Current Affairs - State In News
- After Nagarodaya Mission, the Govt. of Madhya Pradesh has launched Gramodaya Mission.
- Mission Gramodaya has been started for the overall development of rural areas.
- Under this, every village will have concrete roads, gram panchayat building, Muktidham and sports grounds in every gram panchayat.
- Water will be supplied through taps in every house in every village.
- Self-help groups in Mission Gramodaya will be empowered financially. They will be given loans at 2 percent interest.
Andhra Pradesh has become the second State after Madhya Pradesh to undertake the power sector reforms stipulated by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance.
As part of the reforms, the State has started Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) of electricity subsidy to farmers with effect from September, 2020. Thus, the State has successfully implemented one out of the three stipulated reforms in the power sector.
As per the guidelines issued by the Department of Expenditure, the States undertaking reforms in power sector are granted permission to raise additional financial resources of up to 0.25 percent of the GSDP. This is linked to a set of 3 reforms in the sector:
- 0.05 % of GSDP for reduction in Aggregate Technical & Commercial losses in the State as per prescribed targets.
- Another, 0.05 % of GSDP is allowed for reduction in the gap between Average Cost of Supply and Average Revenue Realisation (ACS-ARR gap) in the State as per prescribed targets.
- Finally, 0.15 % of GSDP of the State on introduction of Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) to all farmers in the State in lieu of free/ subsidised electricity. For this, the State government has to frame a scheme for transfer of cash and implement the scheme in at least one district by 31st December, 2020.
- A new scheme called ‘Ek Paudha Suposhit Beti Ke Naam’ or ‘a plant on the name of well-nourished daughter' has been started in Sirohi district, Rajasthan to make people aware about importance of nourishment of pregnant women and children.
- Under this Scheme, on the birth of a girl child, a drumstick plant is being distributed by district administration.
- This nutritional plant will be taken care of by family members of girl child.
- Under this scheme nutrition gardens will be developed at the block and panchayat level.
- Community-level programs will also be organized soon under this scheme.
Gujarat Government has announced its new Solar Power Policy - 2021.
- Any person, developer or industry can set up a solar project in its premises or land without any limit.
- A limit of only 50 per cent of sanctioned load/contract demand for industry to set up the solar project has been removed in the new policy.
- This policy will bring down power cost to industry from Rs. 8 per unit to around Rs. 4.50.
- It will reduce the production cost, which will help the state manufacturers to be globally competitive.
- The power consumers will be able to set up solar projects on their rooftop or vacant place. They can also offer their space to third party for power generation and utilization.
- Security deposit given to power companies has been cut from Rs. 25 lakh per MW to Rs. 5 lakh per MW.
- The Madhya Pradesh government has issued an order for the appointment of committees called ‘Matru Sahyogini Samiti’ or Mothers’ Cooperation Committees, led by mothers to ensure better monitoring of services delivered at anganwadi or day care centres across the State.
- These Committees will comprise 10 mothers at each anganwadi representing the concerns of different sets of beneficiaries under the Integrated Child Development Services, or National Nutrition Mission — children between six months to three years, children between three years and six years, adolescent girls and pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- These mothers will keep a watch on weekly ration distribution to beneficiaries as well as suggest nutritious and tasteful recipes for meals served to children at the centres, in a move that is aimed at strengthening community response to the problem of hunger and malnutrition in the State.
- The committees will include mothers of beneficiary children as well as be represented by pregnant women and lactating mothers who are enrolled under the scheme.
- The Committees will also include a woman panch, women active in the community and eager to volunteer their support to the scheme, teachers from the local school, and women heads of self-help groups (SHG).
- The Govt. of Tamil Nadu has formed a Commission to go into the modalities on the gathering of quantifiable data for a caste census, based on the present circumstances, and file a report.
- The Commission will be headed by former High Court judge A Kulasekaran.
- Several political parties and social organisations had been demanding at various points of time for a caste-wise census and such a statistics was required to ensure that the government schemes reached all sections of society.
- The caste-wise quantifiable data was also needed to argue the cases pending in the Supreme Court relating to the 69 per cent reservation followed in the State.
- Assam Govt. has launched its flagship scheme ‘Orunodoi’ on 1st December 2020 at NumaliJalah Parade Ground, Aminagon.
Aim: The aim of this scheme is to provide food security and poverty alleviation.
About the Scheme
- There will be a transfer of money (Rs. 830) to the beneficiary every month towards buying medicines, lentils, sugar, and fruits. This is not binding, beneficiaries may use them as per their requirement.
- Preference will be given to the households having widow, unmarried women and especially abled person.
- One of the other salient features of this program is to ensure timely credit of the right subsidy amount transferring the benefit directly into the account of the nominated female head of the household.
Who are not Eligible?
- The households having, four-wheeler, tractor, TV, fridge, etc. will not be eligible under the Scheme.
- The Government of Tripura has launched a 3-year plan to introduce sex-sorted artificial insemination of cattle under the Mukhyamantri Unnoto Godhan Prakalpa(MUGP) scheme.
- It is aimed at making Tripura self-sufficient in milk production by ensuring that more cows are born through selective chromosome selection.
- With this system, it is estimated to achieve 90% cow births, while the current conventional artificial insemination method has a varying mix of cow and bull births.
- Earlier to Tirpura, Kerala, Haryana, Odisha and Maharashtra have adopted the sex sorted artificial insemination of livestock.
The Haryana Assembly on 6th November passed the Haryana Panchayati Raj (Second Amendment) Bill, 2020.
- The Bill provides the right to recall members of Panchayati Raj institutions.
- The Bill allows the recall of village sarpanches and members of the block-level panchayat samitis and district-level zilaparishads if they fail to perform.
- To recall a sarpanch and members of the two bodies, 50% members of a ward or gram sabha have to give in writing that they want to initiate proceedings. This will be followed by a secret ballot, in which their recall will require two-third members voting against them.
- Further, the Bill has provision of 50% reservation to women in these rural bodies.
- The Bill also proposes 8% reservation to the “more disadvantaged” among the Backward Classes.
- Gujarat Government has announced Digital Seva Setu Programme for the rural areas.
- The Digital Seva Setu has been initiated under the Bharat Net Project- an initiative to connect the Village Panchayats through 100 MBPS optical fibre network.
- Under this programme, the citizens will be able to get benefit of about 20 types of pro-people services which will be provided at the village panchayat level by paying a nominal fee of Rs. 20.
- The citizens can get various documents like duplicate ration card, income certificate, senior citizen certificate, caste certificate at their doorstep under this programme.
- The government will also provide powers of affidavit to the TalatiMantri at the Village Panchayat level so that people in rural areas do not have to visit the notary offices in towns and cities.