Chronicle English Books  2022 for Mains

Breed-Wise Report of Livestock and Poultry


On 12th May 2022, Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Shri Parshottam Rupala released the Breed-Wise Report of Livestock and Poultry based on 20th Livestock Census.

  • The breed-wise data collection was done along with 20th Livestock Census during the year 2019.
  • It was for the first time in the country that breed-wise data was collected by using tablet computers instead of paper mode which is indeed a unique attempt.
  • The livestock as well as poultry birds were counted according to their breeds as recognized by National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR).

Need for Breed-wise Data

  • It is essential for the policy maker and researcher to ascertain the various breeds of livestock species so that the livestock species can be genetically upgraded for optimum achievement for its product and also for other purposes.

Major highlights of the Report

Coverage

The report has covered 184 recognized indigenous/exotic & crossbred breeds of 19 selected species that are registered by the NBAGR (National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources). There are 41 recognized indigenous whereas 4 exotic/crossbred breeds of cattle covered in this report.

  • Cattles: The Exotic and Crossbred animal contribute nearly 26.5% of the total cattle population whereas 73.5% are Indigenous and Non-descript cattle. Crossbred Jersey has the highest share with 49.3% as compared to 39.3% of Crossbred Holstein Friesian (HF) in total Exotic/Crossbred cattle. Gir, Lakhimi and Sahiwal breeds have major contribution in total Indigenous Cattle.
  • Buffaloes: In Buffalo, the Murrah breed majorly contributes with 42.8% which is commonly found in UP and Rajasthan.
  • Sheep: In Sheep, there are 3 exotics and 26 indigenous breeds were found in the country. Among the pure exotic breeds, Corriedale breed majorly contributes with 17.3% and in the indigenous breeds the Nellore breed contribute the highest in the category with 20.0% share.
  • Goats: There are 28 indigenous breeds found in the country. The Black Bengal breed contributes the highest with 18.6%.
  • Pigs: In exotic/crossbred pigs, crossbred pig contributes 86.6% whereas Yorkshire contributes majorly with 8.4%. In indigenous pigs, Doom breed major contributes with 3.9%.
  • Horse & Ponies: The share of Marwari breed majorly contributes with 9.8%.
  • Donkeys: The share of Spiti breed contributes with 8.3%.
  • Camel: Bikaneri breed majorly contributes with 29.6%.
  • Poultry: desi fowl, Aseel breed majorly contribute in both backyard poultry and commercial poultry farm.