UNCCD Report Reveals Degradation of World's Rangelands

  • 23 May 2024

A recent report in May, 2024, by the United Nations Convention on Combating Desertification (UNCCD) underscores the critical state of the world's rangelands, revealing alarming levels of degradation.

Key Points

  • Defining Rangelands: UNCCD defines rangelands as ecosystems grazed by livestock or wild animals, crucial for food security and livelihoods.
  • Global Coverage: Rangelands cover over half of Earth's land, serving as carbon sinks and preventing desertification.
  • Significance: They generate 16% of global food production, vital for millions of people worldwide.
  • Degradation Findings: Nearly 50% of rangelands are degraded due to climate change, unsustainable practices, and land conversion.
  • Impact on Communities: Degradation affects soil fertility, biodiversity, and livelihoods of pastoralist communities.
  • Who are Pastoralists: Pastoralists are involved in livestock production, facing challenges due to land degradation and marginalization.
  • Economic Contributions: Pastoralists play a significant role in India's livestock sector, contributing to milk and meat production.