Current Affairs Questions

International:

World Trade Organisation

Consider the following statements with reference to the World Trade Organisation(WTO):

  1. The Uruguay Round, conducted from 1987 to 1994, culminated in the Marrakesh Agreement, which established the World Trade Organization (WTO).
  2. The highest authority of the WTO is the Ministerial Conference, which must meet at least every two years.
  3. India has been a member of the WTO since January 1995 and also had been a member of the WTO’s forerunner General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) since July 1948.

Choose the correct statement(s) from the options given below:


Mission Innovation

Consider the following statements with reference to the Mission Innovation:

  1. Mission Innovation (MI) is a global initiative of 24 countries and the European Commission (on behalf of the European Union) working to reinvigorate and accelerate global clean energy innovation with the objective to make clean energy widely affordable.
  2. Mission Innovation has identified 6 Innovation Challenges which are global calls to action aimed at accelerating research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) in technology areas.

Which of the statement(s) is/are correct?



Biofuels

Consider the following pairs with reference to the categories of biofuels:

  1. First Generation Biodiesel: produced from sugar, starch, vegetable oil
  2. Second Generation Biofuels: produced from non-food crops
  3. Third Generation Biofuels: require cultivable/arable land for production
  4. Fourth Generation Biofuels: crops are genetically engineered to take in high amounts of carbon

Which of the pair(s) is/are correct?


UN Human Rights Council

Consider the following statements with reference to the UN Human Rights Council:

  1. The Council was created by the United Nations General Assembly in March 2005.
  2. The Council is made up of 49 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly.
  3. It holds regular sessions three times a year, in March, June, and September.

Choose the correct statements:


OPEC+

Consider the following statement(s) with reference to the OPEC+:

  1. Opec+ refers to the alliance of crude producers, who have been undertaking corrections in supply in the oil markets since 2017.
  2. OPEC plus countries include Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Brunei, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Russia, South Sudan and Sudan.

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:


El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Cycle

Consider the following statements:

  1. El Nino and La Nina are opposite phases of what is known as the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle.
  2. La Nina is sometimes referred to as the warm phase of ENSO and El Nino as the cold phase of ENSO.
  3. Typically, El Nino occurs more frequently than La Nina.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Convention On Biological Diversity

Consider the given statements with reference to the Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD):

  1. The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.
  2. India became a party to the Convention in 1996.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Blue Flag Certification

Consider the following statements with reference to the Blue Flag Certification:

  1. The Blue Flag Programme was started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987 and in areas outside Europe since 2001 when South Africa joined.
  2. Chandrabhaga beach located on the Konark coast of Odisha is the first beach in the country to receive Blue Flag Certification.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


Qatari Labour Laws Reforms

Recently, which of the following West Asian countries announced a host of changes to its labour laws effectively dismantling its long-criticised Kafala employment system?


Sleeping Sickness (African Trypanosomiasis)

Recently, which of the following countries became first in Africa to eliminate sleeping sickness disease?


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