Current Questions

Biodiversity & Conservation :

Red Crowned Roofed Turtle

Consider the following statements with reference to the Red Crowned Roofed Turtle:

  1. The red-crowned roofed turtle is a species of freshwater turtle endemic to South Asia.
  2. It is categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


Olive Ridley Turtles

Consider the following statements with reference to Olive Ridley turtles:

  1. The Olive Ridley turtles are the largest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting cold waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
  2. The Olive Ridley is classified as ‘endangered’ according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), and is listed in Appendix II of CITES.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


Duck-Billed Platypus

Consider the following statements with reference to the Platypus:

  1. The platypus is one of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.
  2. Females have a spur on the back of their hind feet that is connected to a venom-secreting gland.
  3. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recently downgraded the platypus conservation status to Vulnerable from Least Concern.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Miyawaki Method

Consider the following statements with reference to the Miyawaki method:

  1. Miyawaki is a technique pioneered by Philippines that helps build dense, native forests.
  2. In Miyawaki method multi-layered saplings are planted close to each other. This blocks sunlight from reaching the ground and prevents weeds from growing, thus keeping the soil moist. The close cropping further ensures that the plants receive sunlight only from the top thus enabling them only to grow upwards than sideways.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Houbara Bustard

Recently, the government of Pakistan has issued special permits to the Emir of Qatar and nine other members of the royal family to hunt the Houbara Bustard. Consider the following given statements with reference to the Houbara Bustard:

  1. Two distinct species as recognised by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), one residing in North Africa and the other in Asia.
  2. The species have been categorised as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Sumatran Rhino

Recently, with the death of the last known specimen, the Sumatran Rhino is now officially extinct in Malaysia. Consider the following statements about the Sumatran Rhino:

  1. The Sumatran Rhino is the biggest of the rhinoceros species and the only rhino with two horns in Asia.
  2. Sumatran Rhino have been placed in the list of Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:


Paddy Frogs

Consider the following statements with respect to Paddy Frogs:

  1. This is the first known species of this genus which was originally described from the island of Sri Lanka.
  2. It is currently endemic to Northeast India.
  3. It has been declared the state amphibian

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


Royal Turtles

Consider the following statements about ‘Royal Turtles’:

  1. It is listed as ‘Endangered’ as per the IUCN Red List.
  2. It is endemic to Western Ghats of India.
  3. It lives in brackish water ecosystem.

Which of the above answer is/are incorrect?


Echidna

Consider the following statements about Echidnas:

  1. It inhabitates the polar regions of the world.
  2. It is listed as ‘Endangered’ as per the IUCN Red List.

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:


Parrot Fish

Which of the following statements are correct with respect to Parrot Fish?

  1. They play a significant role in bio-erosion.
  2. They are economically important because commercial fishery exists for some of the largerspecies.
  3. Most parrotfish species are herbivores.
  4. It is categorized as ‘endangered’ in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


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