All India Survey on Domestic Workers


On 22nd November 2021, Union Minister for Labour and Employment, Shri Bhupender Yadav flagged off the first ever All India Survey on Domestic Workers.

It will be conducted by Labour Bureau, Chandigarh.


(Image Source: PIB)

Need for this Survey

  • Data Deficiency: Though domestic workers (DWs) constitute a significant portion of total employment in the informal sector, there is a dearth of data on the magnitude and prevailing employment conditions. As per latest data on the e-Shram portal, around 8.8 per cent of registered 8.56 crore informal sector workers fall in the domestic worker (DW) category.

Main Objectives

  • Estimate the number/proportion of DWs at National and State level.
  • Household Estimates of Live-in/ Live-out DWs.
  • Average number of DWs engaged by different types of households.

Broad Parameters for Data Collection

  • Household Characteristics: HH size, Religion, Social Group, Usual Monthly Consumption Expenditure, Nature of Dwelling unit.
  • Demographic Characteristics: Name, Age, Relation to Head, Marital Status, General Education Level, Usual Principal Activity Status, Subsidiary Activity Status and Status of DWs.
  • Information on Employer: HHs is also collected such as their preferences of DW regarding Gender and marital status, mode of payment of wages, number of days worked, mode of engagement, whether DW services were availed during ii COVID-19 pandemic, medical support given to DWs.
  • Other Information: It also collects information on DWs such as their Age of entry, Social Group, Migrant status, Vocational Training/Education, Number of HHs served by DW, activities performed by them, and number of days worked, Duration of work, Type of remuneration and its frequency, Type of contract, Distance travelled, Engagement as DW before and after COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on wages and job, living conditions and social security benefits received.

Scope of the Survey

  • All India States/UTs of India covered are 37 and Districts covered are742.
  • Unit of Enumeration is Villages as per Census 2011 and Urban Blocks as per latest phase of UFS.
  • At the all-India level, a total number of 12766 First Stage Units (FSUs) i.e., 6190 villages and 6576 UFS blocks will be covered in the survey.
  • 1,50,000 Households i.e., the Ultimate Stage Units (USU) will be covered.