Current Questions

International :

Blue Flag Certification

With reference to the Blue Flag Certification, consider the following statements:

  1. Blue Flag Certificationis accorded by an international agency -Foundation for Environment Education, Denmark, based on 31 stringent criteria.
  2. It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987, and in areas outside Europe since 2001, when South Africa joined.

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Microdot Technology

Consider the following statements with reference to the Microdot Technology:

  1. Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of the vehicle or any other machine with microscopic dots, which give a unique identification.
  2. The microdots and adhesive will become permanent fixtures/affixation which cannot be removed without damaging the asset i.e. the vehicle itself.

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Organisation Of Islamic Cooperation

Consider the following statements with reference to Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC):

  1. The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco in 1969, following the criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.
  2. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations with a membership of 58 countries, including Pakistan.

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United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea

With reference to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), consider the following statements:

  1. UNCLOS is an international treaty, signed in 1982, which replaced the four Geneva Conventions of April, 1958.
  2. It divides marine areas into four zones namely- Internal Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

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Houbara Bustard

Recently, the government of Pakistan has issued special permits to the Emir of Qatar and nine other members of the royal family to hunt the Houbara Bustard. Consider the following given statements with reference to the Houbara Bustard:

  1. Two distinct species as recognised by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), one residing in North Africa and the other in Asia.
  2. The species have been categorised as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

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International Court Of Justice

Recently, Gambia has filed an application at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), accusing Myanmar of violating the 1948 Genocide Convention. Consider the following statements with reference to the International Court of Justice:

  1. The ICJ was established in 1946 by the United Nations charter and began working in April 1947.
  2. The Court is composed of 10 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.

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Rare Earth Elements

With reference to Rare Earth Elements(REE), consider the following statements:

  1. Rare Earth Elements (REE) is the collective name for 19 chemically similar metallic elements (the lanthanides, Scandium and Yttrium) that occur in a wide range of REE bearing minerals and are mined collectively.
  2. The principal economic sources of rare earths are the minerals bastnasite, monazite, and loparite and the lateritic ion-adsorption clays.

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Postpartum Haemorrhage

Consider the following statements with reference to the Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH):

  1. Postpartum haemorrhage is defined as a blood loss of 500 ml or more within 24 hours after birth.
  2. PPH is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low-income countries, and the primary cause of nearly one quarter of all maternal deaths globally.

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Instrument In Support Of Trade Exchanges

Consider the following given statements about the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX):

  1. INSTEX was established by France, Germany and the United Kingdom in January 2019, to allow European entities to maintain trade with Iran.
  2. The Paris-based INSTEX functions as a clearing house allowing Iran to continue to sell oil and import other products or services in exchange.

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Power Of Siberia

Recently, in collaboration with which of the following given countries, Russia inaugurated cross border gas pipeline named Power of Siberia?


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