News Crux Social Inclusion

''Sahi Disha'' Campaign


  • The UNDP has launched ''Sahi Disha'' campaign to celebrate women's livelihoods and entrepreneurship in rural India.
  • The campaign highlights issues and hurdles that impact the opportunities for women in rural India to access jobs and livelihoods and establish enterprises that can help them become more self-reliant.
  • The Disha initiative, a five-year collaboration between UNDP and the IKEA Foundation, enabled one million women through skilling and counselling services to access job and livelihood opportunities across five states -- Delhi NCR, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Telangana.
  • The initiative also provided psycho-social support to mentor and empower women in starting their own enterprises and in challenging gender stereotypes at home and in the community.

Current News National

UN World Happiness Report 2021


  • The World Happiness Report 2021 has been released by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
  • India has been ranked 139 out of 149 countries in the list of UN World Happiness Report 2021. In 2019, India was ranked 140th.

About World Happiness Report

  • The World Happiness Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 149 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be.
  • The World Happiness Report 2021 focuses on the effects of Covid-19 and how people all over the world have fared.
  • The annual report ranks nations based on gross domestic product per person, healthy life expectancy and the opinions of residents. Surveys ask respondents to indicate on a 1-10 scale how much social support they feel they have if something goes wrong, their freedom to make their own life choices, their sense of how corrupt their society is and how generous they are.

Happiest Countries: Finland has been ranked as the happiest country in the world for the fourth consecutive year. The Nordic nation is followed by Iceland, Denmark, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Sweden, Germany and Norway.

Most unhappy Countries: People in war-torn Afghanistan are the most-unhappy with their lives, followed by Zimbabwe (148), Rwanda (147), Botswana (146) and Lesotho (145).

Others: Pakistan is on 105th, Bangladesh on 101st and China on 84th, according to the report. The United States ranks at 19th place for happiness, despite being one of the richest countries in the world.

News Crux Art/Culture/Heritage

Anangpal II: Founder Of Delhi To Get A Proper Place In History


  • A government seminar conducted recently in Delhi highlighted the legacy of the long-forgotten Tomar king — Anangpal II.
  • Anangpal II, popularly known as Anangpal Tomar, belonged to the Tomar dynasty that ruled parts of present-day Delhi and Haryana between the 8th and 12th centuries.
  • Anangpal Tomar II was succeeded by his grandson Prithviraj Chauhan. The Delhi Sultanate was established in 1192 after Prithviraj Chauhan’s defeat in the Battle of Tarain (present-day Haryana) by the Ghurid forces.
  • Anangpal Tomar II was the founder of Dhillikapuri, which eventually became Delhi. He was instrumental in populating Indraprastha and giving it its present name, Delhi. The region was in ruins when he ascended the throne in the 11th century; it was he who built Lal Kot fort and Anang Tal Baoli.
  • At the seminar, it was decided that a committee be formed to build a statue of Anangpal II at the Delhi airport and building a museum dedicated to his legacy in Delhi.
  • Meanwhile, the ASI is also considering beginning excavation along the fortification of Lal Kot, also known as Qila Rai Pithora. The proposal is to make it an ASI-protected monument so that vertical excavation can be carried out to establish more links between Tomars and Delhi.

News Crux Art/Culture/Heritage

Bihar Museum Biennale


  • The first ever Museum Biennale in India and the world will be inaugurated in a hybrid avatar – physical and digital on March 22 on the occasion of Bihar Divas.
  • It will bring together key collections from various museums across India and the world through virtual tours.
  • Scheduled till March 28, it will also host exhibitions from several international museums as well as from 13 Indian museums including the host museum.
  • During the course of the seven days, specially curated virtual tours of the participating national and international museums will be streamed online as well as at the Bihar Museum in Patna.

News Crux Sports

Vijender Singh Suffers 1st Loss Of His Pro Boxing Career


  • Vijender Singh's suffered 1st defeat of his professional boxing career as Russia's Artysh Lopsan ended his 12 bouts undefeated streak on 19th March 2021 via a technical knockout in the "Battle on Ship" in Goa.
  • Since turning professional in 2015, the 2008 Beijing Olympic bronze medallist had not lost a single bout.
  • The bout was contested on the top of a cruise ship called "Majestic Pride Casino Ship", over the Mandovi River.

News Crux Ecology & Environment

World Energy Transitions Outlook


  • The World Energy Transitions Outlook report has been brought out by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
  • The report proposes energy transition solutions for the narrow pathway available to contain the rise of temperature to 1.5°C and halt global warming.
  • The window of opportunity to achieve the 1.5°C Paris Agreement goal is closing fast. The recent trends show that the gap between where we are and where we should be is not decreasing but widening. We are heading in the wrong direction.
  • The IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C released in 2018 clearly indicates that a 45% reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions from 2010 levels is required by 2030. However, emissions have continued to increase, except in 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic caused a dramatic economic slowdown.
  • IRENA observes the emergence of a new energy system based on renewable technologies and complemented by green hydrogen and modern bioenergy.
  • It estimates that by 2050, 90% of total electricity needs would be supplied by renewables, followed by 6% from natural gas and the remaining from nuclear.

News Crux Ecology & Environment

‘Gram Ujala’ Scheme Launched In Bihar


  • Rural population was still unable to afford discounted LEDs so, Gram Ujala – a customized program for rural India, based uniquely and innovatively on carbon finance, has been launched.
  • The Union Power Ministry has launched the pilot ‘Gram Ujala’ programme in Arrah, Bihar. The Gram Ujala programme will be implemented in villages of the 5 districts only.
  • Under this scheme, LEDs (7 watt and 12-Watt LED bulbs with 3 years warranty) will be available for only Rs 10 each for each household, in exchange for working condition old incandescent lamps. Each household will get up to 5 LEDs.
  • In the first phase of this programme, 15 million (1.5 crore) LED bulbs will be distributed across villages of Aarah (Bihar), Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Vijaywada (Andhra Pradesh), Nagpur (Maharashtra), and village in western Gujarat.
  • The programme will provide clean energy access and make a significant contribution towards mitigating climate change and achieving a sustainable future.
  • ‘Gram Ujala’ programme will be financed entirely through carbon credits and will be the first such programme in India.
  • The ‘Gram Ujala’ programme will have a significant impact on India’s climate change action energy savings of 2025 million KWh/year and CO2 reductions of 1. 65 million T CO2/year.

News Crux Defence

BDL To Supply ‘Milan-2T’ Anti-Tank Guided Missiles To Indian Army


  • Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU) Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) will supply 4,960 MILAN-2T Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) to Indian Army.
  • The Milan-2T is a Tandem Warhead ATGM with the range of 1,850 metres, produced by BDL under license from MBDA Missile Systems, France.
  • These missiles can be fired from ground as well as vehicle-based launchers and can be deployed in Anti-Tank Role for both offensive and defensive tasks.

News Crux Defence

Indian-Bahrain PASSEX Under ‘Operation Sankalp’


  • The Indian Navy and the Royal Bahrain Naval Force carried out the Passage Exercise (PASSEX) in the Persian Gulf as part of ‘Operation Sankalp’ on 17th March 2021.
  • A passage exercise refers to a drill held by two navies to ensure that both are able to communicate and cooperate in times of war or humanitarian relief.
  • The Indian Navy carries out such exercises at regular intervals with units of friendly foreign navies.
  • They are undertaken at the time when the two navies are either visiting each other’s ports or during a rendezvous at sea.
  • The exercise between the navies of the two nations has been conducted under the Maritime Security Operations, which has been code-named ‘Op Sankalp’.
  • Operation Sankalp was first initiated in the Gulf region on June 19, 2019, in the aftermath of the attacks on merchant ships in the Gulf of Oman.