Chronicle English Books  2022 for Mains

Union Govt. brings Ordinances to Extend Tenure of CBI, ED Chiefs


The Government of India has promulgated two Ordinances to extend the tenure of Directors of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Enforcement Directorate (ED) up to 5 years. The chiefs of the central agencies currently have a two-year tenure.

The Delhi Special Police Establishment (Amendment) Ordinance, 2021

  • The ordinance inserts the provision in DSPE Act that “Provided that the period for which the Director holds the office on his initial appointment may, in public interest, on the recommendation of the Committee under sub-section (1) of section 4A and for the reasons to be recorded in writing, be extended up to one year at a time.” “Provided further that no such extension shall be granted after the completion of a period of five years in total including the period mentioned in the initial appointment”.

Appointment of CBI Director: The Director CBI is selected on the basis of the recommendation of a committee consisting of the Prime Minister, the Chief of Justice of India and the Leader of Opposition.

The Central Vigilance Commission (Amendment) Ordinance 2021

  • “Provided that the period for which the Director of Enforcement holds the office on his initial appointment may, in public interest, on the recommendation of the Committee under clause (a) and for the reasons to be recorded in writing, be extended up to one year at a time.
  • “Provided further that no such extension shall be granted after the completion of a period of five years in total including the "period mentioned in the initial appointment”.

Appointment of ED Director: The central government appoints the Director of ED on the recommendation of a committee chaired by the Central Vigilance Commissioner and members comprising of Vigilance Commissioners, Home Secretary, Secretary DOPT and Revenue Secretary.

Difference between Enforcement Directorate & CBI

  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) examines the corruption and high profile cases related white collar crimes or crime which is required by the Central or State to CBI to look into whereas Enforcement Directorate or ED is committed to prevent money laundering offences.
  • The CBI operates under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension whereas the ED is a part of Ministry of Finance.
  • Enforcement directorate cannot register a case on its own, it is required by the agencies such CBI or state police to register an offence based on which the an Enforcement Case Information Report is filed by Enforcement Directorate whereas the CBI can register a complaint on its own or by request of the Courts.