PIB News National India

Digitally-Enabled Water Supply Infrastructure Under Jal Jeevan Mission

  • The Ministry of Jal Shakti has decided to create a smart rural water supply eco-system to measure and monitor the service delivery of the water supply in rural areas under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

Aim: Measurement and Monitoring

  • To facilitate states and Gram Panchayats or its sub-committee, Paani Samiti, an automated system for measurement and monitoring of water service delivery is necessary. This necessitates the use of modern technology for measurement and monitoring of the water service delivery and to capture and transmit service delivery data automatically for ensuring the quality of service.

Initiatives towards this Goal

  • National Jal Jeevan Mission has constituted a Technical Expert Committee to prepare a road map for measurement and monitoring of water service delivery system in rural areas.
  • The National Jal Jeevan Mission and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology planning to conduct an ICT Grand Challenge to bring an innovative, modular, and cost-effective solution to develop a 'Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System' to be deployed at the village level.
  • The mission, in partnership with State Governments and sector partners, has started facilitating a sensor-based water supply system on a pilot basis in various villages. Gujarat has begun navigating the sensor-based rural water supply systems in 1,000 villages spread across five districts. The other States have also started pilot projects.

Brief on Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Jal Jeevan Mission being implemented in partnership with states aims at providing functional household tap connection to every rural household of the country by the year 2024.
    The programme focuses on service delivery at the household level, the supply of 55 litres per capita per day (lpcd) of water of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis. The mission focuses on 'service delivery', rather only on infrastructure creation.

Constitutional Provisions

  • In accordance with the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution, Gram Panchayats at the village level is to manage drinking water supply. Thus, Gram Panchayat or its sub-committee, Village Water and Sanitation Committee/ Paani Samiti are required to function as a 'local public utility' for drinking water management, water service delivery, greywater treatment, and reuse, and take care of operation and maintenance of in-village water supply infrastructure for assured drinking water supply on regular basis, collect user charges for delivery of water supply services.


  • Digitally-enabled water supply infrastructure will help in near real-time monitoring and evidence-based policymaking.
  • Digitisation of water supply infrastructure has the potential to help the Gram Panchayats as 'local public utility'.

Current News National

Star Rating Of AB-PMJAY Empanelled Hospitals

  • For the first time in India, hospitals empanelled with the Ayushman Bharat scheme will get star ratings based on their healthcare quality and services.
  • The National Health Authority (NHA) has issued guidelines on the star rating of Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri- Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) empanelled hospitals.

Parameters for Rating

  • The rating of the empanelled hospitals has been proposed on six healthcare quality domains: effective, timeliness, safety, patient-centred, efficiency and equitability.

Why Star Rating?

  • It is to provide guidance to beneficiaries in approaching empanelled hospitals.

Ranking and Score

  • For a 5-star ranking, hospitals have to score 90 per cent or more; for a 4-star raking, hospitals have to achieve 75 per cent to 90 per cent; to get a 3-star rating, hospitals have to get 50 per cent to 75 per cent, for a 2-star raking 25 to 50 per cent is the target score for a hospital. Those with a score of less than 25 per cent will get a 1-star rating.
  • These star ratings will be reviewed on a monthly basis.


  • The AB-PMJAY is the world's biggest healthcare scheme provides a cover of Rs 5 Lakh per family per year to around 50 crore poor and vulnerable individuals.

Current News

In Focus: Andhra's Etikoppaka Toys Craft

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his monthly 'Mann Ki Baat' broadcast on 30th August 2020, mentioned Etikoppaka toys, bringing into focus Andhra Pradesh's famous craft.
  • The wooden lacquer craft toys or 'Etikoppaka Bommalu' has a long history said to be dating back to Bahamani times. The craft was originally started in Nakkapalli village but was later moved to Etikoppaka after the area's landlords resettled the artisans there.

About this Craft

  • The artisans mainly use the wood from trees locally known as 'ankudu' (Wrightia Tinctoria) and lacquer, a colourless resinous secretion of a certain species of insects, collected by tribals from surrounding forests. Clarified lac is blended and oxidised with natural dyes and is applied to lathe turned wooden articles.

What is Unique about these Toys

  • Etikoppaka toys are known for their softness, rounded contours, polished colours and the overall craftsmanship.
  • These toys have no sharp edges. They are rounded on all sides and hence present little chances of an injury to children.
  • In 2017, the traditional Etikoppaka toys acquired a Geographical Indications (GI) tag.

Articles Made

  • The artisans make wooden bowls, toy trains, idols of gods and goddesses, wooden cannons, bullock carts, spinning tops and many other toys.

About the Artisans

  • About 300 families from the village Etikoppaka, located near the banks of the Varaha Riverin Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, have been dependent on the profession for over four centuries.


  • Competition from plastic toys and flooding of Chinese products.
  • The dumping of identical cheap Chinese wooden toys.
  • Scarcity of raw materials such as wood due to shrinking forests.