PIB News National

Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0

  • During her Budget speech, the Finance Minister announced that Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 will be launched under the “Health and Wellbeing” vertical.
  • In this mission, focus will be on complete fecal sludge management, waste water treatment, source segregation of garbage, reduction in single use plastic, reduction in air pollution by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities, and bio-remediation of all legacy dumpsites.
  • This will be a continuation of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), with the following components for funding and implementation across all statutory towns:
    • Sustainable sanitation (construction of toilets)
    • Wastewater treatment, including fecal sludge management in all ULBs with less than 1 lakh population (this is a new component added to SBM-U 2.0)
    • Solid Waste Management
    • Information, Education and Communication, and
    • Capacity building.

Expected Outcomes

At the end of the Mission, the following outcomes are expected to be achieved:

  • All statutory towns will become ODF+ certified
  • All statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population will become ODF++ certified,
  • 50% of all statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population will become Water+ certified,
  • All statutory towns will be at least 3-star Garbage Free rated as per MoHUA’s Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free cities,
  • Bio-remediation of all legacy dumpsites.

News Crux Art/Culture/Heritage

Gussadi Dance Of Telangana

  • Gussadi dance exponent Kanaka Raju of Telangana was bestowed with the Padma Shri honour 2021.
  • The Gusadi Dance of Gonds Deepavali is the biggest festival for the Raj Gonds of Adilabad district in Telangana.
  • Gonds dressed in colourful costumes and decorated with ornaments go to neighbouring villages in troupes, singing and dancing. Such troupes are called Dandari dance troupes.
  • Each member puts on a turban of peacock feathers and horns of the deer, artificial beard and moustaches and goatskin to cover the body.
  • This starts on the full moon day and goes on till the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight of Deepavali.

News Crux Ecology & Environment

Green Hydrogen Energy Mission

  • The Union Budget proposed to launch a Hydrogen Energy Mission in 2021-22 for generating hydrogen from green power sources.
  • India stresses on the hydrogen sources from renewable sources.
  • This mission would decarbonise heavy industries, and also holds the key to clean electric mobility that doesn’t depend on rare minerals.
  • Hydrogen can act as an energy storage option, which would be essential to meet intermittencies (of renewable energy) in the future.
  • Green hydrogen energy is vital for India to meet its Nationally Determined Contributions and ensure regional and national energy security, access and availability.

News Crux Ecology & Environment

CWCM: India's First Wetland Conservation Centre

  • On the World Wetland Day 2021 (2 February), India got its first specialised institution - Centre for Wetland Conservation and Management (CWCM) in Chennai.
  • It will work as a knowledge hub for various stakeholders for conserving wetlands that occupy 4.6% of the country's total land area.
  • The CWCM has been set up as a part of the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), Chennai.
  • It will assist the national and state/UT governments in the design and implementation of policy and regulatory frameworks, management planning, monitoring and targeted research for conservation of wetlands.
  • At present, India has 42 sites designated as wetlands of international importance under Ramsar convention, covering a surface area of 1.08 million hectares.
  • The year 2021 also commemorates the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Convention on Wetlands on February 2, 1971 in Ramsar, Iran.

News Crux Ecology & Environment

Arboretum To Conserve Shivalik Species

  • To conserve various species while spreading awareness about them a first of its kind arboretum conserving over 210 species of trees found in the Shivalik Range of Himalayas was inaugurated in Uttarakhand's Nainital district.
  • The range has an altitude ranging between 500m and 2500m above sea level, and owing to high rainfall, varying gradient and abundant sunshine, these mountains have rich floral and faunal biodiversity.
  • Apart from trees, the arboretum also conserves species of cane, moss, lichen and ferns found in the Shivalik range.
  • An Arboretum encourages the planting and conservation of trees and other plants. Like other arboreta, it collects, studies, grows, shares knowledge about, and ultimately protects trees.

News Crux Schemes/Plans/Policies

PM Aatma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana

  • PM Aatma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana, will be launched with an outlay of about Rs 64,180 crore over 6 years.
  • This will develop capacities of primary, secondary, and tertiary care Health Systems, strengthen existing national institutions, and create new institutions, to cater to detection and cure of new and emerging diseases.
  • This will be in addition to the National Health Mission.


  • Setting up integrated public health labs in all districts and 3382 block public health units in 11 states.
  • Establishing critical care hospital blocks in 602 districts and 12 central institutions.
  • Strengthening of the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), its 5 regional branches and 20 metropolitan health surveillance units.
  • Expansion of the Integrated Health Information Portal to all States/UTs to connect all public health labs.
  • Operationalisation of 17 new Public Health Units and strengthening of 33 existing Public Health Units at Points of Entry, that is at 32 Airports, 11 Seaports and 7 land crossings.
  • Setting up of a national institution for One Health, a Regional Research Platform for WHO South East Asia Region, 9 Bio-Safety Level III laboratories and 4 regional National Institutes for Virology.
  • Setting up of 15 Health Emergency Operation Centers and 2 mobile hospitals.

News Crux Economy/Infrastructure

Mega Investment Textiles Parks Scheme

  • The Centre has proposed a Scheme of Mega Investment Textiles Parks (MITRA) to enable textile industry to become globally competitive, attract large investments, boost employment generation, and exports.
  • This will create world-class infrastructure with plug-and-play facilities to create global promoters in exports.
  • MITRA will be launched in addition to the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme.
  • Seven textile parks will be established over a period of three years.
  • Along with the PLI Scheme, MITRA will lead to increased investments and enhanced employment opportunities.
  • During the Union Budget 2021-22, Union Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced of bringing nylon chain on a par with polyester and other man-made fibres.