voices of Senior Citizens and Young Adults: The survey will also give priority to the voices of senior citizens and young adults alike and reinforce their participation towards upholding the cleanliness of urban India.
  • Specific Indicators: SS 2022 has incorporated specific indicators that drive cities to improve working conditions and livelihood opportunities for frontline soldiers in urban India’s sanitation journey.
  • Citizen Ownership of Heritage Spots for Cleanliness: The survey is set to protect India’s ancient legacy and culture by nudging citizens to take ownership and initiative to clean urban India’s monuments and heritage spots.

Major Changes Introduced

  • Two Population Categories: This year’s Survekshan is committed to creating a level playing field for smaller cities by introducing two population categories under 15K and between 15-25K.
  • District Ranking: To further expand the Survekshan footprint, district rankings have been introduced for the first time.
  • 100 % Wards Sampling: The scope of the survey has been expanded to now cover 100% wards for sampling, as compared to 40% in previous years.
  • Number of Assessors Doubled: In order to seamlessly carry out this ambitious exercise, SS 2022 will see more than twice the number of assessors deployed last year for the on-field assessment.
  • Improved Technological Intervention: In keeping with vision of a Digital India, the upcoming edition of Survekshan shall usher in improved technological interventions such as digital tracking of documents, geo-tagging of sanitation and waste management of facilities for better efficiency, and QR code-based citizens’ feedback for increased people outreach.

Through these multi-faceted initiatives, the SS 2022 framework will propel the Mission towards a circular economy approach through optimum resource recovery.