Current Affairs - 30 September 2022

Current News Indian Economy

Asian Palm Oil Alliance


The apex edible oil industry associations from five major palm oil importing countries in Asia have come together for the first time to form an alliance -- Asian Palm Oil Alliance (APOA).

  • APOA was launched during the Globoil Summit at Agra on September 21. The summit is one of the World’s Leading Edible Oils and Agri Trade Conference, Exhibitions & Awards.

Countries under the Alliance

  • The alliance is between industry bodies of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal.
  • In the coming year, the membership would be further expanded to include other select companies or industry organisations operating in the production or refining of palm oil across the continent.

Objective

  • The Alliance is expected to safeguard the economic and business interests of the palm oil consuming countries and create a level playing field for all fats and oils used in food, feed and oleochemicals in Asia. It will further work towards increasing the consumption of sustainable palm oil in member countries.
  • The alliance commits to work worldwide to ensure that palm oil is recognised as a high-quality, economical, and healthy vegetable oil and to change the negative image of palm oil.

Secretariat

  • The secretariat of the newly-formed alliance would initially be managed by The Solvent Extractors' Association (SEA) of India - India's edible oil industry body.

First President of Asian Palm Oil Alliance (APOA)

  • In the first general body meeting of the Alliance, Atul Chaturvedi, the President of SEA, was elected as the first Chairman.
  • Note: India is the largest importer of palm oil in Asia, accounting for 15% of global imports, followed by China (9%), Pakistan (4%) and Bangladesh (2%).

News Crux Appointment & Resignation

Lt General (retd) Anil Chauhan


On 30th September 2022 Lt General (retd) Anil Chauhan assumed charge as the country’s second Chief of Defence Staff (CDS).

  • The post has been vacant for over nine months since the death of the first CDS Gen Bipin Rawat in a chopper crash in December 2021.
  • This is the first instance since independence, of a three-star Lieutenant General rank officer taking over as a four-star General after retirement.
  • Lt Gen Chauhan (retd) is from the 11 Gorkha Rifles, the same regiment of Gen Rawat.
  • He was commissioned into the 11 Gorkha Rifles of the Indian Army in 1981 and has served a range of staff and operational appointments including that of Director General of Military Operations.
  • Gen Chauhan took over as the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Eastern Command in September 2019 which he held until his retirement from service on May 31, 2021.

About CDS

  • As per charter, the CDS is a four-star General with salary and perquisites equivalent to a Service Chief. The CDS is first among equals with respect to the three Service Chiefs.
  • The CDS heads the Department of Military Affairs (DMA), the fifth department created in the Ministry of Defence, as its Secretary.
  • He is also the Principal Military Adviser to Defence Minister and Permanent Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC).
  • Tenure: No tenure was defined by the Government in his appointment unlike for Service Chiefs. For instance, the tenure of Service Chiefs is 62 years of age or three years whichever is earlier, while the maximum age limit for the CDS is 65 years of age with no tenure defined.

News Crux Appointment & Resignation

R Venkataramani


The Centre has appointed R Venkataramani, Senior Advocate at Supreme Court, as the 15th Attorney General of India (AG).

  • He replaced K K Venugopal, whose tenure ended on 30th September 2022.

News Crux Miscellaneous

India’s first Avalanche Monitoring Radar


The Indian Army and the Defence Geoinformatics and Research Establishment (DGRE) have jointly installed the Avalanche Monitoring Radar, first of its kind in India, at an altitude of 15,000 feet in north Sikkim.

  • Besides being used for detection of avalanches, this radar can also be employed to detect landslides.
  • This radar has the capability to detect avalanches within three seconds of their triggering and will assist in saving valuable life of troops and civilians as also vehicles in super high altitude areas.
  • The avalanche radar was made operational by Defence Research and Development Organisation’s wing DGRE, which is involved in forecasting and mitigation of avalanche hazards faced by Indian Army in the Himalayan region.

Working Principle/Features

  • The radar uses a series of short micro wave pulses which are scattered at the target and can detect an avalanche in less than three seconds.
  • The radar, which can permanently scan the targeted slope for avalanche release and track its path and its size in case it is triggered, can “see” through snow, fog as well as in the night, making it an all-weather solution and covers an area of two sq/km obviating the requirement to place additional instruments in dangerous avalanche prone areas.
  • The radar is also linked to an alarm system enabling automatic control and warning measures in case an avalanche is triggered. Images and videos of the event are automatically recorded for future analysis by the experts.

News Crux Awards In News

2022 Goalkeepers Global Goals Awards


As part of its annual Goalkeepers campaign, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation honoured four winners of its Goalkeepers Global Goals Awards this year.

  • The foundation recognized the work of four remarkable changemakers to advance progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in their communities and around the world.

Awardees

  • Radhika Batra, co-founder of the nonprofit organization Every Infant Matters, which provides last-mile health solutions to disadvantaged children in India
  • Zahra Joya, a journalist from Afghanistan who founded and self-funded Rukhshana Media, an online news agency focused exclusively on covering issues that affect the women of Afghanistan.
  • Vanessa Nakate, a climate justice activist from Uganda and founder of the Africa-based Rise Up Movement and the Green Schools Project.
  • Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission who has shown determination in leading both the EU and global response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

News Crux Awards In News

Dadasaheb Phalke Award, 2020


Renowned film actress, director and producer and an accomplished Indian classical dancer Ms Asha Parekh was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2020.

  • Starting her career as a child actor she made her debut as lead heroine in Dil Deke Dekho and has gone on to act in over 95 movies.
  • She has acted in celebrated films like Kati Patang, Teesri Manzil, Love in Tokyo, Aya Saawan Jhoom Ke, Aan Milo Sajna, Mera Gaon Mera Desh.
  • Ms Asha Parekh was conferred the Padma Shri in 1992. She has also served as the head of Central Board for Film Certification from 1998-2001.

The Jury

  • The jury for the selection of 52nd Dadasaheb Phalke award consisted of five members from the film industry: Ms Asha Bhosle, Ms Hema Malini, Ms Poonam Dhillon, Shri T. S. Nagabharana, and Shri Udit Narayan.

About the Award

  • The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in the field of cinema.
  • Presented first in 1969, the award was introduced by the Government of India to commemorate Dadasaheb Phalke's contribution to Indian cinema. He is regarded as "the father of Indian cinema", who directed India's first full-length feature film, Raja Harishchandra (1913).
  • It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals, an organisation set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  • The award comprises a Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus) medallion, a shawl, and a cash prize.
  • The first recipient of the award was actress Devika Rani (1969).
  • In 2019 it was awarded to Rajnikanth.

Current Affairs GK

 Which Gujarati film, directed by Pan Nalin has been chosen by the Film Federation of India as the country's entry to the Oscars 2023 in Best International Feature category? -- Chhello Show (Last Film Show)
 Which power sector financing company recently became the 12th ‘Maharatna’ Central Public Sector Enterprise? -- REC Ltd
 Which public sector refinery in eastern Assam’s Golaghat district has taken major strides in setting up Rs.1, 750-crore biorefinery unit for producing bioethanol from 5-lakh metric tonnes of bamboo per annum? -- Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL)
 Name the Indian author who has been selected for the Hermann Kesten Prize 2022 - a German literary award presented annually for outstanding efforts in support of persecuted writers which is named in honor of the German novelist and dramatist Hermann Kesten? -- Meena Kandasamy
 Who has replaced Dr. Randeep Guleria as the new AIIMS director? -- Dr. M Srinivas
 Who has been appointed as the Director General of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) cum- Secretary, Department of Health Research (DHR) for a period of 3 years? -- Rajiv Behl
 Who is the first sportsperson and Olympian to be elected as president of Hockey India (HI)? -- Dillip Tirkey
 Which operation was recently carried out by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in relation to the circulation and sharing of Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) following inputs from Interpol headquarters, Crime against Children unit in Singapore? -- 'Megha Chakra'
 The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has introduced which security feature to the Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS) to determine whether the fingerprint being used belongs to a person who’s alive or not?  -- Fingerprint ‘Liveliness’
 Name the first-of-its-kind database for tracking the world’s fossil fuel production, reserves and emissions launched recently that includes data from over 50,000 oil, gas and coal fields in 89 countries? -- Global Registry of Fossil Fuels

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