Current Questions

Physical Geography:

El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Cycle

Consider the following statements:

  1. El Nino and La Nina are opposite phases of what is known as the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle.
  2. La Nina is sometimes referred to as the warm phase of ENSO and El Nino as the cold phase of ENSO.
  3. Typically, El Nino occurs more frequently than La Nina.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Baltic Nations

Baltic Nations is a geopolitical term, typically used to group of three sovereign states in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. Choose the group of three nations from the codes given below:


Mediterranean Sea

Consider the following statements with reference to the Mediterranean Sea:

  1. Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Gibraltar in the west.
  2. It is connected to the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea, by the Straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosporus respectively, in the east.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Mt. Sinabung

In which of the following country, active volcano Mt. Sinabung, is located?


Exclusive Economic Zone

Consider the following statements with reference to the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ):

  1. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) defines an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) as generally extending 200 nautical miles from shore, within which the coastal state has the right to explore and exploit, and the responsibility to conserve and manage, both living and non-living resources.
  2. The EEZ includes the territorial sea but does not include the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles.
  3. The EEZ does not include the contiguous zone.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Golden Triangle And Golden Crescent

Consider the following statements:

  1. Golden Triangle is represented by the region coinciding with the rural mountains of Myanmar, Laos, and Cambodia.
  2. Golden Crescent region comprises Afghanistan, Iran, and China, whose mountainous peripheries define the crescent.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Seabed 2030 Project

Consider the following statements with reference to the Seabed 2030 Project:

  1. Seabed 2030 is a collaborative project between the Nippon Foundation of Japan and the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO).
  2. The project was launched at the United Nations (UN) Ocean Conference in June 2017 and is aligned with the UN's Sustainable Development Goal-14 to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Mount Merapi

In which of the following country active volcano Mount Merapi is being located?


Matterhorn Mountain

Recently, Indian Tricolour of more than 1,000 meters in size was projected on Matterhorn Mountain in to express solidarity to all Indians in the fight against COVID-19.Where is the Matterhorn Mountain located? Choose the correct answer from the options given below:


Kuril Island

Consider the following statements with reference to the Kuril Island:

  1. It is a volcanic archipelago which separates the Sea of Okhotsk from the north Pacific Ocean. It forms part of the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire.
  2. The Islands are currently under Russian administration. However, they are also claimed by China.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


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